In Suzdal, archaeologists found the burial of a «fashionista» of the X century

© Photo : Institute of archaeology Nanographene of a young woman found in Suzdal OpoleIn Suzdal, archaeologists found the burial of a «fashionista» of the X century© Photo : Institute of archaeology Academy of Sciences

Specialists of the Institute of archaeology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, found near the ancient Russian city of Suzdal (Vladimir region) graves, showing that North-Eastern Russia in X-XI centuries was a bustling international commercial and cultural «crossroads», the press service of the Institute.

Suzdal opolye, a vast plateau with low hills in the territory of modern Vladimir and Ivanovo regions, in the middle ages was the «core» of Vladimir-Suzdal. In the middle of the XIX century count Alexey Uvarov has taken this a huge archaeological site. However, the materials of these excavations conducted in accordance with the methods of the time, today, can not serve as a complete source for studying the history of Suzdal land: the field diaries of the excavations Uvarov concise, the drawings and the drawings of burials was prepared, a huge collection was successful and diasporisation.

In 2011, scientists of the Institute of archaeology are working on a large burial ground Chekhova, one of the few that managed to find a burial, are not affected by excavations Uvarov. 1852 it numbered 244 of the mound, and near it was a large settlement of X-XII centuries. Today it is the arable field without any traces of burial mounds.

«With the recent excavation of the burial ground Chekhovo we found the burial of a very cosmopolitan fashionista — in her tomb were about 140 subjects. Including Byzantine and Arabic coins, jewelry Finnish and Slavic types. All this allows us to trace the «far» when the inhabitants of Suzdal land, and to show once again that the then Russia was engaged in an intense cultural and commercial exchange», — said the head of excavations, Director of the Institute of archaeology Nikolai Makarov, whose words are quoted in the message.

We are talking about the grave where the remains of women 20-29 years. In her grave was found about 140 medieval objects, mostly jewelry and clothing items. Her headpiece consisted of a wire temporal rings, necklaces of glass beads with three pendants out of coins, a horseshoe brooch, two bracelets, silver, bronze and glass rings. With his head buried was a massive triangular pendant with pendants. The knees were two arched pendants, volutes, stop rectangular plate pendants, pendants, judging by their position, jewelry shoes. In the suit buried combines Finnish and Slavic jewelry types, the report says.

While the three coins in a necklace, two East (silver «bracteate», coins of coinage on one side, imitation Samanid dirhams Nasr bin Ahmad, were widespread in the second half of X century) and one Byzantine. This silver miliarity of the Emperor Constantine VII Porphyrogenitus and his son and co-Regent Romanus II. He took the Princess Olga in Constantinople, and was the author of the treatise «On the management of the Empire», one of the few sources of information about Rus X century. Byzantine coin occupied a Central position in the necklace.

«Byzantine silver coin — a rare find on ancient monuments. In Suzdal opolie had previously been found only four migliarese, the two found yet count Uvarov, two finds of the last decade of Chekhova and tarbaeva. The new finding is another indication of the widespread international contacts and high welfare of the inhabitants of the «big settlement» in Chekhove,» — said Makarov.

Another important result of the excavations in Chekhove was obtained by scientists new evidence that the North-East of Russia at the end of X — beginning of XI century it was the custom to give buried «bus fare». This tradition was to provide the dead with a coin to pay for the transition to the afterlife known since antiquity, but in Russia such burials are rare and poorly documented.

This time this coin was found in a burial where he was buried a man 20-25 years. In his tomb were found a knife, and half Arab dirham the end of the X century without eyelet and hanging coins as decoration, which played the role of «Obol of the dead», the report says.