No insignia: unknown details of the Unknown soldier

Без знаков отличия: неизвестные подробности о Неизвестном солдате

50 years ago at the Kremlin wall, the solemn burial of the remains of the Unknown soldier. Memorial in memory of the fallen in the Great Patriotic war became a point of attraction. Who was the soldier? And why Leonid Brezhnev for a long time did not give approval for the creation of the memorial? About this photo stories RIA Novosti.

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Без знаков отличия: неизвестные подробности о Неизвестном солдате

The ashes of the unknown soldier were moved to the Alexandrovsky garden in 1966 in honor of the 25th anniversary of the defeat of German forces near Moscow. The remains of one of the soldiers recovered from a mass grave at the 41st km of the Leningrad highway, it is located near the entrance to Zelenograd.

Без знаков отличия: неизвестные подробности о Неизвестном солдате
Ceremony of the burial of the remains of the Unknown soldier in Alexandrovsky garden

On the site of a mass grave is now the memorial complex “the Bayonets.” The first soldiers who were buried here in 1941, were soldiers who died during the battle for the village MATUSHKINO. In 1960 these also were transferred the remains of soldiers found during construction in Zelenograd. Only in the area of the memorial complex lie more than 760 people.

Без знаков отличия: неизвестные подробности о Неизвестном солдате
Memorial

The ceremony of reburial of the remains of the unknown soldier was held on 3 December. His ashes placed in a coffin covered orange-and-black ribbon, set into an open car and sent to Moscow. At this time, at the Manege square held a rally. During the ceremony of the burial, many viewers could not hold back the tears.

Без знаков отличия: неизвестные подробности о Неизвестном солдате
The funeral of the Unknown soldier

The architectural ensemble “tomb of the Unknown soldier” was opened a year after the burial — 8 may 1967. Eternal flame lit by Leonid Brezhnev.

Без знаков отличия: неизвестные подробности о Неизвестном солдате
Inauguration of the monument tomb of the unknown soldier

The idea of creating the monument belonged to the first Secretary of the Moscow city party Committee Nicholas Egorycheva. He saw the tomb of the Unknown soldier in Paris, created in memory of those killed in the First world war, and decided to create a similar memorial in Moscow. Brezhnev for a long time did not give approval for its creation at the Kremlin wall. He believed that the monument has no place in the Alexander garden, because this place was an obelisk to the 300th anniversary of the Romanov dynasty, then converted into a monument to revolutionary thinkers.

Без знаков отличия: неизвестные подробности о Неизвестном солдате
The visit of General Secretary of the CPSU Central Committee Mikhail Gorbachev to France

However Egorychev has receded. He initiated the transfer of the obelisk, created the sketches of the future monument to the Unknown soldier and enlisted the support of members of the Politburo. In the end, Brezhnev approved the project.

Без знаков отличия: неизвестные подробности о Неизвестном солдате
The eternal flame at the tomb of the Unknown soldier

The soldier buried at the Kremlin wall, preserved form. This helped to determine that he was a private. The document, which would establish the identity of the warrior, was not.

Без знаков отличия: неизвестные подробности о Неизвестном солдате
The woman at the Tomb of the Unknown soldier

The eternal flame at the tomb of the Unknown soldier in 2009, moved to Poklonnaya hill. At this time, the reconstruction of the memorial. But in 2010 it returned.

Без знаков отличия: неизвестные подробности о Неизвестном солдате
The tomb of the Unknown soldier

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