Abnormal summer heat will affect 74 percent of the population by the year 2100, scientists have found

© AP Photo / Manish SwarupМужчина on the dam dried Manjara Dam in India. 2016Abnormal summer heat will affect 74 percent of the population by the year 2100, scientists have found© AP Photo / Manish Swarup

. Almost three-quarters of the world’s population will live in areas with constant heat waves and anomalously high summer temperatures by early next century, say scientists in an article published in the journal Nature Climate Change.

«A list of possible scenarios in the future is steadily declining. If we talk about the heat wave, now we have a choice between terrible and really terrible script. Many people today die of like heat waves, and even combating climate change will not save us from the fact that the number of victims in the future will only grow,» says Camilo Mora (Camilo Mora) from the University of Hawaii at Manoa (USA).

One of the consequences of global warming are considered to be the so-called «extreme weather events» – periods of abnormal heat in the winter or cold in summer, heat wave, the week-long torrential rains, droughts and other phenomena associated with the «wrong» weather. For example, the flood in Krymsk in 2012 and the summer heat wave in Russia in 2010, today is considered one of the most striking examples of such phenomena.

As noted by the academician Igor Mokhov in an interview with RIA «Novosti», the frequency of such occurrences in the future will only grow as further development of global warming and they will cover all large areas. This will lead, as shown by the calculations of Western climate scientists, to a sharp increase in mortality – each «extra» degree heat in the summer will increase the number of people who died by 5%.

Mora and his colleagues decided to find out how to change the situation of heat waves by 2100, if humanity completely abandons all measures to curb global warming and how the situation changes when they are fully implemented.

Accordingly, the mortality rate from heat stroke, heart attacks and other consequences of overheating of the body will rise sharply in the future, if leading Nations of the world will completely abandon the execution of the Paris agreements and other measures to combat global warming.

On the other hand, the implementation of all these measures, as acknowledged by Mora and his colleagues, not eliminate, but only a few will slow down the expansion of «anomalous heat». According to calculations of scientists, in this case, heat waves will cover about 48% of the population and about 25% of its territory.

And therefore, concludes Mora, humanity now is the time to start preparing for what the summer heat will be as big a threat to the lives of individuals, as the winter frosts.