German experts told about the Russian factor in the elections in Germany

© AFP 2017 / Barbara Akhlaghi Russia, Germany and the European Union against the background of the Reichstag in Berlin, Germany. Archival photoGerman experts told about the Russian factor in the elections in Germany© AFP 2017 / Barbara Sax

German experts have told RIA Novosti that while foreign policy is traditionally not played a Central role in the election campaign in Germany, however, the topic of relations with Russia was raised by all its members.

Russian themes were presented in different aspects: from the question of the sanctions policy to discuss the nomination of former German Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder to the Board of Directors of «Rosneft». A substantial part of the parties declared the possibility of a future improvement of relations between Moscow and Berlin, the Central condition for this is called progress in the Ukrainian settlement.

Elections to the Bundestag, the results of which the new government is formed and appointed the Chancellor, will be held in Germany on September 24. According to numerous polls, the Alliance of the CDU/CSU headed by German Chancellor Angela Merkel is in the lead by a considerable margin, in the second place social Democrats (SPD) led by Martin Schulz.

Unrealized theme

«Russian theme played in the campaign a less dominant role than it should, and for parties, this topic was also more important. But only small parties made the subject of relations with Russia on the agenda. A large «people’s parties» avoided it», — said in an interview with RIA Novosti head of the Center for the study of Central and Eastern Europe of the German Foundation Robert Bosch Foundation, member of the German society for foreign policy Stefan Meister.

According to the expert, despite the fact that in 2016, the social Democrats made an attempt «to distance themselves from the line of the Merkel lead a more Russia-oriented campaign,» this trend has not been fully implemented. Meister is associated with the problems in the relationship, in particular, criticized in the West, Russian military participation in the operation to liberate Aleppo, Syria.

«Frau Merkel knows very well the mood in Germany. From it did not escape that in Germany to a much greater extent than in other European countries, a very pronounced desire to cooperate with Russia. It’s no secret. There are polls that show that almost half of the population was in favor of normalizing relations with Russia,» said RIA Novosti political analyst Alexander Rahr. He added that such sentiments are tied attempts «to build bridges with Russia» by the SPD and the liberals (FDP) and Merkel’s statements about the possible withdrawal of sanctions in case of implementation of the Minsk agreement, joined in the election campaign, all German parties except the Green.

«There are still sanctions. Frau Merkel believes that they should be extended. But I believe that the Russian government is aware that MS Merkel remains the best key to Europe. Mrs. Merkel is a reliable partner, she has contact with Putin, she speaks in Russian. Without Merkel output on Europe is lost,» said RIA Novosti political analyst, former editor of the tabloid BILD am SONNTAG Michael Shpreng, adding that «without Merkel on the issue of sanctions will not change».

According to Springe, the German party did not pedal the theme of Ukrainian conflict during the election campaign, because now it’s «not quite that much touching of the Germans.» Germany was under great impression of the events on the Maidan, «but this little war is not on the agenda», he said.

«I don’t think it’s some interference in the election campaign. This is just another attempt by the Russian authorities to influence the German energy and economic policy. This has caused some damage (image ed) SPD, but I don’t think it was the original intention,» says expert Michael Shpreng.

That the nomination of Schroeder in «Rosneft» should be assessed primarily from a political point of view, told RIA Novosti the German diplomat, former Ambassador of Germany to the USSR and Russia Ernst-Jorg von Studnitz. According to him, «the Federal Chancellor, the Federal President remains a political figure in Germany, and this figure cannot and must not leave the politics». The solution to Schroeder’s «making money» diplomat called «unacceptable.»

During the election campaign in Germany, the FDP leader Christian Lindner, the party which can enter into a future coalition government, announced on 23 August in an interview with Deutsche Welle that in order to «break through the spiral of escalation and arms race» in relations with Russia, «we freeze the Crimean conflict, not recognizing him.» In turn, Chancellor Merkel said that the accession of Crimea to Russia «is contrary to international law» and drew Parallels with the history of the unification of Germany, stating that if «just to recognize the Russian annexation of Crimea, I think: what would have happened if us then in East Germany would be such an attitude, under the motto «Germany divided, there is nothing to change.»

