Soviet horror, Western and Comedy: ten best domestic films

© RIA to Novoshepelychi in fotobanka from the movie the diamond arm (directed by Leonid Gaidai). Actors John Travolta (left) in the role Gorbunova, Andrei Mironov in the role Kozodoeva and Nina Grebeshkova in the role of GorbunkovaSoviet horror, Western and Comedy: ten best domestic films© RIA to Novoshepelychi the image Bank

Domestic filmmakers celebrate their professional holiday — Day of Russian cinema. The date itself was changed several times, but since 2001, the Ministry of culture established the festival over the August 27. On this day in 1919, the Sovnarkom adopted a decree on the nationalization of film production in Soviet Russia. RIA Novosti has collected the most popular among Russian viewers of national films in different genres.

Action: «pirates of the XX century»
© Photo : film Studio named after M. Gorky, 1979Кадр from the movie «pirates of the XX century»(1979)Soviet horror, Western and Comedy: ten best domestic films© Photo : film Studio named after M. Gorky, 1979Кадр from the movie «pirates of the XX century»(1979)

The Soviet action film directed by Boris Durov «pirates of the XX century» — the absolute leader of the domestic box office. After the premiere in 1980, the film looked 87,6 million viewers. By 1990, this figure had grown to 120 million. The plot, based on real events, the team of the Soviet cargo vessel with modern pirates. The bandits seized the ship carrying opium for pharmacological purposes, and trying to get rid of the crew.

The output of the highest-grossing Russian films were under threat after the first private screening of the Central Committee wanted to send «on the shelf». From oblivion the tape saved Leonid Brezhnev. The Secretary General was delighted by the movie and told him to release it in wide release. Students often skipped lessons again to revisit the «Pirates», so some theaters even cancelled the morning sessions.

Horror: Viy
© Photo : Mosfilm (1967)still from the film «Viy». 1967Soviet horror, Western and Comedy: ten best domestic films© Photo : Mosfilm (1967)still from the film «Viy». 1967

The first and only Soviet horror was filmed by Konstantin Ershov and Georgii Kropachev, the novel of Nikolai Gogol. In 1968’s Viy looked 32.6 million viewers. The film also was released abroad in USA, France, Finland and Argentina.

Interestingly, in the role pannochki Natalya Varley approved after the start of filming, originally to withdraw was Alexander Zavyalov. The main character Khoma Brutus, brilliantly played by Leonid Kuravlev and the role of the main monster the Wii — acrobat Nikolay Stepanov. Spirits of lower rank also played circus performers.

The Western (Eastern): «the Elusive Avengers»
© Photo : Mosfilm, 1967Кадр from the film «the Elusive Avengers»(1967)Soviet horror, Western and Comedy: ten best domestic films© Photo : Mosfilm, 1967Кадр from the film «the Elusive Avengers»(1967)

One of the first national westerns, but rather, «yesternow», as they call Soviet counterparts that American genre painting was «Elusive Avengers». The history of the adventures of four teenagers during the Civil war became the leader of hire in 1967. A film by Edmond Keosayan looked 54 million viewers.

The picture is removed on motives of the novel «the Red devils». Valery schoolboy, Yashka the Gypsy, orphan Danka and Ksanka Susi taking revenge on the gang of ataman Burnash, for what he Budyonny takes them into the ranks of the red army. In the Wake of the popularity of the «Elusive Avengers» appeared Patriotic such classic westerns as «White sun of the desert» and «home among strangers, a stranger among his own».

Comedy: «the diamond arm»
© RIA to Novoshepelychi in fotobanka from the movie «the diamond arm»Soviet horror, Western and Comedy: ten best domestic films© RIA to Novoshepelychi in fotobanka from the movie «the diamond arm»

«A cinematographic novel in two parts from the life of smugglers» — the slogan of the most popular domestic Comedy. «Diamond hand» was seen in 76.7 million viewers. Thus, eccentric Comedy directed by Leonid Gaidai takes the third place among the leaders of the Soviet hire.

Despite a stellar cast: Yuri Nikulin, Andrei Mironov, Anatoly Papanov, the censors hardly missed a movie. Only thanks to the ingenuity of the Director’s key scenes were not cut. «Diamond hand» instantly taken away on citations, and sounding in the film song — «Song about hares», «the Island of bad luck» and «Help me» still hits home feasts and karaoke.

The melodrama «Moscow does not believe in tears»
© RIA to Novoshepelychi in fotobanka from the movie «Moscow does not believe in tears». In the role of Gosha — Alexei Batalov.Soviet horror, Western and Comedy: ten best domestic films© RIA to Novoshepelychi in fotobanka from the movie «Moscow does not believe in tears». In the role of Gosha — Alexei Batalov.

