RAO has prepared the concept of development of psychological service in schools and universities

© Fotolia / alexsokolovДетский psychologist. Archival photoRAO has prepared the concept of development of psychological service in schools and universities© Fotolia / alexsokolov

Russian Academy of education (RAO) prepared the concept of development of psychological service in the education system of the Russian Federation for the period up to 2025, which involves the development of models of psychological assistance to pupils and students, as well as the establishment of the Federal coordinating Council psychological service at the Ministry of education and science.

Earlier, the Minister of education and science Olga Vasilyeva has repeatedly stated that the schools need to return the rate of psychologists. Currently, according to her, one specialist has 800 students, and kindergartens for 420 children.

«The concept of development of psychological service in the system of education determines the goals, objectives, principles, basic directions and mechanisms of realization of the state policy in the sphere of development of psychological service in the education system of the Russian Federation», — is spoken in the document placed at the disposal of RIA Novosti.

United psychological service

The authors of the concept say that modern scientific research ascertain the irregularity of mental development in children, reducing mental and physical health, increasing the number of students with chronic diseases. In addition, the question arises of the risks of gaming and Internet addictions, aggression and antisocial behavior. The authors attributed these changes including the restructuring of the family institution, to increase access to media and other resources at a low level of information security for children, adolescents and young adults.

According to the concept, the purpose of the psychological service should be professional psychological, psychological-pedagogical, medical and social security tasks, aimed at reducing risks of adaptation disorders or negative socialization of students.

It is expected that the service will provide psychological support and help students in difficult life situations, to promote vocational guidance of pupils, their positive socialization and correction of aggressive, suicidal and violent behaviour. In addition, the service will develop their intercultural competence and tolerance, and also deal with the prevention of xenophobia, extremism and ethnic conflicts.

In addition, among the tasks of the psychological service — promotion of healthy lifestyle, formation of negative attitude to alcohol, drugs, Smoking and other harmful habits. In addition, according to the document, psychological service will work to help the students in overcoming anxiety, fears, phobias, and affective and personality disorders.

Also, the service will be engaged in psychological accompaniment of gifted children to realize their potential, noted in the concept.

As a result of the implementation of the concept is expected to develop and introduce standards of rendering of the psychological help to different categories of students, as well as to develop and test a model of providing multidisciplinary care at different levels of education: schools, colleges, and technical schools, universities and further education.

In addition, for the formation of the unity of psychological services concept involves the creation of a coordination Council under the Ministry of education, which will implement the inter-Agency and intra-Agency interaction. The Council will include representatives of regions of Russia.

«It is necessary to develop normative-legal documentation regulating the internal relationship service professionals, the educational community and parents (or legal guardians of students)», — is spoken in the concept.

Implementation steps and funding

According to the concept, the implementation is implemented in two phases: 2017 — 2020 and 2021 — 2025.

It is expected that the first phase will be developed and changes in the legislation of the Russian Federation and normative legal acts regulating the activities of psychological services for all levels of education, including extra. It will also create a Data-center and web-based platform for the collection of non-personalized data on the basis of RAO, developed and tested a model of psychological assistance to pupils and students.

Furthermore, the concept involves the creation of a system of continuous advanced training of specialists of psychological services, including prevention of emotional burnout and professional deformation of teachers. It will also involve psychological counselling and education of parents or legal guardians of the child on the problems of training, upbringing and development.

It is noted that the first phase of implementation of the concept in several regions of the Russian Federation will be developed and pilot projects will start their implementation.

According to the document, can be implemented two models of psychological service: centralized and decentralized. The first is the creation of a single center with branches in direct subordination; the second involves the presence in the region of several centers with a number of departments.

The second phase of the concept provides for the dissemination of experience of pilot projects and best practices of creation of psychological services in other regions of the Russian Federation.

«Financing of the actions plan on implementation of the concept will be implemented at the expense of means of budgets of all levels and fcpro (Federal target program of education development)», — the document says.

It is noted that the Ministry of education in cooperation with the regions of the Russian Federation and interested organizations will carry out ongoing monitoring of the implementation of the concept, starting from the first stage of its implementation.