© RIA Novosti / Vladimir Astapkovich in fotomontagen© RIA Novosti / Vladimir Astapkovich the image Bank
Atheists in many countries, due to societal pressure are afraid to talk about their beliefs, so their number is significantly understated, according to American psychologists.
Scientists came to this conclusion after a survey of four thousand people in the US. When analyzing the results, they applied statistical methods. Then they compared their results with the data of opinion polls.
«Widely cited telephone surveys (e.g., centers Gallup and Pew) show that the prevalence of atheism in the US is only 3-11%. On the contrary, the indirect estimate is 26% (given the uncertainty of the method). Our data and model predict that the prevalence of atheism more than 11% to more than 20%,» — said in an article published in the scientific journal Social Psychological and Personality Science.
Thus, estimates of the number of atheists in the 11% are, according to scientists, «less likely» than the scores of 40%. Psychologists have called for a review of some popular methods today, the study of religion considering the fact that during data collection researchers may face mistrust on the part of the respondents.
According to the survey «Levada-the centre» 22% of Russian citizens consider themselves atheists or agnostics.
In Russia, the theme of persecution of atheists called this week a heated debate. well-known journalist Vladimir Pozner, commenting on the sentence «pokemon catcher» Ruslan Sokolovsky, asked whether it violates the criminal code, stating that he is an atheist, do not insult it thus the religious feelings of the Patriarch. In the Russian Orthodox Church, he replied that «if a person adheres to the atheistic belief, it does not offend anyone’s feelings».
In August last year, Sokolowski posted on its YouTube channel a video of him playing app Pokemon GO during the service in the Temple-on-Blood in Ekaterinburg. The video was accompanied by obscene language, stylized hymns, and in the end write the blogger ridiculed the foundations of Christianity.
The court sentenced Sokolowski to three and a half years of imprisonment conditionally. Blogger, in particular, was convicted of inciting hatred against Christianity and Islam.