In NPO. Lavochkin told when to sign «moon» Memorandum from ESA

© RIA Novosti / Sergey Pathiterator in fotobanka them. S. A. Lavochkina. Archival photoIn NPO. Lavochkin told when to sign «moon» Memorandum from ESA© RIA Novosti / Sergey Pathiterator the image Bank

The Memorandum with the European space Agency (ESA) under the lunar program will be signed in early July, the head of Scientific production Association (NPO) named after S. A. Lavochkin Sergei Lemeshevsky.

«The lunar program we are all planning, to date, made layouts. All questions concerning the supply resolved, including the devices that are made for ESA,» said the Lemeshevsky reporters during the air show at Paris Le Bourget.

He noted that «to date, on specific instruments of agreement, all signed.» «General Memorandum for the whole lunar program will probably subscribe at the beginning of July,» — said the head of the company.

The head of ESA in Russia Rene Pishel stated that the Agency intends to cooperate with the Russian space Agency in the exploration of the moon project «Luna-glob (Luna-25»), the first mission «Luna-Resource» and «Luna — Resource» lander.

The Russian lunar program provides for the sending to 2019 small demonstration landing station «Luna 25 (Luna-glob»), which is planned to develop basic technologies with a soft landing on the lunar surface.

Blue, bloody and mysterious. Unique pictures of the moon© NASA / LOIRPРовно 50 years ago, the American artificial lunar satellite «lunar Orbiter-1» managed to take photos of the lunar surface and send back 229 frames of high and medium resolution. Other devices were able to get some more pictures of the places where it is possible to land ships, as well as to photograph the polar regions of the planet.In NPO. Lavochkin told when to sign «moon» Memorandum from ESA© NASA / LOIRPРовно 50 years ago, the American artificial lunar satellite «lunar Orbiter-1» managed to take photos of the lunar surface and send back 229 frames of high and medium resolution. Other devices were able to get some more pictures of the places where it is possible to land ships, as well as to photograph the earth’s polar areas.© The Lunar and Planetary InstituteПрограмма «lunar Orbiter» was a series of five automated orbiters, which were launched by the U.S. in the years 1966-1967, with the purpose of mapping the lunar surface. All five flights were successful, 99% of the moon was taken with a resolution of 60 m and better.

On the photo: the surface of the moon taken by the spacecraft «lunar Orbiter-5».In NPO. Lavochkin told when to sign «moon» Memorandum from ESA© The Lunar and Planetary InstituteПрограмма «lunar Orbiter» was a series of five automated orbiters, which were launched by the U.S. in the years 1966-1967, with the purpose of mapping the lunar surface. All five flights were successful, 99% of the moon was taken with a resolution of 60 m and better.

On the photo: the surface of the moon taken by the spacecraft «lunar Orbiter-5».© NASAВо time of the expedition «Apollo-15» American scientists were first used electric LRV. A unique device, developed by Boeing in the late 60-ies, was a four-wheel double conveyer, equipped with the traction motors and two batteries. The use of the vehicle significantly expanded the area of the lunar surface available to astronauts. The car could reach the speed of 13 km/h Total length of the path traversed lunar car in the 15th, 16th, 17th expeditions «Apollo», was 28, 27 and 36 km, respectively.

In pictures: American astronaut Eugene Cernan on the lunar Rover during the expedition «Apollo 17».In NPO. Lavochkin told when to sign «moon» Memorandum from ESA© NASAВо time of the expedition «Apollo-15» American scientists were first used electric LRV. A unique device, developed by Boeing in the late 60-ies, was a four-wheel double conveyer, equipped with the traction motors and two batteries. The use of the vehicle significantly expanded the area of the lunar surface available to astronauts. The car could reach the speed of 13 km/h Total length of the path traversed lunar car in the 15th, 16th, 17th expeditions «Apollo», was 28, 27 and 36 km, respectively.

