Physicists have found the secret in the manuscript the First temple of Israel

© Photo : American Friends of Tel Aviv University (AFTAU), a Clay tablet with the secret inscriptions, found by physicists<img src="/wp-content/uploads/sites/5/2017/06/ba5cb3887b0a6caa845c1b5a417f604a.jpg" alt="Physicists have found the secret in the manuscript the First temple of Israel" />© Photo : American Friends of Tel Aviv University (AFTAU)

. Israeli physicists have been able to decipher one of the most ancient biblical manuscripts of the time of the First temple, finding it a secret or a jammed part, which historians did not notice more than half a century since the discovery of these texts, according to a paper published in the journal PLoS One.

«The front part of these texts by our colleagues-historians for a long time and well studied, and on their return they paid no attention, thinking it empty. Using a multispectral system photography, our colleagues Mikhail Kordonsky noticed that on the back of the manuscript there are some letters and signs. To our great surprise, there were three new lines of text,» says Ari Shows (Arie Shaus) from tel Aviv University (Israel).

These manuscripts, as explains the scientist, was found over 50 years ago in the excavation of the ancient fortress of tel Arad in southern Israel, on the border of the Negev desert and the Judean desert. They were buried in the soil, as shown by radiocarbon Dating, approximately in 650 BC, making them contemporaries of the Babylonian king Nebuchadnezzar and witness the last days of the First temple of Israel and independent Jewish kingdoms.

Ancient Jewish texts, in contrast to the ancient Egyptian and ancient Chinese manuscripts were written not on paper but on the baked clay tablets on which the scribes of the times of the kings of David and Solomon applied the text with ink. This distinguished them from Sumerian and Assyrian clay tablets on which the text was embossed using a stylus, and is their main disadvantage compared to other ancient texts.

The thing is, how can you explain Chaos and his colleagues that the text of these signs disappears very quickly if not properly stored, which the manuscript of the tel-Arad almost entirely disappeared only after 20 years of storage in a Museum. The data that archaeologists have been able to for two decades, the study of these tablets suggests that they recorded information about certain financial transactions and trade wine, flour and oil.

Israeli physicists have decided to help the archaeologists in the reconstruction of the text, having pictures of signs in ten narrow regions of the visible and infrared portion of the spectrum. Getting such images and combining them together, the scientists hoped to find the lost parts of the text missing as a result of exposure to air the paint.

To the great surprise of scientists, this technique not only helped them re-read the text on the front side of the plates, opening 45 new letters on their surface, but also to find the recording on their reverse side, whose existence historians simply did not know. This text, as the researchers note, could just disappear from the plate itself, and to be erased by its owner in the distant past.

Connecting to the project archaeologists and historians, scientists read the contents of this «secret» of the manuscript, and found that it is a continuation of financial correspondence from the front side.

«The new text starts with a request for the supply of wine, as well as assurances that the author of the letter will help the addressee, if he will have some personal orders. He concludes with a request to transfer a product by an unnamed person and mention that the container of wine in the possession of a man named GE Eliyahu,» continued the physicist.

This discovery, as the scientist, should encourage historians and archaeologists to fully relearn all the clay tablets found in Israel in recent years because of their back or the front side may be hiding the text, invisible to the naked human eye. These records, as scientists hope, will expand our understanding of how Ancient Israel lived during the time of its independence.

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