Scientists: Peru is home to the oldest civilization of Earth

© Photo : Tom DillehayРаскопка mound of Huaca Prieta in Peru, where scientists found traces of potentially the oldest civilization of EarthScientists: Peru is home to the oldest civilization of Earth© Photo : Tom Dillehay

An unexpected discovery in Peru, which says that near the famous pyramids in the valley of Chicama more than 15 thousand years ago people lived, speaks about fast rates of the development of civilization in the New world, say scientists in an article published in the journal Science Advances.

«We managed to find at Huaca Prieta many artifacts, including the remains of food, stone tools and other traces of a culture of ancient people, including baskets and fabric, decorated with patterns. All these findings confront us with the question how to quickly develop a civilization in this region, and reflect on the level of development and that they have the technology that allowed to extract resources from the land and sea,» says James Adovasio (James Adovasio) from the Atlantic University of Florida to Fort Pierce (USA).

Up to the present time, scientists believed that the New world was the last region of the Earth, populated by humans. As was believed by paleontologists, based on the studied traces of human presence in the Americas, the ancestors of the Indians or other groups of CRO-magnon was introduced to America around 17-15 thousand years ago, migrating from Siberia to Eastern regions of the United States across the isthmus that existed in the place of the modern Bering Strait.

Earlier dates of colonization of America scientists had not even considered, as the bridge between the New world and Eurasia has existed for only short periods of time, about 70 thousand and 23-13 thousand years ago, and before that a large part of Chukotka and Alaska was covered by impassable glaciers. On the other hand, recent genetic research suggests that America could be settled from the South by the movement of the ancestors of the Indians on the Islands of Polynesia.

Adovasio, and his colleagues found evidence that South America and even the whole New world could be inhabited much earlier than previously thought. The researchers found what they call «piles and piles of artifacts» on the Pacific ocean in the town of Huaca Prieta. It is located in the valley of Chicama, where he built the ancient pyramids of Peru, where often find the traces of Parking of Indian ancestors, who inhabited this part of the continent about five to eight thousand years ago, scientists tell.

Excavated one of these mounds, archaeologists found many primitive tools, the remnants of tissues and reed baskets, and this has led to the conclusion that they are dealing with a very ancient traces of civilization.

The ancient mysteries of Peru

The researchers tested this theory by measuring the proportion of radioactive isotopes in the cane, from which was woven the basket. The age of the finds went far beyond what was expecting to see archaeologists: most of the artifacts were older than eight thousand years, and some stepped over the mark in 15 thousand years.

Thus, the pace of development of civilization in the New world were previously underestimated. The inhabitants of the valley of Chicama, how to tell the scientists, already 15 thousand years ago were able not only to make tissues and vessels, but also to forage at sea and on land, raising and catching marine life with hooks and bone harpoons with stone as well as growing them or collecting avocado, peas, chili and pumpkin on the land.

«Such complex textiles and baskets tell us about that in the Huaca Prieta existed standardized or collective methods of production and that they were made not only for utilitarian purposes. Like many other local artifacts, they indicate the presence of complex society in the valley and desires of its citizens to demonstrate their social status», — sums up, Adovasio.

The question remains how did this civilization. The authors emphasize that their discovery is unequivocal evidence that the ancestors of the Peruvians penetrated into South America along the Pacific migration route. Further excavations at the Huaca Prieta, and other sites of ancient people in America will help to understand how in fact originated modern Indians, the researchers conclude.

© Photo : Tom DillehayРаскопка mound of Huaca Prieta in Peru, where scientists found traces of potentially the oldest civilization of EarthScientists: Peru is home to the oldest civilization of Earth© Photo : Tom DillehayРаскопка mound of Huaca Prieta in Peru, where scientists found traces of potentially the oldest civilization of Earth

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