In pictures: American astronaut Eugene Cernan on the lunar Rover during the expedition «Apollo 17».© NASA / Goddard/Arizona State UniversityКосмический NASA’s Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter continues to study the moon from orbit. Recently, the Agency’s experts were published the Land obtained by the cameras of the LRO probe. As while shooting the Earth and Moon were moving, needed additional image processing algorithms to compensate for this effect.In NPO. Lavochkin told when to sign «moon» Memorandum from ESA© NASA / Goddard/Arizona State UniversityКосмический NASA’s Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter continues to study the moon from orbit. Recently, the Agency’s experts were published the Land obtained by the cameras of the LRO probe. As while shooting the Earth and Moon were moving, needed additional image processing algorithms to compensate for this effect.© NASAПоверхность of the moon is riddled with craters that have arisen as a result of falling of a huge number of meteorites. Attempts to explain the origin of craters began in the late 80-ies of the XVIII century. In addition to meteoritic hypothesis was also put forward volcanic, which was later refuted.In NPO. Lavochkin told when to sign «moon» Memorandum from ESA© NASAПоверхность of the moon is riddled with craters that have arisen as a result of falling of a huge number of meteorites. Attempts to explain the origin of craters began in the late 80-ies of the XVIII century. In addition to meteoritic hypothesis was also put forward volcanic, which was later refuted.© RIA Novosti / Ilya Petliurite in photobanks every year the Moon is getting farther and farther from Earth. For 12 months the distance between them increases by 4 see the Removal of the satellite is the result of gravitational tidal interaction between it and the planet.In NPO. Lavochkin told when to sign «moon» Memorandum from ESA© RIA Novosti / Ilya Petliurite in photobanks every year the Moon is getting farther and farther from Earth. For 12 months the distance between them increases by 4 see the Removal of the satellite is the result of gravitational tidal interaction between it and the planet.© NASA / Goddard/Lunar Reconnaissance OrbiterСпутник Earth was born 4.5 billion years ago. Compared to his current state he originally had a much larger size. The shape of the moon is actually not perfectly round, but egg-shaped because of the influence of Earth’s gravity. In addition, its center of mass is not in the center of the cosmic body, and about two kilometers from the city center.In NPO. Lavochkin told when to sign «moon» Memorandum from ESA© NASA / Goddard/Lunar Reconnaissance OrbiterСпутник Earth was born 4.5 billion years ago. Compared to his current state he originally had a much larger size. The shape of the moon is actually not perfectly round, but egg-shaped because of the influence of Earth’s gravity. In addition, its center of mass is not in the center of the cosmic body, and about two kilometers from the city center.© NASA / SV this image, scientists combined several phases of the lunar Eclipse. This phenomenon represents the immersion of the moon in the conical shadow of the Earth. While our planet is on the same line between the center of the moon and centre the Sun. A lunar Eclipse happens with a strong reduction of the brightness of the disk of the satellite. To distinguish the penumbral, partial and total lunar eclipses. Watch them in any corner of the world where the Moon is above the horizon. The average duration of the Eclipse is several hours.In NPO. Lavochkin told when to sign «moon» Memorandum from ESA© NASA / SV this image, scientists combined several phases of the lunar Eclipse. This phenomenon represents the immersion of the moon in the conical shadow of the Earth. While our planet is on the same line between the center of the moon and centre the Sun. A lunar Eclipse happens with a strong reduction of the brightness of the disk of the satellite. To distinguish the penumbral, partial and total lunar eclipses. Watch them in any corner of the world where the Moon is above the horizon. The average duration of the Eclipse is several hours.© NASA / SDOЕще one of rare natural phenomenon – a solar Eclipse. It occurs due to the fact that the Moon eclipses the Sun’s surface completely or partially. It can be seen only during a new moon, when rotated to the planet is the part of the moon is not fully illuminated, that is, it is not visible to the naked eye.In NPO. Lavochkin told when to sign «moon» Memorandum from ESA© NASA / SDOЕще one of rare natural phenomenon – a solar Eclipse. It occurs due to the fact that the Moon eclipses the Sun’s surface completely or partially. It can be seen only during a new moon, when rotated to the planet is the part of the moon is not fully illuminated, that is, it is not visible to the naked eye.© NASA / Eugene Cernan20 July 1969, the Apollo program achieved its main goals – flight and landing a man on the moon. The first astronauts to set foot on the surface of the moon were Neil Armstrong and Edwin Aldrin. Their stay on the moon lasted 2 hours and 31 minutes. Only the moon was made six moon landings, all six Americans.

