The assumption: the mysteries of the «second Passover»

© RIA Novosti / Oleg Makeupdate in fotobanka burial of the mother of GodThe assumption: the mysteries of the «second Passover»© RIA Novosti / Oleg Makeupdate in photovacation of Skripunov

The Holy city of three religions Jerusalem twice a year becomes a Russian. Both times at Easter: the second Passover is called the feast of the assumption of the virgin. About why the holiday is called and what kind of mysteries are associated with it — in the material RIA Novosti.

Theologians argue

Oddly enough, it is meaningful to the Christian calendar, the event is not mentioned in Scripture. We only know that just before his death on the cross Jesus Christ bequeathed to his mother’s «sons» the Apostle John, his beloved disciple. «And from that hour the disciple took Her to his own,» writes the Apostle John in his gospel.

Modern scholars have noted that the documentary evidence about the fate of the virgin Mary has almost no up to V century of direct instructions on it in the writings of the Church fathers are absent. Meanwhile in the Catholic Church it is believed that the feast of the assumption existed since the days of the apostles. The oldest written legend of the death of the virgin is the Transitus Sanctae Mariae treatise, preserved in Greek, Latin, Syriac, and Ethiopian languages. Theologians argue about the time of onset of labor. Most of them date it to the VI century, at the same time in the Church tradition includes the celebration of the assumption.

The word «assumption» is translated from old Slavonic as «peaceful death». Another meaning is «dream». Exactly what is understood in Christianity death as a transition from earthly life to eternal life. And every divine service, the believers pray for «Christian death belly pain, an honourable, peaceful».

«Throughout our life we are striving for the fullness of life promised us by the Lord; whether we know it or not, this fullness can only be found in God. And knowing that it is Holy, and the faithful indeed, and wavering, and not knowing it, and even this life denied, in the day when their soul separated from the body, will appear before the living God, Who is life, Which is joy, beauty… In all ways and the truth and untruth of people looking for this completeness, this inexplicable beauty, this sense and this all-conquering, all-cleansing, all-transforming love…» — wrote about the meaning of the feast by a famous Orthodox missionary of the twentieth century, Metropolitan Anthony of Sourozh (bloom).

«That’s why we can celebrate today is full of joy the day of the Dormition of the Mother of God… our Joy may be perfect, without tears, without sorrow: the triumph of life; but it is also a testimony to us that the resurrection is not an empty word that the resurrection is not an allegory, but we are all on the word of God will be resurrected and enter into the fullness of our humanity, and soul, and spirit, and flesh in eternity, in the everlasting joy of our Lord», — he noted.

After three days the Apostle Thomas, who is not a funeral, was asked to open the tomb to say goodbye with virgin. «When the Holy apostles, otvalov stone, opened the coffin, she was horrified: in the tomb of the Theotokos’ body was not — alone burial shroud, spread a wonderful fragrance; the Holy apostles stood in amazement, wondering what it means! Labasa with tears and reverence, remaining in the tomb the burial shroud, they prayed to the Lord that He revealed to them, where the body of the blessed virgin?» wrote the Holy Hierarch Dimitry of Rostov.

On the same day during the evening meal, stunned the students was a mother of God and welcomed them with the words: «Rejoice! — for I am with you all days». It is believed that from that moment Mary became the main carer of people — Christians believe that its motions listen the Lord himself.

© RIA Novosti / Anton Skipunina Church Uspenia virgin (place of burial) in Jerusalem The assumption: the mysteries of the «second Passover»© RIA Novosti / Anton Skipunina Church Uspenia virgin (place of burial) in Jerusalem

Interesting, but, in contrast to the history of burial, location of the tomb itself has been known since the first century through letters of Dionysius the Areopagite. In 326 Queen Helena, mother of Emperor Constantine, was built on the site of the Basilica, which lasted until the XI century.

The temple that exists to this day, was restored by the crusaders. He is under the earth leading down to 50 degrees. The chapel with a stone, on which was laid the body, has a cruciform shape. In the southern part of the chapel is a special chapel for Muslims, who also venerate the virgin Mary.

«Bridge between worlds»
«The Church year ends with the feast of the assumption of the blessed virgin Mary, and begins the celebration of her Nativity (September 21 — Approx. ed.). Church Indiction (calendar) again, reveal to us a picture of our salvation. Liturgical ornament, which are full of Church tradition, is not merely aesthetic, abstract pattern. Every religious holiday is not just a day in the calendar. It’s filled with symbolism, which is a bridge between different realities. The essence of the holiday is always the invasion of the life world of the divine life and the response of people to this invasion,» explains Archpriest Alexander Ryabkov.

Worship in the feast of the assumption priests in blue robes. This color — mother of God — symbolizes the heavenly purity and chastity. The night before on August 28 from the altar in the center of the temple, and before Easter, endure shroud — a large icon, which depicts the lying in the tomb of the virgin. And 28 or 29 Aug performed the rite of Her burial. Believers seem to have become the participants of those events: on Good Friday, when sovershaetsya the rite of the burial of Christ. This is further evidence of kinship between the two holidays. As well as the fact that the Dormition of the Theotokos is preceded by a strict fast of two weeks.

In the Catholic Church the feast of the assumption (celebrated on August 15. — Approx. ed.) has added two more dates: the Ascension of the virgin Mary and her Coronation. But this is a relatively recent tradition.

© RIA Novosti / Yuri to Sombrerete in fotomasterskie Cathedral of the Moscow KremlinThe assumption: the mysteries of the «second Passover»© RIA Novosti / Yuri to Sombrerete in fotomasterskie Cathedral of the Moscow Kremlin

In Russia, the same assumption has always been one of the most favorite holidays. He is dedicated to the most famous temples ranging from the famous Church of the tithes, ending the assumption Cathedral of the Moscow Kremlin. In honor of the assumption of the virgin, a lot of villages in Russia called endless jokes assumption, Uspenije, Usenkami. Assumption is one of the most common Russian surnames. Why is this holiday so appealing to our ancestors — is also a big mystery.