Romance directed by Vladimir Menshov with Vera Alentova and by Aleksey Batalov in the lead roles became classics not only domestic but also world cinema. In 1981, the film has received «Oscar» in the category «Best foreign language film». «Moscow does not believe in tears» takes the second place among the leaders of the Soviet hire. It looked for 84.4 million.

Saying US President Ronald Reagan was revised several times the story of three friends-provincials before meeting with Mikhail Gorbachev in 1985: in this way he hoped to comprehend the mystery of the Russian soul.

The film-catastrophe «Crew»
© Photo : Mosfilm, 1979Кадр from the movie «the Crew»(1979)Soviet horror, Western and Comedy: ten best domestic films© Photo : Mosfilm, 1979Кадр from the movie «the Crew»(1979)

«The crew» Alexander Mitta is considered the first Russian disaster film. In this first part of the film about the personal lives of the crew belongs to the genre of domestic melodrama. In the second part of heroes to save the victim from the earthquake, aircraft with passengers.

For the film production with the working title «Reserve of strength» and has allocated a very modest budget. The movie was long and hard — it was finding the decommissioned aircraft. In the end all the efforts paid off. The tape was a huge success at the box office, it was watched by 71 million viewers.

Detective: «Ten little Indians»
© Photo : Odessa film Studio, 1987Кадр from the movie «Ten little Indians»(1987)Soviet horror, Western and Comedy: ten best domestic films© Photo : Odessa film Studio, 1987Кадр from the movie «Ten little Indians»(1987)

Detective Thriller Stanislav Govorukhin 1987 — one of the best adaptations of the novel by Agatha Christie. Unlike the British and American versions of the Soviet tape to keep the original name and a pessimistic ending. The film is watched by 33.2 million viewers.

Despite the fact that Stanislav Govorukhin has made changes in the circumstances of the death of some characters, the audience and critics have noted the proximity of the picture to text Christie.

Fiction: «the amphibian Man»
© Photo : thumbnail, 1961Кадр from the film «the amphibian Man»(1961)Soviet horror, Western and Comedy: ten best domestic films© Photo : thumbnail, 1961Кадр from the film «the amphibian Man»(1961)

Scenario fiction drama based on the novel by Alexander Belyaev almost ten years spent at the Studio «Lenfilm». The Directors did not decide to undertake adaptation due to the complexity of the game shooting under water. Even Walt Disney, who was also interested in the novel by the Soviet writer, refused this idea, do not think of how to implement it.

Finally, the Director Vladimir Chebotarev, who had experience in science fiction, there was an adventurous plan. Starring Vladimir Korenev and Anastasiya Vertinskaya was trained scuba at the Leningrad Institute of physical culture and coped with the shooting at a depth of 18-20 meters. The film became a leader in the rental of 1962. It was watched by 65 million viewers.

Military: «the dawns here are quiet»
© RIA to Novoshepelychi in fotobanka from the film «dawns here are quiet…»Soviet horror, Western and Comedy: ten best domestic films© RIA to Novoshepelychi in fotobanka from the film «dawns here are quiet…»

The two-part film of Stanislav Rostotsky 1967, filmed on the cult novel by Boris Vasilyev. After the book of the film-the veteran was one of the most beloved and popular films about the great Patriotic war. The tape was watched by 66 million people.

He Rostotsky said that he dedicated the painting to the nurse who carried him from the battlefield and saved a life. For young Actresses, who played the female anti-aircraft gunners, in addition to Olga Ostroumova, «the dawns here are quiet» was the debut on the big screen.

Musical: «carnival night»
© RIA to Novoshepelychi in photobacteria Yuri Belov and Lyudmila Gurchenko in a film «carnival night»Soviet horror, Western and Comedy: ten best domestic films© RIA to Novoshepelychi in photobacteria Yuri Belov and Lyudmila Gurchenko in a film «carnival night»

A musical Comedy by Eldar Ryazanov became the first film released on the big screen, and the second major role Lyudmila Gurchenko. Despite the fact that the actress initially failed the tests, and instead, Lena had to play Irina Skobtseva, on the third day of filming, it became clear that Gurchenko to be returned.

Bright and cheerful musical film was a real event in post-war cinema. The magazine «Soviet screen» recognized as the best picture of 1957. «Carnival night» was seen by 48 million viewers. This musical is still one of the most beloved Christmas films of Russians.

Source