The Emperor of Japan announced the dissolution of the lower house of Parliament

© AP Photo / Shuji Came. Archival photoThe Emperor of Japan announced the dissolution of the lower house of Parliament© AP Photo / Shuji Kajiyama

The Chairman of the lower house of Japan, Tadamori Oshima, was read the decree of Emperor Akihito of its dissolution, a General meeting of both chambers of the Parliament broadcast on the Internet.

«On the basis of the seventh article of the Constitution, the lower house is dissolved,» — said in the decree.

Prime Minister Shinzo Abe announced the intention to dissolve the lower house of Parliament on Monday at a press conference. The term of office of members expires in December next year, and the dissolution was scheduled for the first day of the so-called «extraordinary» session of Parliament. The history of Japan knows only four such examples.

Thursday morning, the government decided to dissolve the lower house of Parliament and asked the Emperor to approve it. A document stating the dissolution of the house of representatives, was signed by the monarch and given to the Secretary General of the government, Yoshihide Suge. The Secretary General of the government sends the document to the Chairman of the chamber and read it to the deputies.

Officially, Abe said he intends to enlist the support of the electorate to advance his economic policy dubbed «abenomics», as well as increasing the consumption tax to 10% (now 8%), tightening position against the DPRK and other foreign and domestic policy.

However, it is clear that one of the main goals is to stop awkward for the Prime Minister parliamentary proceedings, particularly in connection with the possible involvement of Abe and his entourage to the illegal machinations around educational institutions «, Moritomo Gakuen» and «Kake Gakuen». On the background of the proceedings, the rating of the Abe Cabinet has fallen from 66% in February to 56% in March, and in mid-summer stood at just above 30%. In August, Abe changed the composition of the Cabinet, that raised the popularity of the government up to 43-45%.

By Monday, when the Prime Minister announced the intention to dissolve Parliament, it seemed that the timing is good for the ruling liberal democratic party: the rating of the government is restored, and the situation in the opposition Democratic party, by contrast, is not stable. The post of leader of the party left, Rancho also from the organization came out with many other prominent politicians.

However, the maps emerging of the race was confused by the Governor of Tokyo Yuriko Koike. A few hours before the press conference, Abe, she announced the creation of a new party – the «Party of hope» and called under the banners of those deputies who seceded from the liberal democratic and Democratic parties. Democrats have already announced that their candidates will be nominated on behalf of the «Party of hope».

Two months ago, Koike inflicted a crushing defeat the LDP in the elections to the legislative Assembly in Tokyo. The participation of the party under her leadership in the upcoming elections was an unexpected blow to the LDP and threatens to change the balance of power in the new Parliament.

After the elections the lower house of Parliament in 2014, the ruling bloc composed of the liberal democratic party under Prime Minister Shinzo Abe and Komeito party got 326 seats out of 475, which is an absolute majority. The democratic party won 73 seats, the Communist party of Japan — 21. In the new composition of the lower house of Parliament will be 465.