«Lindner’s statement about Crimea – this position shares many German policy, but not publicly, in contrast to Mr. Lindner. But the Chancellor, from my point of view, does not share this position. Namely, it determines the foreign policy. Even if sanctions are partially or completely removed, depending on the situation in the East of Ukraine, Crimea would still be perceived as an occupied territory,» — said Shpreng.

German experts told about the Russian factor in the elections in Germany© RIA Novosti / Alexei Vitvitskiy in potamocorbula compared the annexation of Crimea to Russia with the division of Germany»Crimea will not be recognized by the Russian. It cannot, because it would mean a war, nobody will do it. But the isolation of the Crimea will remain», — said the German diplomat von Studnitz.

«Freezing the Crimean issue is a populist position, far from reality and from the German policy towards Russia and Ukraine. I believe that Lindner had little idea what he was talking about. Of course, all the German politicians know that it always makes a good impression on society when I say: we want good relations with Russia. But specifically, these statements are meaningless for Moscow, they are devoid of content, for them there is no political concept,» — said Stefan Meister.

«I understand it is showing MS Merkel about Crimea that Germany, too, was divided, and then United in a peaceful way. Merkel urged not to bet on a military solution in the current situation the division of Ukraine and Crimea. This problem should be solved peacefully. However, I think that the Chancellor realistic enough to understand that Crimea will return to Ukraine. But maybe she is trying to build bridges and to say: stop the war, focus on diplomacy. Even if this way will last decades, as in the case of divided Germany, a decision can be made only in the following generations», — said the expert of RAR.

