The elves in Perm and jump the broom: as fans of fantasy

© RIA Novosti / Eugene to Novostinearly in fotomasterskie attack is photographed with a young passenger in the Star wars day at the Lermontovsky Prospekt station of Moscow metroThe elves in Perm and jump the broom: as fans of fantasy© RIA Novosti / Eugene to Novostinearly the image Bank

Fans of science fiction are celebrating an important anniversary — 80 years ago, September 21, 1937, to print out the first story of John R. R. Tolkien, «the Hobbit, or There and back again». This children’s book began the acquaintance of readers with the world of middle-earth, where afterwards occurs the action of the cult trilogy «the Lord of the rings».

The frenzied post-war wave of popularity of Tolkien’s works began to appear numerous fan community — fandom, where the doorstep roleplay based on the books, they write essays based on their motives (fanfiction), doing more translations, and call themselves names of your favorite characters, learn their languages and customs. Today, this fandom has many other popular works of literature and film. RIA Novosti has chosen the most widespread and influential of them.

The ring wraiths

The most active wing of the doorstep, of course, rallied around the Saga «the Lord of the rings». A considerable role was played by the release of the eponymous film trilogy by Peter Jackson, which has grossed almost three billion dollars and attracted a large youth audience. Fans of the movies even have their own call sign — «koltsevik» (ringers). The original literary, incidentally, also sold a record circulation of 150 million copies. Main fan site TheOneRing.net appeared in 1999. There you can buy any gift, including collectible, products associated with the «cult», to learn about upcoming meetings tolkinistov and read what is written by the fans of the Saga.

Within the fan community there are several gradations. The followers of the Professor, as they called Tolkien, are divided into newcomers and old-timers. Between the latter there are also differences: one liked the adaptation of Peter Jackson and the other purists — have not taken it. It is curious that in trying to defend their position, knowledgeable Tolkienists often agree to the fact that «the Professor was wrong», that is, the fact that Tolkien know what «really happened».

No matter how hot nor were disputes between different groups on the fan sites, on the doorstep often spend time together role play or a trip to the filming locations of Lord of the rings in New Zealand. According to a survey of the American magazine Vulture, the average tolkinist — educated passionary. He not only leads the discussions on the forums and dressing up in hobbit or elf, but he is engaged in literature. Fanfiction written by Tolkienists, even published by the publishing houses. Fans also often become teachers of specialized courses in universities.

Still it cannot be denied that particularly keen fans of the Lord of the rings sometimes behave quite eccentrically. Thus, during the population census in 2002, the Russian Tolkienists were massively entered in the column «nationality» of the characters in the Saga. For example, the highest percentage of «ethnic elves» have been registered in Perm.

Potteromania
© RIA Novosti / Evgeny to Betemporary in fotobounce of Harry Potter during the launch of book writer Joan Rowling «Harry Potter and the cursed child» in Moscow The elves in Perm and jump the broom: as fans of fantasy© RIA Novosti / Evgeny to Betemporary in fotobounce of Harry Potter during the launch of book writer Joan Rowling «Harry Potter and the cursed child» in Moscow

Compared with the Tolkienists fandom of Harry Potter is quite young — this year marks 20 years since the release of the first book about the «boy who lived». However, no one has doubt that the brainchild of JK Rowling will educate many more generations of devoted fans. Seven volumes of stories about the young wizard has sold 450 million copies in 79 languages, and the last book of the series — «Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows» — has set a Guinness record as the world’s fastest work (in the US and UK just for the day flew 11 million copies). Adaptation has also collected nearly eight billion dollars.

Despite the fact that formally, the «Harry Potter» belongs to the category of child or rather teen literature, the age group of his fans is much wider. Community members call themselves «polarography», «potteriany» or «Muggles» (as in the book, Rowling called ordinary people, not magicians). There is a separate group of fans who believe that the final Harry Potter and Hermione Granger should have been together. They call themselves «harmonine». It is interesting that, unlike many other communities dedicated to science fiction, among potteromania more girls.

Gryffindor, Hufflepuff and Slytherin are ready to go #BacktoHogwarts! pic.twitter.com/1fMCxk2RQV

— Pottermore (@pottermore) on 1 September 2017.

To help fans survive «postpatriarchal depression» that accompanied the end of the Saga, Rowling created the Pottermore site (literally «more Potter»), which contains articles about favourite characters, fans and newcomers may be allocated to one of four faculties of the school of witchcraft and wizardry Hogwarts. This may all seem pretty pointless for real life knowledge, but for fans of the Saga, it is extremely important to have an outfit in the colors of «his» faculty to participate in the meetings potteromania.

In addition to robes, pointed hats and scarves with the symbols of the faculty, potteromania can be identified by having a broom or cage with a white owl. By the way, fans also practice the game of Quidditch — a mixture of basketball, Rugby, baseball and horse racing on brooms, and on a completely professional level. Only in United States there are almost 800 teams. But the most loyal fans go even further — tattoos on his forehead a scar in the shape of a lightning bolt, like Harry, or officially change their names to Draco and Severus (the characters, antagonists Potter at Hogwarts).

The Jedi
© RIA Novosti / Eugene to Novostinearly in fotobanka Vader communicates with children in a day of «Star wars» at the station «Lermontovsky Prospekt» Moscow metroThe elves in Perm and jump the broom: as fans of fantasy© RIA Novosti / Eugene to Novostinearly in fotobanka Vader communicates with children in a day of «Star wars» at the station «Lermontovsky Prospekt» Moscow metro

The army of fans of «Star wars» reaches truly galactic proportions. 40 years after the release of the first film of the space Saga number of fans is growing steadily.