In pictures: American astronaut Harrison Schmitt during the last landing on the moon as part of the expedition «Apollo 17».In NPO. Lavochkin told when to sign «moon» Memorandum from ESA© NASA / Eugene Cernan20 July 1969, the Apollo program achieved its main goals – flight and landing a man on the moon. The first astronauts to set foot on the surface of the moon were Neil Armstrong and Edwin Aldrin. Their stay on the moon lasted 2 hours and 31 minutes. Only the moon was made six moon landings, all six Americans.

In pictures: American astronaut Harrison Schmitt during the last landing on the moon as part of the expedition «Apollo 17».© Photo : Roscosmos/Fedor urchincgi the natural phenomenon of sunrises and sunsets, the moon missing, because there is no atmosphere. But there all day you can watch the starry sky, the Sun and the Earth.

Photo: a picture taken by Russian cosmonaut Fyodor by urainum.In NPO. Lavochkin told when to sign «moon» Memorandum from ESA© Photo : Roscosmos/Fedor urchincgi the natural phenomenon of sunrises and sunsets, the moon missing, because there is no atmosphere. But there all day you can watch the starry sky, the Sun and the Earth.

Photo: a picture taken by Russian cosmonaut Fyodor by urainum.© RIA Novosti / Vladimir Sergeevicha in Photobacterium is an astronomical phenomenon when the full moon coincides with the moment of closest approach the moon and Earth and moon seem 14% bigger and 30% brighter than usual.In NPO. Lavochkin told when to sign «moon» Memorandum from ESA© RIA Novosti / Vladimir Sergeevicha in Photobacterium is an astronomical phenomenon when the full moon coincides with the moment of closest approach the moon and Earth and moon seem 14% bigger and 30% brighter than usual.© NASAИз for lack of on the moon wind and moisture, traces of the astronauts who visited the moon for nearly 50 years remain unchanged.

Photo: a trace of American astronaut buzz Aldrin, left during the mission «Apollo 11» on the moon.In NPO. Lavochkin told when to sign «moon» Memorandum from ESA© NASAИз for lack of on the moon wind and moisture, traces of the astronauts who visited the moon for nearly 50 years remain unchanged.

Photo: a trace of American astronaut buzz Aldrin, left during the mission «Apollo 11» on the moon.© RIA Novosti / Michael Voiceoperated in photobacteria is the only planet in the Solar system where it is possible to observe the total solar Eclipse, which occurs as a result of the fact that the Moon eclipses the Sun’s surface. At the same time in any point of the Earth, this phenomenon can be seen on average once every 360 years.In NPO. Lavochkin told when to sign «moon» Memorandum from ESA© RIA Novosti / Michael Voiceoperated in photobacteria is the only planet in the Solar system where it is possible to observe the total solar Eclipse, which occurs as a result of the fact that the Moon eclipses the Sun’s surface. At the same time in any point of the Earth, this phenomenon can be seen on average once every 360 years. /

In 2020 will go to the moon orbiting spacecraft «Luna-26 (Luna-Resurs OA»). It will remotely explore the moon, revolving in the orbit of about 200 km during this year, the satellite will be transferred twice for several days on orbit with a low periapsis (about 50 kilometers) to conduct detailed studies of the lunar surface. Next, the spacecraft will be transitioned to the orbit altitude of 500-700 kilometers, which will be implemented astrophysical experiment LORD, aimed at the study of cosmic rays and neutrinos of ultrahigh energies.

A year later, in 2021, the South pole of the moon will be sent to the lander «Luna-27 (Luna-Resurs PA») with cryogenic deep-drill installation. This unit will be equipped with a system of high-precision and secure fit that will significantly improve the accuracy of the landing (3 miles), and thereby improve the choice of preferred place of scientific research.

