Scientists named the most useful sports

Ученые назвали самые полезные виды спорта

Swimming, Cycling, aerobics and tennis were the most healthy sports version of the Australian scientists, according to a paper published in the British Journal of Sports Medicine.

“Our observations showed that it is not only important how often and how much you exercise, but, in fact, the sport. It seems that different sports have different impact on human health. These observations and insights of our colleagues need to help sports entities to formulate new types of exercises that would most effectively improve the health of people,” said Emmanuel Stamatakis (Emmanuel Stamatakis) from the University of Sydney (Australia).

Stamatakis and her colleagues came to this conclusion after studying the data that the social services in the UK and Australia were collected from 1994 to 2006, observing the health of about 80 thousand elderly Britons involved in sport.

The purpose of these observations was a test to do intensive physical activity on life expectancy and predisposition to various diseases, including heart attacks, strokes and other problems with the cardiovascular system.

The authors decided to test how physical activity affects health are not in General and according to different sports. It turned out that not all are equally useful.

For example, football, running, weightlifting and many other sports had no effect on life expectancy and probability of death due to health problems. Other disciplines have a more positive effect on human health and prolonged life.

For example, badminton, tennis and so-called squash (the game of tennis with the wall) were the most useful sports for older Britons – they decreased the probability of premature death due to any possible reasons, approximately 47%, and 56% — from-for problems with heart and blood vessels.

Similarly, swimming lessons and aerobics lowered the chances of death at 27-28% overall, and 36-41% — from diseases of the cardiovascular system. In addition, Cycling reduces the risk of death by 15% and does not affect the health of the heart and blood vessels.

Scientists believe that these differences suggests that certain disciplines affect human health in different ways, strengthening the health of certain organs or parts of the body. This, in turn, indicates the need for the development of combined sports, which would help to improve the health of the organism as a whole.

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