Hubble photographed the galaxy, «is aimed» at us the black hole

© Photo : ESA/Hubble & NASAГалактика J143450.5+033843 in the constellation Virgo, which we see flatHubble photographed the galaxy, «is aimed» at us the black hole© Photo : ESA/Hubble & NASA

Orbital Observatory «Hubble» photographed relatively close to our galaxy in the constellation Virgo, good location which allows scientists to directly follow the life of a black hole at its center, the website of the space telescope.

As of today, say the astronomers, in the center of each galaxy resides a supermassive black hole, constantly absorbing the gas and dust from the accretion disk – shaped accumulation of matter immediately surrounding it. Some of this gas and dust ejected by the black hole in form of jets, thin bundles of gas, accelerated to nearly the speed of light and emit huge amounts of energy in the form of light and x-rays.

Theoretical calculations show that the black hole and the accretion disk, in turn, should be surrounded by a very dense «donut» of gas and dust, which prevents the propagation of the jet and the accretion disk. Because of this similar galaxy can look quite different if we look at them from different angles of view.

In the last few years, these theories, through observations of Hubble for very distant galaxies, you begin to be questioned, and so scientists today are actively seeking and exploring the galaxy, whose «doughnut» of dust is tilted in such a way that we can see the black hole and its immediate environment.

A striking example of this is the galaxy 2XMM J143450.5+033843 in the constellation Virgo, far from us 400 million light years, a relatively short distance by space standards.

This galaxy, in addition to its strategic location relative to the milky Way and Earth, is completely ordinary in all other respects – it is a normal spiral galaxies and among the so-called «objects of Seyfert» galaxies, in which there is an active black hole.

How to show new pictures of Hubble, the black hole absorbs a huge amount of matter and throws part of it in the form of jets. Observe its glow, as scientists hope, will help us understand whether or not all supermassive black holes behave the same way or the same time, scientists do not understand the mechanisms of evolution and growth of galaxies and their largest inhabitants.