India has commissioned 30 years to build the dam

© Fotolia / Rawpixel.Sontag Mahal, India. Archival photoIndia has commissioned 30 years to build the dam© Fotolia / Rawpixel.com

Prime Minister Narendra My Sunday held a ceremony of official commissioning of the dam the Sardar Sarovar, the construction of which was conducted in 1987.

Dam in the Western state of Gujarat is the Central element of the project of hydraulic structures on the river Narmada constructed to improve irrigation systems and energy supply in States where the river flows. The project of construction of the dam has been 66 years — the first stone in the construction of the building was laid by the first leader of independent India Jawaharlal Nehru in 1961. Full construction began in 1987 but due to legal problems and plans to modernize the construction lasted until July 17, 2017, even though the dam actually started in 2006.

The construction of the dam the Sardar Sarovar during all these years was accompanied by protests, court cases and constant criticism from a section of the public. The reason for this was that due to the construction of the dam will be flooded vast coastal populated areas. Although the vast majority of people were resettled and received compensation, many have tried to challenge in the courts their right to live on the land of their ancestors, which in 1996 led to the suspension of construction for four years by the Supreme court. Some opponents of the project, United in the movement «Narmada, Bachao Andolan» («save the Narmada»), also stated that the number of resettled have not received compensation.

Currently, after several stages of modernization the height of the dam is nearly 139 meters. With a length of 1.2 km and a depth of 163 meters, reservoir storage capacity is 5.8 billion cubic meters. Water for agricultural purposes will benefit about one million farmers and drinking water resources will be available to 40 million people.

Power electrogeraete the plant is 1450 megawatts. The power will be distributed between the three States — Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Gujarat (27%, 57% and 16%, respectively).

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