«Come on European habits.» As the Saransk still has to sort the trash

© RIA Novosti / Ilya Petulantly garbage collection in Saransk«Come on European habits.» As the Saransk still has to sort the trash© RIA Novosti / Ilya Pitalev

Separate bins for plastics and cardboard in every yard – a typical picture for the city. For several years he is the winner of the competition of the most comfortable cities in Russia according to the Rosstroy. In another ranking compiled by Greenpeace Russia, Saransk received the title of the most convenient city for separate waste collection.

RIA News visited the Mordovian capital and found out how the authorities were able to accustom citizens to sort waste at home and what prevents the entrepreneurs to develop in the «junk business.»

«Russians do not get to share the debris»

In one of the courtyards of the city a man comes out of the house and going to the garbage site. One package he throws in the tank grey, and empty bottles and plastic packaging in mesh yellow. The other tenants I repeat this ritual: cardboard in one container, bottles in another, and the rest of the garbage in a third.

«Get used to it, it was not difficult – paper and plastic I have a few years stacked next to the trash can in the kitchen and in the morning all stand in the trash. Remember how earlier garbage was thrown from the bucket directly into the tank? Not terribly hygienic. Then it went all the packages. And now the hand does not turn to throw something together with leftovers of plastic. Feel progressive citizen,» explains Eugene.

After the auditor arrives, he watches over all objects in the city and monitors the quality of work. Additionally, drivers of cars are required to photograph the site before and after removal of waste, and in the evening to send pictures of the controllers.

After inspecting several sites, we’re going to the sorting line for the city, where will take the collected paper and plastic.

To help to overcome the habit from the very beginning volunteers from the Federal movement «Eco». One of its members Victoria Serina says that he learned about the separate collection of garbage, when I was in school. At first, the girl accustomed to waste sorting all home, and then took up the education of classmates and neighbors.

«But mom resisted for a long time, said, supposedly the container too far from home and it’s hard for her to walk. But my power of persuasion won,» — says Vika.

To involve volunteers and local authorities. According to Victoria, the Department of social policy and the Department of education of Saransk agreed

© RIA Novosti / Ilya Palavraschave plastic weighs about 300 pounds. Bales taken by the company from Penza, in the factory they process raw materials and make new products.«Come on European habits.» As the Saransk still has to sort the trash© RIA Novosti / Ilya Palavraschave plastic weighs about 300 pounds. Bales taken by the company from Penza, in the factory they process raw materials and make new products.

to work with schools and kindergartens. The emphasis is on children and young people to those homes talked about the processing of your parents.

«The authorities are very sensitive to the shape of Saransk. Next year will be a world Cup – Mordovia needs to Shine,» says the volunteer.

«Gradually, year after year, the purity was higher, and now the cases in a container with a yellow lid fall into the other waste, almost there. So, the situation of the fracture, and then it will be easier,» smiles Victoria.

The old laws and competition

An example of Saransk is rather unusual for Russia. Now, according to activists, the maximum that can achieve – to organize the separate collection of trash in one yard. Svetlana Bagasse complains that Russia still has the old norms SanPiN irrelevant. Second, she notes, there are no state sources of funding. Private business in Saransk, according to her, repaid due to the sale of raw materials for recycling, but the money is barely enough.

«To convince people that separate trash is important – yet this is not the main task, – says the entrepreneur – Legislation is not yet designed support mechanisms musorosortiruyuschih companies, while in other countries they live at the expense of tax deductions».

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