Putin will take part in the SCO summit and meet with Prime Minister of Pakistan

© RIA Novosti / Alexei Nikolskiye in Photobacterium of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin. Archival photoPutin will take part in the SCO summit and meet with Prime Minister of Pakistan© RIA Novosti / Alexei Nikolskiye the image Bank

Russian President Vladimir Putin on Friday, the second day of stay in Astana to take part in the summit of the Shanghai cooperation organization (SCO), will visit the exhibition «Astana EXPO» and will meet the Prime Minister of Pakistan.

The Russian President arrived in Astana on Thursday, the same day met with Chairman of the state Council of China XI Jinping and called for a concert for the participants of the SCO summit. The second day of his program in the capital of Kazakhstan is expected to more intense.

The SCO summit

The SCO is an international organization founded in 2001 by the leaders of China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan.

To date, the SCO’s activities involved 18 States: the six founding countries, six observer countries (Mongolia, India, Pakistan, Iran, Belarus and Afghanistan) and six dialogue partners (Sri Lanka, Turkey, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Cambodia, Nepal).

The Russian presidential aide Yuri Ushakov on the eve of the summit said that the main topics of discussion will be the concrete steps for further improvement of the SCO activities, the development of cooperation in all priority areas — security, and counter-terrorism, and the economy, and humanitarian ties. It is also planned the traditional exchange of opinions on acute regional problems, primarily Afghanistan and the Middle East.

The key event of the summit will be the accession of India and Pakistan to the organization. In June 2016 at the summit in Uzbekistan signed a Memorandum of accession of these two countries. The Kremlin believes that the expansion of the organization will open a qualitatively new stage in its activities, will significantly enhance the credibility in international Affairs. In the result, member States of the SCO will occupy about 23% of the land, to unite almost half of the world’s population and generate around a quarter of world GDP.

Among the topics of the summit, said Ushakov, may be a discussion of Iran from joining the SCO. The Iranians are quite actively involved in the activities of the organization as observer since 2005. At the same time Iran submitted a formal application for accession to the SCO in 2008.

«And the Russian view that now there are all preconditions in order to give favourable consideration to this application. And accordingly, though not at this meeting in Astana, and may be, in the course of the next summits to decide on the admission of Iran as a full member,» — said Ushakov.

The summit is planned to sign 11 documents. Among them is the Astana Declaration of the member States of the SCO, the two decisions — to join the SCO India and Pakistan. We will also approve the report of the Secretary-General on the activities of the SCO over the past year, the report of the Board of a regional terrorist organisation. In addition, we will adopt a Convention for countering extremism in the countries of the SCO, Declaration of the heads of States on the joint fight against international terrorism and the information message on results of session of Council of heads of state.

In the Astana Declaration of the SCO will summarize the activities of Kazakhstan as chair of the organization, reflected on consolidated approaches of the countries towards further development, a dedicated assessment on key international and regional issues.

Thus, held the chairmanship in the SCO, China, and the next summit of heads of States members of the organization scheduled to be held in the summer of 2018 in China.

Meeting with Sharif

After the SCO summit Putin plans to hold a bilateral meeting with Prime Minister of Pakistan Nawaz Sharif. Their previous meeting was held during the SCO summit in Ufa in July 2015. Then the two leaders expressed their desire to expand relations in various spheres, including defense and energy.

This time it is planned to discuss the state and prospects of development of Russian-Pakistani relations, in particular, opportunities for further promotion of political dialogue and expand economic and trade cooperation. The trade turnover between the two countries in 2016 increased by 2% and amounted to 405 million dollars, in January-March this year declined by 2% to $ 147 million.

Putin and Sharif are also planning an exchange of views on topical international issues, including coordination of efforts in the fight against terrorism and extremism. Separately it is assumed to consider the theme of cooperation in the framework of the SCO — in view of the upcoming summit of the accession of Pakistan to the organization as a full member.

At negotiations the parties may discuss the implementation of a flagship project in power engineering — construction of gas pipeline «North-South» from Karachi to Lahore in accordance with the signed in 2015, the intergovernmental agreement on cooperation in the implementation of the project. In addition, major Russian energy companies are exploring the possibility of organizing supplies in Pakistan liquefied natural gas, laying of the offshore pipeline Iran-Pakistan-India and connecting to the modernization of thermal power plants in Pakistan, said Ushakov.

«Astana EXPO»

Finally, on Friday evening the Russian President will take part in the opening of the international exhibition «Astana EXPO-2017» which will be held from 10 June to 10 September 2017. Putin, Ushakov said, can visit the Russian pavilion.

The exhibition will showcase the latest achievements of science in the development of «green» energy. The organizers are waiting for more than 2 million guests. Their participation in the event confirmed 112 countries, 75 countries have booked the dates of the national days.

The total area of the EXPO is 172 acres, including 25 acres will house the exhibition complex. The venue of the international exhibition complex «EXPO-2017» in Astana is completely subordinated to the theme of the event — the energy of the future, his view on her will present in the thematic pavilions of the countries and companies participating, and guests can get acquainted with the latest achievements in technology and to learn about energy-efficient lifestyle.