Named after the Russian city with the dirtiest air

© RIA Novosti / Alexander Krajevima fotomontagen in the air. Archival photoNamed after the Russian city with the dirtiest air© RIA Novosti / Alexander Krajevima the image Bank

The Ministry of nature of Russia has compiled a list of 20 cities with the highest level of air pollution, reports the newspaper «Izvestia» with reference to the state Department report «On the state and environmental protection of the Russian Federation».

It is noted that in the top 20 included Birobidzhan, Amur Blagoveschensk, Bratsk, Zima, and Krasnoyarsk, Kyzyl, Lesosibirsk, Magnitogorsk, Nizhnevartovsk, Novokuznetsk, Norilsk, Petrovsk-Zabaykalsky, Selenginsk, Ulan-Ude, Usolye-Sibirskoye, Chegdomyn, Cheremkhovo, Moscow, Chita, Novosibirsk.

According to the ranking in most cities of the far Eastern, Siberian and Ural Federal districts, the level of concentration of pollutants exceeds the limit. According to the publication, in the Siberian Federal district leaders on air pollution was Krasnoyarsk and Altai Krai, Kemerovo, Novosibirsk and Irkutsk region. In the last four in 2016, the figures increased compared to the previous.

«According to the Ministry, over the last three years in Russia the situation with emissions of harmful substances into the atmosphere. In the whole country in 2014-2016, the incidence of asthma associated with air pollution among children has increased by 1.7 times, among adults in half. 15% of the urban population are exposed to high and very high pollution levels. According to the state Department report, the most unfavourable situation is in the regions of the Siberian Federal district — Irkutsk, Kemerovo regions and Altai Krai. Here, there is an increased incidence of asthma,» — said in the message.

It is noted that in Russia the total volume of emissions of polluting substances has increased in recent years. Thus, according to the report, in 2016 in the air hit 31 617,1 thousand tons of harmful impurities, 1.1% more than in the previous year. 55%, accounting for 17 349,3 thousand tons from businesses.

As the newspaper explained in Rospotrebnadzor, causes of poor air quality are the lack of efficient pollution control equipment, use of outdated technologies at the industrial enterprises, thermal power stations and domestic boilers. Errors in the layout and construction of settlements also affect the health of the population — often residential areas are placed near the industrial facilities.