From «the cranes are Flying» to «Dislike»: Soviet and Russian cinema in Cannes

© RIA Novosti / Ekaterina to Chesnokova in fotoracconti Director Andrey Zvyagintsev at the photo shoot of the winners of the 70-th Cannes international film festival. Russian film Director Andrey Zvyagintsev received the jury prize at the Cannes festival for the film DislikeFrom «the cranes are Flying» to «Dislike»: Soviet and Russian cinema in Cannes© RIA Novosti / Ekaterina to Tecnocovering the image Bank

In the regiment of Russian films awarded at the Cannes film festival, arrived: Andrey Zvyagintsev received the jury prize for «Dislike». This is the third award of the festival after the «Golden palm» and the Grand Prix. RIA Novosti offers to identify other Soviet and Russian films have won at Cannes.

The «great turning point» (1946)
© Lenfilm (1945)a poster for the movie «the Great fracture» (1945)From «the cranes are Flying» to «Dislike»: Soviet and Russian cinema in Cannes© Lenfilm (1945)a poster for the movie «the Great fracture» (1945)

War drama Friedrich Erler about the battle of Stalingrad was awarded the Grand Prix at the first Cannes film festival, held amid the postwar ruins, occupied by British troops.

The main prize was yet given, so the Grand Prix could be considered the main reward. Another thing is that along with the «Great turning point» received 11 more films.

The cranes are flying (1958)
© Film Studio «Mosfilm», 1957Кадр from the film «the cranes are Flying»From «the cranes are Flying» to «Dislike»: Soviet and Russian cinema in Cannes© film Studio «Mosfilm», 1957Кадр from the film «the cranes are Flying»

Drama of Michael kalatozova — the only domestic film won the «Palme d’or».

«The cranes are flying» made a splash at Cannes. According to the female lead role of Tatiana Samoilova, while watching crying all — men and women. In the end it turned into a long ovation.

© RIA Novosti / Mosfilm (1957)go to fotobelka Batalov in the film «the cranes are Flying»From «the cranes are Flying» to «Dislike»: Soviet and Russian cinema in Cannes© RIA Novosti / Mosfilm (1957)go to fotobelka Batalov in the film «the cranes are Flying»

Most Samoilova was not just then — she was a student at theatre school, where in the finals, said that «the cranes are Flying» did not like to Khrushchev. Teachers silent that the Secretary General has called her character a «whore.»

However, the French actress not only received a special prize of the jury, but met Pablo Picasso, who was delighted with the film and predicted Samoilova the status of world stars.

The fact that the West turned a triumph, the Soviet Union was met with cold and aloof. The victory of «Izvestia» wrote the note words in forty, mentioning Samoylova, but ignoring and Director Mikhail Kalatozov and cameraman Sergei Oraevskii. And after all their efforts, the film still would have entered into the story, even not having received the Cannes prize — the Director and the camera solution it is possible to disassemble the clock.

«Sibiriada» (1979)
© Mosfilm/Satra (1978)scene from the film «Sibiriada»From «the cranes are Flying» to «Dislike»: Soviet and Russian cinema in Cannes© Mosfilm/Satra (1978)scene from the film «Sibiriada»

A curious fact: in the years of the Grand Prix at Cannes awarded the two brothers-Director Mikhalkov.

The first lucky Andrei Konchalovsky (unlike his younger brother Nikita, took his mother’s surname), the jury appreciated his epic about the life of a small Siberian village, consisting of four movies, which takes place in the years of the twentieth century, from 1900 to 60 years.

This project began in 1974 as an order of the state: Konchalovskogo offered to shoot a film about the life of oil workers, is timed to regular Congress of the CPSU. The Director agreed, but the painting eventually became entirely something else — the relationship between people, came to the fore.

© RIA to Novoshepelychi in fotobounce in the film «Sibiriada»From «the cranes are Flying» to «Dislike»: Soviet and Russian cinema in Cannes© RIA to Novoshepelychi in fotobounce in the film «Sibiriada»

In Peter starred many famous actors, but separately want to highlight Lyudmila Gurchenko, who for the sake of filming was on the real exploits. After her death in 2011 Konchalovsky recalled how she broke her leg, but took himself in hand and came to play. The Director allowed her to limp, but it hurt, anyway, «went as a woman and hip shaking».

At Cannes, the film was shown in a shortened version, but still came out more than three hours. Konchalovsky insisted on intermission, the audience is not too tired. Gurchenko was worried that after the break they come back, but they not only returned, but also provided a picture of the standing ovation.

«Solaris» (1972)
© RIA Novosti / V. to Areshperani in fotobanka from the film «Solaris». 1972From «the cranes are Flying» to «Dislike»: Soviet and Russian cinema in Cannes© RIA Novosti / V. to Areshperani in fotobanka from the film «Solaris». 1972

All of Andrei Tarkovsky’s films in Cannes most of all appreciated two: this fantastic drama, filmed on the novel of the writer Stanislaw LEM, and the last film «the Sacrifice», also won the Grand Prix, but not from USSR, but from Sweden.

«Solaris» filmed in a large enough number of locations, from Zvenigorod to Tokyo. The first Director was attracted by the scenic views, the last highway Shuto.From «the cranes are Flying» to «Dislike»: Soviet and Russian cinema in Cannes

The film was awarded not only the Grand Prix, but the prize of the international Association of film critics. But LEM’s tape did not like — in his words, they to me had a big fight because of the differences in perception inherent in the «Solaris» sense.

«He took not «Solaris», and » Crime and punishment,» complained a writer in one of interview. For Lema the main subjects were space and science, for Tarkovsky the issues of ethics and morality.

«Repentance» (1987)
© RIA to Novoshepelychi in fotoreceptor from the film by Tengiz Abuladze «Repentance»From «the cranes are Flying» to «Dislike»: Soviet and Russian cinema in Cannes© RIA to Novoshepelychi in fotoreceptor from the film by Tengiz Abuladze «Repentance»

Drama by Georgian Director Tengiz Abuladze on the repressions of the 1930-ies and the dictator Varlam Aravidze, which absorbed a little from all the major dictators of the twentieth century (primarily, of course, Stalin), was awarded three awards at the Cannes film festival: Grand jury prize, prize of the international Association of film critics and prize of the Ecumenical (Christian) jury.

The film was shot in 1984, but it was shelved as «anti-Soviet». To ensure that it came out in wide release, helped by elem Klimov («Welcome, or no trespassing», «Come and see»), who was then first Secretary of the USSR Union of cinematographers. «I give my life to this film was,» said the Director after viewing in his office.

«Repentance» in the end, became not only the most important film in the career Abuladze and more he until his death in 1994 did not take off.

Utomlennye solntsem (1994)
© Caméra One/Canal+ (1994)a frame from the film «Burnt by the sun» by Nikita MikhalkovFrom «the cranes are Flying» to «Dislike»: Soviet and Russian cinema in Cannes© Caméra One/Canal+ (1994)a frame from the film «Burnt by the sun» by Nikita Mikhalkov

At the Cannes film festival-1994 triumph was another film, one way or another associated with the repression of 30-years — albeit not the same as «Repentance.»

The story is about commander Kotova facilities by country at the 1936 summer together with family and unsuspecting some of the life it separates only one day, was one of the main contenders for the «Golden palm», but in the end, Mikhalkov walked Tarantino with «pulp fiction».

Grand Prix Mikhalkov had to share with Chinese Director Zhang Yimou and his family Saga «Live». But «Burnt by the sun» won the Oscar for best foreign film. The Soviet Union awarded this statuette twice, for «War and peace» and «Moscow does not believe in tears».

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