Off the coast of California found sea monsters, lost a century ago

У берегов Калифорнии нашли морское "чудище", потерянное век назад

Oceanographers found off the coast of California, a mysterious creature similar to a luminous toy-spring. The last time this animal was seen in the Pacific ocean more than a century ago, according to a paper published in the journal Marine Biodiversity Records.

“When the submarine surfaced, he brought with him is an unusual vertebrate, which turned out to be alive and completely intact. We immediately dissected it, and prepared for transport to the Smithsonian Museum. We didn’t know what the creature is, and only when he looked at it, realized that we found Bathochordaeus charon, a mysterious form of appendicularia described more than a century ago,” said Robert Sherlock from the Research Institute Monterey Bay in moss Landing.

Appendicularia look like miniature tadpoles, their sizes usually do not exceed several millimeters. They live in a kind of soft “shells” through which chased the water, cleaning it of plankton and other edible additives.

In 1899, the German biologist Carl Chun, studying the flora and fauna of the South Atlantic, found in ocean waters unusually large appendicularia. Its bizarre appearance has led scientist to the conclusion that this is a rare deep-sea organism. For this reason Jung called being Bathochordaeus charon, after Charon, the character from Greek mythology who transported the souls of the dead across the river Styx.

In decades of searching, none of the researchers have found more than a single representative of this species. Some scientists even felt that Jung was wrong, describing his mysterious body.

A century later, Sherlock and his colleagues found that Jung was right. The researchers were able to catch off the coast of California unusual appendicularia, similar to that described by the German biologist body. Examination of the DNA showed that they caught a “sea monster” refers to the form Bathochordaeus charon.

While scientists don’t know whether Bathochordaeus charon live in the Pacific and in the Atlantic ocean. There is also no data on how representatives of such a rare species could spread in two oceans. In any case, Sherlock concludes that Jung could consider himself fully justified in the face of science and history, if he had lived to the present day.