To cover the «open skies»: the United States wants to limit the flights of Russian military aircraft

© RIA Novosti / Evgeny to Betemporary in fotosensibile su-30SM military space forces of Russia. Archival photoTo cover the «open skies»: the United States wants to limit the flights of Russian military aircraft© RIA Novosti / Evgeny to Betemporary the image Bank

Moscow is aware of Washington’s plans to introduce a number of restrictions on flights of Russian military aircraft over the United States, but does not consider justified the claims of the American side, said RIA Novosti Director of the Department for nonproliferation and arms control, the Russian foreign Ministry Mikhail Ulyanov. The response, according to him, is not excluded.

About the US plans to impose restrictions under the Treaty on open skies reported previously, the Wall Street Journal. In particular, the possible imposition of restrictions on flights over Alaska and Hawaii. According to the newspaper, the preparation of restrictions on flights over the territory of the United States was a response of the us authorities to «ban the Kremlin to overfly Kaliningrad». As writes the edition, in the framework of the Treaty on open skies range reconnaissance flight can be up to 5.5 thousand kilometers, and «Russia has introduced a «sublimation» of 500 kilometers over the Kaliningrad.

The Treaty on open skies was signed in Helsinki on 24 March 1992 by representatives of 23 member States of the OSCE. Russia ratified the Treaty in may 2001. Parties to the Treaty can conduct overflights of each other’s territories to monitor military activities.

The Kremlin urged US to put forward any claim under the contract in strict accordance with the document.

To cover the open sky

Ulyanov told RIA Novosti that on Tuesday in Vienna held a plenary meeting of the Commission on open skies, which the U.S. side can officially announce his decision. A number of limitations, according to him, can enter into force on 1 January 2018.

«It is strange that before all this (the USA) been formalized, this information hits the press. Is the signature style of American diplomacy, which does not differentiate between megaphone diplomacy and real politics,» — said a senior diplomat.

Ulyanov said that Moscow will study the decision of the United States with the participation of its military personnel. If Washington will indeed take such a step, «we will talk about some of the responses from our side».

Again unsubstantiated claims

The last time Washington is increasingly Russia makes accusations of violation of international treaties, in Moscow all claims rejected. According to Ulyanov, in the case of the situation surrounding the Treaty on open skies, the situation is similar — Moscow does not believe the US charges to be reasonable, but is in favour of compromise.

«With regard to the claims against us, we do not consider them reasonable. In fact, the agreement is very complex, it is not always straightforward to interpret, so you need to look for compromises and solutions,» — said the Russian diplomat RIA Novosti.

As an example, Ulyanov led the situation with South Ossetia and Abkhazia. He explained that the Treaty prohibits route observation flights within 10 kilometers from the border of a state that is not party to the Treaty. «We are an independent state, and, accordingly, the Contract we are obliged to see that the routes of surveillance flights did not come close to the borders at a distance closer than ten kilometers. Otherwise it would be a violation,» — said Ulyanov.

The diplomat stressed that «for the Americans and their allies Abkhazia and South Ossetia is part of Georgia, and they see our actions as violations». «In fact, we are dealing with a stalemate, which is based on diametrically opposed views on the status of these two States. But to characterize this as violations from the Russian side totally inappropriate,» — said Ulyanov.

Press Secretary of the President Dmitry Peskov said that it is necessary to strictly follow the provisions of the Treaty. «Any claim should say, to advance in strict accordance with this agreement, because each party has obligations under that document,» — said Peskov, when asked to comment on the situation.

The US has something to hide

Military experts believe that the true objective of Washington is to find an excuse to hide from Russia, a number of their maneuvers. According to the expert of the center for military-political studies at MGIMO, Vladimir Korovin, the Americans have something to hide: in Alaska, is the base of a missile defense station HAARP (research program of high-frequency ionospheric scattering of radio waves), which is related to climate weapons. Hawaii is a proving ground, where testing of missile defense systems.

«The open skies Treaty has a long history. Twenty-five years ago nobody doubted that he was more favorable to the Americans. And in the current situation they understand that there are a number of issues that they would like to prepoznati,» — said the expert. However, he noted that the agreement spelled out the mechanisms of observation, so the charges of the U.S. against the Russian military in the closure part of the Kaliningrad region is unconvincing.

To cover the «open skies»: the United States wants to limit the flights of Russian military aircraft© RIA Novosti / Ildus to Gilyazutdinova in photomontagist: U.S. looking for a pretext to close Alaska and Hawaii from observers According to Russian military expert, chief editor of the magazine «national defense» Igor Korotchenko possible restrictions on flights of Russian military aircraft in the framework of the Treaty on open skies «will mean the undermining of the Washington framework agreements in the field of arms control and military activities».

According to him, the contract provides the possibility of monitoring military activity of the various States and is one of the most important agreements to reduce the risk of military confrontation and conflict.

To cover the «open skies»: the United States wants to limit the flights of Russian military aircraft© REUTERS / Aaron P. BernsteinСША believe that Russia violates the Treaty on open skies «unfortunately, we see that the last time the United States has a policy of growing confrontation with the Russian Federation, and in case of this solution with a number of restrictions in Russia will take place, we can expect further similar action the United States,» — said the expert.

According to Korotchenko, a number of sources in Washington were already announced possible suspension of U.S. fulfillment of obligations under specific paragraphs of the Treaty on intermediate and shorter-range missiles, which will mean his «the collapse and dismantling». The expert believes that on the basis of principles of reciprocity in all actions, which subsequently can produce the United States, Russia will give an absolutely symmetrical response.

To cover the «open skies»: the United States wants to limit the flights of Russian military aircraft© RIA Novosti / Vitaly Podwyzki Span forbidden