In the fourth phase in 2024 on the moon is scheduled to send automatic space station «Luna 29 (Luna-Grunt») gruntubelem device, technical means of collection and incubation of soil samples and deliver the samples to Earth for further research.

Space news in pictures, may 2017© NASA / JPL-Caltech/Space Science InstituteНаучная team Cassini has published pictures of Saturn’s rings, where you can see his shadow, gradually diminishing in length as it approaches Saturn the day of the vernal equinox.In NPO. Lavochkin told when to sign «moon» Memorandum from ESA© NASA / JPL-Caltech/Space Science InstituteНаучная team Cassini has published pictures of Saturn’s rings, where you can see his shadow, gradually diminishing in length as it approaches Saturn the day of the vernal equinox.© NASA / ESA, NRAO/AUI/NSF and G. Dubner (University of Buenos Aires)NASA published the most detailed image of the crab nebula, also known as NGC 1952 and Taurus A, layer-by-layer assembled from images taken in different bands of the electromagnetic spectrum.In NPO. Lavochkin told when to sign «moon» Memorandum from ESA© NASA / ESA, NRAO/AUI/NSF and G. Dubner (University of Buenos Aires)NASA published the most detailed image of the crab nebula, also known as NGC 1952 and Taurus A, layer-by-layer assembled from images taken in different bands of the electromagnetic spectrum.© Photo : Roscosmos/Oleg Deviceprofile spacesuits and spacecraft before returning to Earth cosmonaut Oleg Novitsky and Tom Sand.In NPO. Lavochkin told when to sign «moon» Memorandum from ESA© Photo : Roscosmos/Oleg Deviceprofile spacesuits and spacecraft before returning to Earth cosmonaut Oleg Novitsky and Tom Sand.© NASA/JPL-Caltech/SwRI/MSSS/Betsy Asher Hall/Gervasio RoblesЗонд Juno received the first pictures of the rings of Jupiter and recorded «music» arising from the interaction between the magnetic fields of the giant planet with the solar wind particles.In NPO. Lavochkin told when to sign «moon» Memorandum from ESA© NASA/JPL-Caltech/SwRI/MSSS/Betsy Asher Hall/Gervasio RoblesЗонд Juno received the first pictures of the rings of Jupiter and recorded «music» arising from the interaction between the magnetic fields of the giant planet with the solar wind particles.© NASAСнимок of the moon taken from the International space station one of the crew members.In NPO. Lavochkin told when to sign «moon» Memorandum from ESA© NASAСнимок of the moon taken from the International space station one of the crew members.© NASA / ESA, and J. Lotz and the HFF Team (STScI)Scientists published images of the clusters Abell 370, consisting of several hundred galaxies bound by mutual gravitation. The cluster located in the constellation of the whale, was a giant natural telescope, through a gravitational lens which can be seen even more distant space.In NPO. Lavochkin told when to sign «moon» Memorandum from ESA© NASA / ESA, and J. Lotz and the HFF Team (STScI)Scientists published images of the clusters Abell 370, consisting of several hundred galaxies bound by mutual gravitation. The cluster located in the constellation of the whale, was a giant natural telescope, through a gravitational lens which can be seen even more distant space.© Photo : Twitter/Intl. Space StationАмериканские members of the crew of the International space station, NASA astronauts Peggy Whitson and Jack Fisher after a delay related to the problem of gear Fisher, came out in open space maintenance space station.In NPO. Lavochkin told when to sign «moon» Memorandum from ESA© Photo : Twitter/Intl. Space StationАмериканские members of the crew of the International space station, NASA astronauts Peggy Whitson and Jack Fisher after a delay related to the problem of gear Fisher, came out in open space for maintenance of the space station.© Photo : ALMA (ESO/NAOJ/NRAO)/L. Matrà/M. A. MacGregorМикроволновая Observatory ALMA received this month are the most precise to date pictures of the «eye of Sauron» — the star Fomalhaut surrounded by a «burning» ring of dust and gas, resulting from the collision of comets and asteroids.In NPO. Lavochkin told when to sign «moon» Memorandum from ESA© Photo : ALMA (ESO/NAOJ/NRAO)/L. Matrà/M. A. MacGregorМикроволновая Observatory ALMA received this month are the most precise to date pictures of the «eye of Sauron» — the star Fomalhaut surrounded by a «burning» ring of dust and gas, resulting from the collision of comets and asteroids.