Scientists have named the main cause of obesity

© AP Photo / Mark LennihanТолстый man in a t-shirt with USA flagScientists have named the main cause of obesity© AP Photo / Mark Lennihan

A group of scientists of the Brazilian University of Campinas has published the results of a study which revealed the root cause of obesity. About it reported in a press release on the portal EurekAlert.

According to Dr. Lisio Velloso who presented the report at the conference of the Fund for scientific research of the state of são Paulo, not long ago, scientists managed to establish that a rapid weight gain causes the change of intestinal microflora and the death of specific neurons in the hypothalamus. However, until now, was a mystery which of these processes starts first.

To find out, scientists conducted a series of experiments on mice. Rodents has appointed a special diet high in saturated fat, which was to lead to metabolic disorders.

On the first day of the experiment, the researchers recorded the changes in neurosecretory cells of the hypothalamus, the composition of the intestinal microflora for the past two weeks remained the same. Thus, the researchers came to the conclusion that the death of neurons governing the sense of fullness, leads to a chain reaction throughout the body.

Now, the specialists will find a way to restore neurons lost due to an unbalanced diet. «This is only the first step, but maybe it will help find a therapeutic solution to obesity problems in the future,» said Velloso.