Celebrating the third anniversary of the reunification of the Crimea with Russia© RIA Novosti / Vasily Latanoprost fotobank in Sevastopol for a rally in honor of the third anniversary of the reunification of the Crimea with Russia was attended by thousands of citizens. The celebration also was attended by state Duma deputies, representatives of the local self-defense forces and the Cossacks.German experts told about the Russian factor in the elections in Germany© RIA Novosti / Vasily Latanoprost fotobank in Sevastopol for a rally in honor of the third anniversary of the reunification of the Crimea with Russia was attended by thousands of citizens. The celebration also was attended by state Duma deputies, representatives of the local self-defense forces and the Cossacks.© RIA Novosti / Alexander Krauledat in photosangelina the event began with the laying of wreaths at the Memorial wall in honor of the heroic defense of Sevastopol.German experts told about the Russian factor in the elections in Germany© RIA Novosti / Alexander Krauledat in photosangelina the event began with the laying of wreaths at the Memorial wall in honor of the heroic defense of Sevastopol.© RIA Novosti / Alexander Krajevima fotobank in Simferopol took place the concerts of creative collectives of the Crimean. Also in the Crimean capital took place the solemn opening of the all-Russian tournament on Greco-Roman wrestling.German experts told about the Russian factor in the elections in Germany© RIA Novosti / Alexander Krajevima fotobank in Simferopol took place the concerts of creative collectives of the Crimean. Also in the Crimean capital took place the solemn opening of the all-Russian tournament on Greco-Roman wrestling.© RIA Novosti / Alexei to Mangalapura in photobacteria the celebrations were held in all Russian regions. The rally in the centre of Omsk has gathered about three thousand people.German experts told about the Russian factor in the elections in Germany© RIA Novosti / Alexei to Mangalapura in photobacteria the celebrations were held in all Russian regions. The rally in the centre of Omsk has gathered about three thousand people.© RIA Novosti / Vasily Latanoprost fotobank in Novosibirsk participants of the festive events of «Crimean spring! We are together!» gathered at the Theater square. At first they stood in the «round Dance of friendship», and then launched into the sky balloons.German experts told about the Russian factor in the elections in Germany© RIA Novosti / Vasily Latanoprost fotobank in Novosibirsk participants of the festive events of «Crimean spring! We are together!» gathered at the Theater square. At first they stood in the «round Dance of friendship», and then launched into the sky balloons.© RIA Novosti / Alexander Krauledat in fotobank Primorye solemn events on the occasion of the third anniversary of the reunification of the Crimea with Russia received more than 17 thousand people.German experts told about the Russian factor in the elections in Germany© RIA Novosti / Alexander Krauledat in fotobank Primorye solemn events on the occasion of the third anniversary of the reunification of the Crimea with Russia received more than 17 thousand people.© RIA Novosti / Alexei to Mangalapura in potamanthidae of Primorsky Krai Vladimir Miklushevsky took the initiative to make Primorsky Krai and the Republic of Crimea twinned regions.German experts told about the Russian factor in the elections in Germany© RIA Novosti / Alexei to Mangalapura in potamanthidae of Primorsky Krai Vladimir Miklushevsky took the initiative to make Primorsky Krai and the Republic of Crimea twinned regions.© RIA Novosti / Pavel to Listenpreise in fotoannunci rally-concert in Ekaterinburg dedicated to the third anniversary of the reunification of Crimea with Russia.German experts told about the Russian factor in the elections in Germany© RIA Novosti / Pavel to Listenpreise in fotoannunci rally-concert in Ekaterinburg dedicated to the third anniversary of the reunification of the Crimea with Russia.© RIA Novosti / Pavel to Listenpreise fotobank in Yekaterinburg held a flash mob «Sevastopol waltz» with participation of dancing collectives of the city and veterans ‘ organizations.German experts told about the Russian factor in the elections in Germany© RIA Novosti / Pavel to Listenpreise fotobank in Yekaterinburg held a flash mob «Sevastopol waltz» with participation of dancing collectives of the city and veterans ‘ organizations.© RIA Novosti / Alexander Kondratuka in fotoannunci rally in honor of the third anniversary of the reunification of the Crimea with Russia on pedestrian Kirova street in Chelyabinsk.German experts told about the Russian factor in the elections in Germany© RIA Novosti / Alexander Kondratuka in fotoannunci rally in honor of the third anniversary of the reunification of the Crimea with Russia on pedestrian Kirova street in Chelyabinsk.© RIA Novosti / Vitaly to Incomerate fotobank in honor of the third anniversary of the reunification of the Peninsula with Russia, the Russian foreign Ministry devoted to the inhabitants of the Crimea, the song «Sevastopol — flag».German experts told about the Russian factor in the elections in Germany© RIA Novosti / Vitaly to Incomerate fotobank in honor of the third anniversary of the reunification of the Peninsula with Russia, the Russian foreign Ministry devoted to the inhabitants of the Crimea, the song «Sevastopol — flag».© RIA Novosti / Alexander Krauledat in fotobounce wrote employee of the Department of information and press Vasily Kharitonov. Played the song Vladimir Kuklin.German experts told about the Russian factor in the elections in Germany© RIA Novosti / Alexander Krauledat in fotobounce wrote employee of the Department of information and press Vasily Kharitonov. Played the song Vladimir Kuklin.© RIA Novosti / Alexei to Mangalapura in fotobanka again and Sevastopol became the Russian regions after the referendum held on 16 March 2014, in which the majority of inhabitants of the Peninsula voted for entry into structure of Russia.German experts told about the Russian factor in the elections in Germany© RIA Novosti / Alexei to Mangalapura in fotobanka again and Sevastopol became the Russian regions after the referendum held on 16 March 2014, in which the majority of inhabitants of the Peninsula voted for entry into structure of Russia.© RIA Novosti / Vitaly to Incomerate in fotoracconti with Russia was supported by 96.77% of Crimeans and 95.6% of Sevastopol.German experts told about the Russian factor in the elections in Germany© RIA Novosti / Vitaly to Incomerate in fotoracconti with Russia was supported by 96.77% of Crimeans and 95.6% of Sevastopol.© RIA Novosti / Vasily Latanoprost in Photobacterium of Russia Vladimir Putin, the leadership of Crimea and the mayor of the city of Sevastopol on 18 March 2014 signed a Treaty on joining the Republic of Crimea and Sevastopol to the Russian Federation.German experts told about the Russian factor in the elections in Germany© RIA Novosti / Vasily Latanoprost in Photobacterium of Russia Vladimir Putin, the leadership of Crimea and the mayor of the city of Sevastopol on 18 March 2014 signed a Treaty on joining the Republic of Crimea and Sevastopol to the Russian Federation. /

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