The probe Mars reconnaissance Orbiter photographed the Rover on the top of mount sharp

© NASA / JPL-Caltech/ Univ. ArizonaФотография of the Mars Rover Curiosity at the top of mount sharp from the probe MROThe probe Mars reconnaissance Orbiter photographed the Rover on the top of mount sharp© NASA / JPL-Caltech/ Univ. of Arizona

The HiRISE camera on Board the probe Mars reconnaissance Orbiter has obtained pictures of the Mars Rover Curiosity continues to move to the top of mount sharp and is currently a temporary Parking lot «live» dunes on its upper slopes, according to NASA.

The Curiosity Rover is the fourth year running on the surface of Mars, receiving unique information about its past and present shape. The last two years, the fourth Rover NASA is addressing one problem – he’s trying to get to the top of mount sharp in the Central part of the crater Gale.

This mountain, as the scientists explain, is a kind of layered «cake» of sediment accumulated on the lake bottom, which existed at the bottom of Gale crater in the distant past when Mars had a thick atmosphere, and oceans were relatively warm.

The study of its rocks have already helped John Grotzinger, scientific head of the mission, and his colleagues to find out looked like lakes of Mars in different periods of its existence, and to prove that they were warm and suitable for life for nearly a billion years.

Now Curiosity is at the top of the mountains, the so-called «plateau of the Naukluft», where it is overlain by rocks formed at a time when Mars began to lose its atmosphere and water and gradually became dry. Recently the Rover has discovered an unusual Deposit of sand in this part of the plateau, which showed that the red planet continued to remain «wet» much longer than previously thought by scientists.

The probe MRO occasionally receives photos of the Mars Rover which is helping scientists to track the route of its movement to the top of mount sharp and looking for new deposits of sedimentary rocks, the study of which can expand our understanding of how Mars has evolved in the past.

Latest photos of Curiosity from HiRISE camera aboard MRO, has captured the Rover during a stop at the edge of the so-called dunes of Bagnold – «live» accumulations of sand, which gradually moves across the slopes of mount sharp by the wind. Near their Eastern edge, as the scientists tell, there are quite large deposits of hematite «iron» the mineral, formed on Earth in hot keys, and volcanic lakes.

As hoped the science team of Curiosity, the study of these deposits, named in honor of astronomer Vera Rubin, who discovered dark matter, will help you understand, were taken from the water on the surface of Mars in the period when the red planet was no longer able to keep her from evaporating into space.