Schizophrenics die three times more often than other people, scientists have found

© Fotolia / decade3dБазальные gangliaSchizophrenics die three times more often than other people, scientists have found© Fotolia / decade3d

. Carriers of schizophrenia die about three times more often than other people due to chronic diseases, accidents and all other causes, suggesting the need to closely monitor their condition, doctors say in an article published in the journal CMAJ.

«As a rule, the emergence of such a large gap in life expectancy between the two different groups of patients usually makes doctors and officials to seek the reasons for this and try to «close» this hole. This, unfortunately, did not happen when dealing with schizophrenia. In fact, you need to change the whole system of how doctors monitor the health of such patients», — commented on the opening of Philip ward (Philip Ward), a doctor from the University of New South Wales in Liverpool (Australia).

Today schizophrenia affects around 24 million people on the planet. According to who statistics, one in seven people out of thousands is schizophrenic, and many of them are young people aged 15 to 35 years.

At present, among scientists there is no consensus on what causes these disorders and how should they be properly treated. In recent years, geneticists have found a few dozen genes relatively weakly associated with schizophrenia, but scientists to this discovery and could not understand how mutations in these stretches of DNA are a cause of schizophrenia, and how the consequences of these mutations can be eliminated.

The main consequence of the development of schizophrenia, as discovered by Paul Kurdyak (Paul Kurdyak) from the University of Toronto (Canada) and his colleagues, is that its speakers live extremely long in comparison with healthy people. The cause of death, as the researchers note, can be any, starting with chronic diseases ending with the car accident.

To such conclusions the canadian doctors came analyzing the statistics on deaths in Ontario for 20 years, from 1993 to 2012, examining the histories of more than 1.6 million canadian citizens, who died during this period. During this time, as the researchers note, died about 31 thousand carriers of schizophrenia that allowed them to examine what is their life expectancy from the rest of the people of the province.

It turned out that the schizophrenics on average live about 9 years less than the rest of the people, taking into account differences in diet, harmful habits and economic situation. Interestingly, this gap has not changed over the last 20 years, despite the fact that scientists quite a long noticed that people with mental illnesses more likely to get into an accident or suicide end their lives, and trying to deal with it.

According to Kunaka and his colleagues, such a high mortality rate among schizophrenics can be related to the fact that people with such problems very poorly take care of themselves in the development of chronic diseases, more likely to have bad habits, bad diet and not exercising.

All this, scientists believe, should be considered the doctors of the patients who are suffering from schizophrenia and is undergoing treatment for other diseases with a chronic character.