France is preparing for the first round of parliamentary elections

© AFP 2017 / Etienne Laurent/PoolПариж from the height of bird flight. Archival photoFrance is preparing for the first round of parliamentary elections© AFP 2017 / Etienne Laurent/Pool

In just over a month after the presidential elections, French voters are now ready to drop in the ballot box: Sunday in the country held the first round of elections to the National Assembly (lower house of Parliament).

The French have to choose the 577 deputies of more than 7.8 thousand applicants.

Deputies are elected in single-mandate majoritarian system. The victory achieved in the first round the candidate who receives an absolute majority of votes. For those constituencies where the winner is not defined, a week later will host the second round of voting. In a yield or two candidates with the highest number of votes, or all candidates who voted at least 12.5% included in the voter lists of citizens. Will be enough to win a simple majority of votes.

Security at almost 67 thousands of polling stations will provide 50 thousand policemen and gendarmes, and soldiers of operation Sentinelle.

Abroad voted

For citizens living abroad, voting took place a week earlier — on June 3 and 4. Just for voters opened 717 polling stations. Voter turnout was 19.1%. Such an advance in the timing of the vote is due to the fact that in order to avoid cyber threats, it was decided not to hold a will in electronic form. A second round of voting abroad will be held simultaneously with the metropolis — June 18.

Victory in 10 of the 11 constituencies outside France in the first round was won by the candidates from the «Forward, Republic of». The only County where the candidate of the movement of the Makron could not win, was IX, which includes the countries of the Maghreb.

Before the start of voting in Metropolitan France began voting in overseas territories and in the overseas departments of France. Polling stations for voters Guadeloupe, French Guiana, Martinique, Saint Barthelemy, Saint Martin and Saint Pierre and Miquelon opened on Saturday.

Entertaining statistics

The number of candidates participating in the parliamentary elections of 2017, is 7 thousand and 882 people, which exceeds the indicator of 2012 (6,5 thousand people), but not an absolute record. So, in 2002, candidates were 8 thousand 444 man.

The number of candidates for each constituency varies from three to 27, but on average, one district accounted for 14 candidates.

According to the newspaper Monde, the most popular male name among the candidates for the national Assembly was Michelle — 130 candidates. Followed by Philip (103) and Christoph (88). The most popular female name was Isabel (78), the competition make him Catherine (69) and Ann (60).

The newspaper notes that candidates younger. If in 2012 the average age of candidates was 50 years, and in 2007 — 51 years, then in 2017 the figure is kept at around 48.2.

Forecasts are unanimous

As in the case with the prediction of the outcome of the presidential election, polls show the consensus forecasts for the outcome of the parliamentary elections.

Thus, according to released on Friday the results of the survey Ipsos/Sopra Steria, movement «Forward, Republic of», led to victory in the presidential election of Emmanuel Macron, to garner the support of 31% of voters. According to the forecasts of the study, the motion of the President of France may obtain from 397 to 427 of 577 seats in Parliament. The main opposition forces in the country — the party «the Republicans» and its allies — can get 22% of votes, which corresponds to the 95-115 seats in the National Assembly. The party «national front» to garner the support of 17% of the electorate, enabling it to receive from 5 to 15 seats in Parliament.

According to the survey, the company Elabe, a favorite vote is also «Forward Republic» in Alliance with the party «Democratic movement» (MoDem) — 29% of the vote. «Republicans» with allies will receive 23% of the votes, and NetFront — 17%.