Gatherings in Warsaw: «old» and «young» members of the EU met just

© 2017 AFP / Wojtek Radwanski the meeting of the heads of the Visegrad group in Warsaw. 19 Jun 2017Gatherings in Warsaw: «old» and «young» members of the EU met just© AFP 2017 / Wojtek Radwanski Vladimir Agaev, a columnist for RIA Novosti

In the Royal castle in the Polish capital hosted a summit of the Visegrad countries — Hungary, Poland, Czech Republic and Slovakia — at the level of heads of governments. The main event was the ceremony of transfer of presidency in the group from Poland to Hungary. The main feature is that it also the Prime Ministers of four East European States were invited the representatives of the Benelux countries: the Netherlands, Belgium and Luxembourg.

The young Republic — members of the European Union, which entered into him after the collapse of the socialist bloc, met with the founding fathers of the EU — the three oldest monarchies. They discussed the Brexit, the problems of migration, relations with Russia and the need to reform the European community. In fact, the exchange of views all over — any fateful decisions and the historic declarations of the summit was not accepted. Moreover, after participants made very contradictory statements.

After may 1, 2004 when all four countries joined the European Union, of the community, a new purpose: it brought together young members of the EU, representing the former Eastern bloc and the strikingly different from their Western partners. Including the Benelux countries of Netherlands, Belgium and Luxembourg — made in the EU from the day of its Foundation in 1992, and included among its founders.

Held on the eve of the summit, visegrady arrived with a load of serious problems regarding their relations with Brussels. A few days earlier, the European Commission announced that it will deal with the Czech Republic, Poland and Hungary due to non-compliance by these countries with EU legislation, namely because of the refusal to accept quota refugees, distributed between the member States of the European community in 2015.

In particular, the Czech Republic took on its territory, only 12 migrants from the 2600 and, as stated by the head of the interior Ministry Milan khovanets, more in the framework of mandatory quotas until the end of the year is not to take anyone — while the deadline set by the European Union, expires in September.

Similarly behaved Hungary and Poland. In response, Brussels has threatened sanctions naughty and gave them a month to fix it. Otherwise, they can cut the subsidy payments, or impose monetary penalties.

The Visegrad four and joined by Bulgaria, Romania, Croatia and Slovenia at Ministerial level on economic development there, in Warsaw, shortly before the summit signed the so-called Belvedere Declaration, which spoke out against the project «Europe of two speeds»: in their view, such a policy would significantly weaken the common market and the EU as a whole.

Different views

The issue of migration has become one of the main themes of the summit. According to Viktor Orban, the original divisions in this region have made themselves felt.

«We have different approaches and migration policy. There were countries who said they do not want to change the national composition of their countries. Other States living in more heterogeneous reality, defended a different position,» — said the Hungarian Prime Minister.

However, at the beginning of the final press conference, summit participants enthusiastically stated that, despite the fundamental and fundamental differences in approaches to this problem, they still managed to bring closer positions, all agreed that the EU should be a General concept of the struggle with the migration crisis. No one objected to the fact that all EU members have to guard the external borders, migrants at the initial stage must be separated from the refugees, should establish a common list of safe countries from which they come.

However, later the same Viktor Orban said that «the EU will be difficult to develop a common position» on migration.

«We can agree on some individual items. But I doubt we will ever be a common migration policy», — he stressed.

«It is important to continue the dialogue, you need to talk to each other. We must not only talk about sanctions and to respond with new sanctions. We need to find a way out of the Crimean crisis,» said Bettel.

However, neither the bend nor the Benelux do not support the reunification of the Crimea with Russia and a critical attitude to what is happening in Eastern Ukraine. And those and others are convinced that it is necessary to seek a way out of the situation.

«We need to develop a common solution,» — said the head of government of Luxembourg.

And it does not have contradictions on topics such as Brexit and the future of the European Union. The fact that a British exit from the European community will be felt by the economies of all countries — members of EU, none of the participants no doubt. Like the fact that the EU needs a structural reforms and steps for the development of the common market. This, in particular, said Dutch Prime Minister mark Rutte.

«I am convinced that the future of the European Union can be positive only if we maintain unity of all 27 member countries. This requires compliance with certain conditions,» — said Prime Minister of Slovakia Robert fico.

So the hope is that meeting the «old-timers» members of the European Union with «young» Eastern partnership could lead to consensus on all positions, in principle, was untenable. However, the organizer of the summit, Polish Prime Minister Beata Szydlo special illusions do not feed. According to her, it was important «to raise the dialogue to a new level» — that is, the level of foreign Ministers to the heads of government level.

Well, if that was the purpose of the summit, it has certainly been achieved. The participants even stated that now the beginning of a new format of negotiations within the framework of the European Union.