© Photo : Roscosmos/Fyodor Yurchikhin, the Cosmonaut Fyodor Yurchikhin photographed from the ISS to the clouds, formed a bizarre pattern. «Curls Of Nature. It would like to call this picture» — he wrote.In NPO. Lavochkin told when to sign «moon» Memorandum from ESA© Photo : Roscosmos/Fyodor Yurchikhin, the Cosmonaut Fyodor Yurchikhin photographed from the ISS to the clouds, formed a bizarre pattern. «Curls Of Nature. It would like to call this picture» — he wrote.© Photo : ESA/Hubble & NASAКосмический the Hubble space telescope photographed the nebula Sh2-308, which surrounds the EZ star included in the constellation Canis major. The star is surrounded by bubbles of gas formed as a result of radiation intense radiation in the surrounding space.In NPO. Lavochkin told when to sign «moon» Memorandum from ESA© Photo : ESA/Hubble & NASAКосмический the Hubble space telescope photographed the nebula Sh2-308, which surrounds the EZ star included in the constellation Canis major. The star is surrounded by bubbles of gas formed as a result of radiation intense radiation in the surrounding space.© Photo : NASA, ESA, C. Kiss (Konkoly Observatory), and J. Stansberry (STScI)Scientists have found that the dwarf planet 2007 OR10, the third largest object in the Kuiper belt after Pluto and Eris revolves around the Sun not alone but in the company of a small moon with a diameter of 250-350 km.In NPO. Lavochkin told when to sign «moon» Memorandum from ESA© Photo : NASA, ESA, C. Kiss (Konkoly Observatory), and J. Stansberry (STScI)Scientists have found that the dwarf planet 2007 OR10, the third largest object in the Kuiper belt after Pluto and Eris revolves around the Sun not alone but in the company of a small moon with a diameter of 250-350 km.© NASAНАСА published the probe «Cassini», which is visible to the North pole of Saturn’s moon Enceladus, covered with lots of craters. This fact indicates that it has not been updated for quite a long period of time.In NPO. Lavochkin told when to sign «moon» Memorandum from ESA© NASAНАСА published the probe «Cassini», which is visible to the North pole of Saturn’s moon Enceladus, covered with lots of craters. This fact indicates that it has not been updated for quite a long period of time.© Photo : Roskosmetika cosmonaut Oleg Novitsky, while on Board the ISS, has joined the campaign «Immortal regiment». «My grandparents Novitskys Ivan Ignatievich and Anna begins. Grandfather Vanya partisans then fought in the units of the regular army, was seriously wounded. Grandma was also a partisan,» — said the astronaut.In NPO. Lavochkin told when to sign «moon» Memorandum from ESA© Photo : Roskosmetika cosmonaut Oleg Novitsky, while on Board the ISS, has joined the campaign «Immortal regiment». «My grandparents Novitskys Ivan Ignatievich and Anna begins. Grandfather Vanya partisans then fought in the units of the regular army, was seriously wounded. Grandma was also a partisan,» — said the astronaut.© Photo : ESO/Y. BeletskyЯсная weather helped to make the experts of the European southern Observatory in Chile Paranal a razor-sharp picture of the moon and Venus.In NPO. Lavochkin told when to sign «moon» Memorandum from ESA© Photo : ESO/Y. BeletskyЯсная weather helped to make the experts of the European southern Observatory in Chile Paranal a razor-sharp picture of the moon and Venus.© Photo : Roscosmos/Fedor Yurchenkova Fyodor Yurchikhin aboard the ISS photographed the Russian spaceships «Soyuz» and «Progress» against the background of the Earth.In NPO. Lavochkin told when to sign «moon» Memorandum from ESA© Photo : Roscosmos/Fedor Yurchenkova Fyodor Yurchikhin aboard the ISS photographed the Russian spaceships «Soyuz» and «Progress» against the background of the Earth. /

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