A ban on anonymity: a bill to messengers passed first reading

© Fotolia / kantverСмартфон. Archival photoA ban on anonymity: a bill to messengers passed first reading© Fotolia / kantver

A bill to regulate instant messengers passed in the state Duma in the first reading. Document prohibiting anonymity in the services of instant messaging, supported by 356 deputies, two voted against and one abstained.

The bill on amendments to the law «On information, information technologies and protection of information», in the lower house of Parliament made in late may, the deputies from three factions: Marina Mukabenova (United Russia), Oleg Nikolaev («Fair Russia») and Alexander Yushchenko (CPRF).

The document obliges the organizers of the im to ensure the transmission of messages only to those users identified in accordance with the law. To do this, the authors of the bill propose to give the subscribers ID number on the basis of contracts, which messengers will be required to enter into with operators.

«Because today the amount of information transmitted through a messenger has already surpassed the amount of information transferred in a traditional Telecom operators, but also due to the fact that the owners have not proposed any regulation of their activities independently, it was decided to support this bill,» he said, speaking at the plenary session.

He added that Russia’s messengers are used by dozens of people, and these means of communication the main communication between people.

«The messengers remain outside the legal field. In fact, the legality of the work of the messenger depends on arbitrary decisions by its owners,» — said the Deputy.

Thus, according to him, some provisions of the bill require adjustments. So, for the second reading deputies intend in particular to clarify the concept of service exchange instant messages, as well as to prescribe the obligation of the organizers to do a mass mailing at the initiative of state authorities.

Moreover, said Levin, a messenger identificeret its users without a phone number. It is therefore necessary to further discuss the issue of mandatory identification of such users by phone number.

The Deputy from «United Russia» Marina Mukabenova, one of the authors of the bill, noted that it may be an additional mechanism of protection against the dissemination of information violating the legislation.

«This extremist content, and advertising of drugs, information damaging to the health of children, and even child pornography. All this only underscores the need to legislatively provide for the possibility of suppressing the illegal information,» she said.

LDPR against

The proposed bill ways of dealing with the instant messenger is absolutely useless and devoid of common sense, said the Deputy from LDPR Andrei Lugovoi.

He believes that the approved document is of a declarative nature, and its realization there are simply no tools.

«We look terminology here, pardon me, ridiculous. First, there is no tool for the implementation of Roskomnadzor this law at all. Because there is no even understanding of how messengers work,» said Lugovoi.

He drew attention to the fact that even in the United States no codes use WhatsApp messenger. «Because of a so-called RSA algorithm. This mathematical model until no it is not hacked. The man who once will reveal this model, will receive the Nobel prize. And we are talking about the fact that Roskomnadzor something blocked,» — said the Deputy.

He explained his idea on the example of an apartment house, using Wi-Fi telephone and the IP address is a huge stream of encrypted connection. «Roskomnadzor just no idea will be that there’s encrypted, it will never determine where the client is identified and where unidentified. It also understand can never the same with WhatsApp, which is somewhere in California… That is, the vulnerability of this algorithm is not yet discovered, hence, codes to crack, too it is impossible», — said Lugovoi.

Overall, according to the MP, «it’s like a war with pokémon.»