Scientists have discovered the ancient «art gallery» in a cave in Ethiopia

© Photo : A. Herrero / PLoS One 2016Пещера pork-Epik in EthiopiaScientists have discovered the ancient «art gallery» in a cave in Ethiopia© Photo : A. Herrero / PLoS One 2016

. Anthropologists from Spain opened in Ethiopia a kind of «art gallery» where ancient people drew pictures and prepared paint for 4.5 thousand years, making it the most ancient and long «exhibition» in the history of the planet. Their findings were published in the journal PLoS One.

«Archaeologists studying the Mesolithic culture, usually based on differences in device tools to track cultural relations and the evolution of the societies of ancient people. We found out that something similar happened in the manufacture of paints. All the companions of the cave about the same produced ochre and used it, passing on these secrets from generation to generation» — written by Daniela Rosso (Rosso Daniela) from the University of Barcelona (Spain) and her colleagues.

Cave paintings and other manifestations of the fine arts of ancient «Palaeolithic Venus» and other statues used to be considered a distinctive trait of our ancestors penetrated into the territory of Europe is about 45-40 thousand years ago. It was later revealed that the Neanderthals knew how to draw, and the most ancient drawings of people images pigs babirusas and other animals are not in Europe, and in South-East Asia.

In fact, today believe paleontologists and anthropologists, art was born much earlier, at least 100 thousand years ago, before the Exodus of man from Africa, just drawings of those times did not live to see us because of the Equatorial climate and their venerable age. For example, in 2011, scientists found the alleged «palette» – a conch shell, covered with paint and working tools of the ancient artists age in 100-150 thousand years, conducting excavations in the cave Blombos in South Africa.

How to tell the archaeologists, they were able to dig out of the bottom of the cave about 40 pounds of pieces of ochre, also found a lot of «palettes», chopping, bone «brushes» and other tools that residents pork-Epik used for grinding ochre and prepare the paint based on it. In addition to the ancient paints and «brushes», scientists found traces of drawings on cave walls, wrote about French travelers in the late 1920s.

This discovery gave scientists the opportunity to trace that was connected the work of artists from pork-Epik among themselves, analyzing the chemical composition of their paints and how they are produced. To do this, Rosso and her colleagues analyzed the pattern of scratches on pieces of ochre that were objecively inhabitants of the cave in the manufacture of paints and compared them with each other.

As it turned out, in fact, the artists who inhabited the cave at different periods of history and were linked – they used about the same methods of manufacture and application of paints, which are only imperceptibly changed in the transition from one generation to the next. It was shown that the inhabitants of the cave produced the ochre is about the same color and consistency, adhering to some common standards.

All this, as scientists believe, points to the continuity of cultural and artistic traditions, and their important role in the life of societies, those people who lived in the Park-Epic during the middle stone age. The search of such relationships between the authors of rock paintings in other parts of the world, according to anthropologists, will help us to better understand how humanity colonized the Land after the Exodus from Africa.

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