The money spent on the establishment of nurseries in Russia will pay off, says expert

© Fotolia / olesiabilkeiДетский garden. Archival photo<img src="/wp-content/uploads/sites/5/2017/06/a695684095f9b9ae046a6a21ff02a77a.jpg" alt="The money spent on the establishment of nurseries in Russia will pay off, says expert” />© Fotolia / olesiabilkei

All the money spent on the creation of nursery groups in Russia, is guaranteed to be repaid by the contribution of new working mothers in the country’s GDP, the Director of the Institute for social analysis and forecasting Ranhigs Tatiana Maleva. The Director of the Center for Economics of continuous education of the Academy Tatyana Klyachko warns that the solution to the problem of shortage of places in nursery must be approached taking into account the emerging fertility decline to continue to avoid an overabundance of preschool institutions.

On Monday, Russian President Vladimir Putin held a meeting on demographic policy. The head of state proposed to solve the problem with shortage of places in nurseries similarly implemented the program of construction of kindergartens.

Contribution to GDP

Maleva believes that any amount of funds to create a nursery will pay off. «We should consider not only the money that we spend, and the effect that this will bring several million mothers who would like to work, but I can’t get out, will create GDP and provide for their families instead of standing in line for child support in the amount of 400 rubles a month,» said Maleva.

According to her, families with children are in the most difficult situation after fifteen years of the child — this support is provided, and it is significant. «After one and a half years, the support will end, and mother ready to go to work, but they can’t because kindergartens are still closed to them. Someone may be ready by the end of the year to work, but the so-called early nursery we are almost there, the problem is not solvable even the growth of kindergartens,» — said the expert.

According to the Director of the Center for Economics of continuous education of the Russian Academy of national economy Tatiana Klyachko, problem with kindergartens for children from three to seven years in Russia «more or less solved.» «The question to an earlier age still especially did not stand, because it was believed that the mother will carry the child up to three years. But now there was another problem: we have reduced the number of the working population, a growing number of pensioners and the need to maintain a fairly quick exit mothers to work. But if we want them to go to work or if we want young girls get a good education and not remain then without a professional education, we also need to enable them to support their children in good institutions» — said Klyachko.

«Early nursery could help women return to the labour market, and at the same time it would have worked on the idea of poverty of families with children. Because the salary of a second family member is an important element of the domestic budget,» confirms Maleva.

Statistics

According to Klyachko, at the beginning of 2017 from the total number of children who go to kindergartens and nurseries, children up to 3 years, only 14.4% in cities and towns, in rural areas the proportion has slightly more of 16.6%. Total children 1-2 years in preschool institutions, slightly more than one million.

«To years old children in nurseries little — there are regions where there are no children in the nursery. Here it is necessary to clarify the reasons for this situation: don’t want mothers to give up babies up to a year in the nursery or the reasons that they are not satisfied with the terms. We must understand that in the nursery the children were sick, so mom will still not work at this time, and to care for a sick child,» — said the expert.

«Accordingly, we now say that until the year a child should be with mother, and after a year already it is necessary to solve the question that he could either whole day when the mother works, or part of a day to be in preschool», — said the Agency interlocutor. According to her, now in kindergartens, where possible, trying to create a nursery space, but it isolated measures, but a global solution does not exist yet. «Besides, it’s not only need and highly qualified staff working at the nursery because it is not simple and depends on it very much — the child’s health, development, peace mothers», says Klyachko.

The danger of excess

According to Klyachko, to solve the problem of shortage of places in nursery must be approached taking into account the emerging fertility decline.

«The problem is that we have long followed the growth of birth rate, and therefore we don’t have a particularly free places in kindergartens, at one time in 90 years, we have closed kindergartens, and then had to build them, open. Now, we have no places where it was possible for these children to place, consequently, the question arises: to build a new nursery, to allow individuals to do a small nursery so the children could contain, and how they need to organize it? This is now a problem that must be addressed, because if we now set up very much, after some time, the demographics will go down again, and, accordingly, we receive a surplus of places in preschool institutions, and will solve the problem of what to do next,» said Klyachko.

While Malev is confident that the deficiency of preschool institutions in Russia is so deep and serious that the oversupply will not. «Not to worry, the deficit is such that we now it is once cut, the fear that we something extra build – no,» she said.

However, Maleva confirms the upcoming demographic changes and offers in the case of release of premises in the future to continue to provide them sotsuslugi. «It all depends on the flexibility of all structures. Yes, the decline in the birth rate may be, the need for kindergartens and nurseries will be reduced, we passed it in the nineties, when moved in the banks, joint-stock companies. Not have gardens to give away. On the basis of a free-standing building – kindergarten – it is possible to leave the object of social purpose, to open a music school, sports school, art school – that is, those organizations that continue to provide sotsuslugi, not necessarily there just to do the shop. And the population will thank you for this,» — said the expert.

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