NASA called behind record carbon emissions into the atmosphere

© AFP 2017 / Aizar RaldesВид on the reservoir. Archival photoNASA called behind record carbon emissions into the atmosphere© 2017 AFP / Aizar Raldes

The El niño phenomenon (fluctuation of temperature in the Equatorial Pacific ocean) became the reason of record growth of carbon into the atmosphere in 2015-2016, said an employee of the jet propulsion laboratory of NASA, Deputy head of mission Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 (OCO-2) Anmari Eldering.

«In 2015-2016 was recorded for at least the last 2 thousand years the annual increase of carbon dioxide emissions worldwide,» said Eldering at a briefing on Friday.

According to her, NASA has «evidence that high temperature and drought resulting from El niño, in 2015-2016 became the major reason for the record increase in carbon dioxide emissions into the atmosphere». The largest contribution to global emissions has brought tropical areas of South America, Africa and Indonesia.

She reported that the annual growth amounted to 6.3 gigaton carbon. Conclusions of scientists are based on analysis of data from the satellite OCO-2, which was launched by NASA in 2014.

«This growth was a record, even if that is caused by human activity emissions remained at the level of 2014,» said Eldering.

The results of the analysis of satellite data and based on their findings, NASA scientists and several universities in the U.S. and Canada will be published Friday in the journal Science.