The author of the epic George Lucas continues to delight fans with new episodes. In December of this year the screens will be released the eighth film of the Saga «Star wars. The last Jedi». And in the spring of 2018 fans waiting for the second spin-off. TV version, TV series, animation — all this provides the influx of new «Jedi». The movement of fans of Star wars are so massive that even those who are not fond of a fantastic Saga that I heard about Darth Vader, Chewbacca, master Yoda and they can place to use the iconic phrase «may the force be with you» or «Luke, I am your father.»

© REUTERS / Tyrone Hipoclorito film celebrating the day of «Star wars» in Taipei, TaiwanThe elves in Perm and jump the broom: as fans of fantasy© REUTERS / Tyrone Hipoclorito film celebrating the day of «Star wars» in Taipei, Taiwan

For true fans of «Star wars» became the basis for a worldview. Over half a million people around the world celebrated the «Judaism» as their religion. On the official website of the Saga Starwars.com fan or equivalent TheForce.net you can read about how Star wars changed the lives of its viewers. It sounds pathetic, but in some cases, surprisingly truthfully. True Hollywood James Cameron after watching the first episode in 1977, quit his job trucker and started to make a movie. It was his fans ‘ passion, the world owes the advent of «Terminator», «Titanic», «Alien» and «Avatar.»

Much of the credit for the transformation of the «Star wars» in the global subculture belongs to George Lucas. It with the same enthusiastic support of fan initiatives, conventions, and film festivals. Curiously, while fans of the older generation’s ambiguous attitude to the father of the Saga. Many people are not satisfied that Lucas continues to modernize the original trilogy with modern technology. However, given that most children of the first wave of fans of the epic also become loyal viewers of Lucas, his bet on the special effects and digital innovation seems to be justified.

Trackers
© AFP 2017 / Robyn eskolanmaki the movie «Star trek» themed costumes at the festival Comic-Con in San Diego. 2013 The elves in Perm and jump the broom: as fans of fantasy© AFP 2017 / Robyn eskolanmaki the movie «Star trek» themed costumes at the festival Comic-Con in San Diego. 2013

Perhaps the most popular series in television history — «star trek», «Star trek» spawned six spin-offs, 13 feature films, hundreds of short stories, comics, video games and, of course, many millions of fans. Space utopia Gene Roddenberry, released in the 1960s, made an enormous contribution to American popular culture.

Trackers like call themselves fans of «star trek», usually older than fans of other sci-Fi sagas. But in their ranks are to be found a housewife from the province, and the President of the United States. The trekkers were one of the first truly influential fan networks, successfully launching a campaign in support of a favorite show. Through their letters, NBC once renewed the series for a third season, and the NASA space Shuttle was named the Enterprise in honor of the starship from «star trek».

The klingons arrive at #StarTrekDiscovery premiere party pic.twitter.com/ypQCXb0pZ2

— Star Trek (@StarTrek) 20 September 2017

The fan community has provided a comfortable existence stars tallpoppy who have decades of touring the conventions around the world, do not hesitate to charge fans money for autographs. It is the trackers when the first started to come to similar meetings in makeup and elaborate costumes of the characters: they were turned into members of the enterprise crew, the Klingons, the Borg and Vulcans before. Later the idea was picked up by other fan groups and turned it into today’s popular culture of cosplay.

Bjo & John Trimble — the fans saved the #StarTrek in the 60s — open the red carpet at the world premiere of #StarTrekDiscovery pic.twitter.com/keqVZZZCOz

— Star Trek (@StarTrek) 20 September 2017

Like many communities, the trackers shoot a movie fan, themed wedding, study the Klingon language, and even transferred to him by Shakespeare. Even the article of Wikipedia you can read Klingon. Although the iconic phrase from Star trek — «Live long and prosper» — needs no translation.

Haveany

And that’s a wrap for @wynglyncreation at @SDWhoCon #DoctorWho #Tardis #TimeTravel #ItsBiggerInside Hope everyone had a blast! #Exterminate pic.twitter.com/i4zSV68jOU

— Wyngd Lyon Creations (@wynglyncreation) 11 Sep 2017

Cult British BBC series «Doctor Who» is inscribed in the Guinness Book of records as the longest running science fiction TV show in history — next year he will be 55 years old. The Saga about the adventures of a traveler in time and space first appeared on screens in 1963 and is still being broadcast in fifty countries.

Over the years have changed the 12 performers of the main roles, and recently, the fan community was shocked to learn that the 13th Doctor Who will be female British actress jodie Whittaker. Not surprisingly, one of the most acute topics for discussion forums for fans of the series — «Who was the best Doctor Who?»

Our @DoctorWho_BBCA group took 2nd at the @DragonCon Bunny Hutch kickoff party — here’s the official photo! #doctorwho #bunnyhutch #DragonCon pic.twitter.com/EMdWXEiDFw

— TamaraPaints (@TamaraComstock) 11 Sep 2017

Since the 1980-ies fans are called whovians TV show (Russian version of «Juliani») — from the English name Doctor Who. In the UK «Doctor Who» is a family television show. However, in the US the audience of the series predominantly male, consisting of true fans of science fiction. Big fan of Doctor Who, for example, is the American actor Tom Hanks.

It is no exaggeration to say that it was because of the love of fans of «Doctor Who» stayed in the air for so long. In 1989, the BBC turned to the production of the series, but audiences for 16 years, continued to write scripts and shoot their own versions, prompting the channel to restart the show in 2005. Judging by his success, many more generations of Julianow dream about own a time machine «the TARDIS».

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