Orthodox Christians celebrate Walnut Saved

© RIA Novosti / Dmitry to Korobeynikova in potenciana D. Golovchenko VernicleOrthodox Christians celebrate Walnut Saved© RIA Novosti / Dmitry Korobeinikova to the photobank

Orthodox Christians remember on Tuesday the transfer from Edessa to Constantinople miraculous image of Jesus Christ in Russia, this festival had several names.

According to Orthodox Church tradition, the miraculous image of the face of Jesus Christ on a piece of cloth appeared due to the illness of the Governor Abgar V. of Edessa after hearing stories about the wonderful Israeli healer, he wrote him a letter asking for help. But the messengers of Abgar could not get to Jesus, surrounded by a crowd. And then he called them, handed over a letter of reply in which he promised to send to Edessa by one of his disciples, and finally, having washed, wiped her face with a piece of canvas, on which remained the imprint, and passed this first icon as a gift to Abgar.

There is another version of the origin of the Shrine. According to her, the imprint of the face of Jesus appeared on a towel that he wiped the bloody sweat after the prayer in Gethsemane before his agony on the cross. And then the fabric gave king Abgar the Apostle Thaddaeus.

Transferring the image from Edessa to Constantinople took place in the year 944. After the sack of the capital of the Byzantine Empire by the crusaders in 1204, the fate of the Shrine is not known. According to one version, it is kept in the Church of Santa Matilda in the Vatican, on the other — in the Armenian Church of St. Bartholomew in Genoa.

«Icon gives us the ability to see the invisible God, the opportunity to come into contact with the invisible divine reality. If the pictures help us to see the past to understand the spiritual world of the artist and his era, a lot to learn and lot to understand from the past, the icon helps us to see the eternal — past, present, and future, the spiritual world, the reality in which God dwells. Through the icon we with our human eyes peering into this world, and not just look at it, but the icon becomes a kind of conduit for connection with the world. Through the aesthetic image reveals the divine reality, and affects a person so that he can see a different Genesis,» — said in one of his sermons on the occasion of Patriarch Kirill.

In Russia the holiday has several names. In this day it was customary to bake bread from the grains of the new harvest, which was consecrated in the Church. Hence the name «Bread Spas». Another name – «Savior of the Nut feast», as this time was ripe nuts. The feast is called «Savior on the canvas» or the «Savior on the canvas». A less common version is a Small Saved.

This holiday is the third and final in a series of «Spasov» — after the Honeymoon (August 14) and Apple (19 August). Savior of the nut feast is celebrated on the day after the feast of the assumption of the virgin, in some Orthodox churches on this day, August 29, performed the rite of burial of the virgin Mary.