The RVC urged to adapt technological solutions to the defence industry for the civilian market

© Photo : Russian venture companieslike Fedotov. Archive photoThe RVC urged to adapt technological solutions to the defence industry for the civilian market© Photo : the Russian venture company

The military-industrial complex it is necessary to adapt the associated technology solutions for the civilian market, said in an interview RIA Novosti adviser of the General Director of the Russian venture company (RVC) Vladislav Fedotov.

In late September, Russian President Vladimir Putin at a meeting with the head of the Ministry of industry and trade Denis Manturov and Minister of economic development Maxim Oreshkin reminded about the task of diversification of production in the sphere of military-industrial complex. He stressed the importance of the growth of labour productivity was achieved not only due to military production, but also in the transition to civilian products.

In turn Manturov said that the diversification of the defence industry laid as one of the guidelines in all government programs. He noted that defence companies have good knowledge of medical equipment, products for oil & gas engineering and others. He suggested that by 2020, the production of civilian products of the defense industry will be 20% instead of the planned 17%.

In Moscow from 16 to 18 October will take place the forum «Open innovations», the main theme of which stated «the Digital economy. The challenges of global transformation». MIA «Russia today» is the General information partner of the forum. RVC participates in this event.

The demand of the military industrial complex remains high

According to Fedotov, at the present time, the demand of the military industrial complex on various types of projects remains high. «Military-industrial complex is very large and, in my opinion, there is a great demand for projects in the field of medicine, technology, aktsentirovanie, optics, chemistry, pharmaceuticals. A year ago on the orders of first Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin has set up an interdepartmental coordinating Council of the Russian Military-industrial Commission of the Russian Federation on development of production of medical devices in the organizations of the military-industrial complex. This segment is probably a little bit ahead of the others, but in General, the demand is there, in my opinion, those technologies that can be integrated into existing industrial complexes», — he said.

«After 2023, in many enterprises the production of weapons of special equipment under the state defense order will be reduced. Indeed, many in recent years, invested in upgrading technological capacities, these capacities need to download. Much of what can be done to the needs of the civilian sector, can be made on the basis of these technologies,» he added.
Technological solutions need to be adapted

The volume of goods for the civil sector in defence industry enterprises are small. Fedotov connects this trend with the high cost of goods. «Currently the volume of production of civilian goods at the enterprises of the defense industry is 16%, of which in the aviation industry — 21%, the space-rocket industry — 23%, marine 12%, the radio-electronics industry — 8%. In the production of conventional weapons, the share of civil products reached 19%, ammunition and special chemistry — 33%. In this acute question of reducing the cost of production of such products as a medical device for the price of the tank today, no one will, and at enterprises OPK the price tag sometimes rolls over 10 times,» he said.

«The biggest problem in the conversion technologies is to optimise cost. Everything that is done in the framework of the state defense order, has a specific pricing structure. What is used by the army, no room for error. So the price is sometimes too high for the civilian market are used in the most expensive, durable materials, uses complex technology of production», — he explained.

«Accordingly, for the civilian market is the biggest problem in the framework of the conversion is the adaptation of military technology for mass production. That is, if you start to make cars using the same technologies used for the production of supersonic aircraft, this car will cost very expensive, its just no one will buy. And, probably, so will demand those related technological solutions that can be adapted for the civilian market,» said Fedotov.

Drones and robots need to develop

According to Fedotov, Russia is inferior to foreign counterparts in the civilian sector in the field of unmanned vehicles and robotics. The development in the field of IT in Russia much better.

«In my opinion, we still lag behind much of Western colleagues in the technology field of unmanned air vehicles in the civilian sphere. Civilian market the use of robotics in the West has gone much forward in comparison with what we have now. It is in the civilian sector, because what is done in the interest of the Ministry of defense is more than competitive on the world market. Perhaps, even, data transmission technologies, composite materials, 3D printing,» he said.

«We are ahead in the field of mathematics, IT. We have a much more interesting technological solutions,» — said Fedotov.

Costs can be optimized

Fedotov believes that the allocated size of the state support for the development of military technology can be reduced and optimized, thus, costs. «Frankly, I believe that you can do for much less. If we proceed from the thesis of the commercial demand for the civilian products that can be integrated into the military-industrial complex, the civil demand will be conditional, to advance modernization. The money market will still come into production earlier than the products themselves will enter the market. And in my opinion, this figure can be optimized if sufficient to consolidate the efforts to create these new technology markets», — he said.

«To improve the situation from the side of increase of efficiency of state policy in the sphere of technical modernization. If you count the amount of money spent over the last few years, for example, the Ministry of industry and trade on a variety of support tools and economic effect, in my opinion, unfortunately, we get a very positive picture,» — said Fedotov.

In the future will be a big deal

At the end of July the state Corporation Vnesheconombank (VEB) and Russian technologies announced the launch of its joint venture (JV) «Conversion», which will promote high-tech products produced by companies in international markets and will ensure the transition of technologies and products of defense enterprises to civilian segments.

NGO «Conversion» leads work on the selection of projects in the following promising areas: «Smart city» in the framework of the «Digital economy of Russia», medical equipment, and medical equipment, environmental issues, energy, information and communication technology, civil engineering.

As said Fedotov, a subsidiary of RVC intend to cooperate with the «Conversion» and sign the «big contract». «By the Fund subsidiaries — We last week met with Sergey Astafurov (General Director of NGO «Conversion» — ed.) meeting including talking about the acceleration program, because the colleagues see themselves the task of market monitoring of innovative projects and the possibilities of their integration into the MIC. Indeed, we now formulate a practical point of interaction between «Conversion» and a subsidiary of RVC funds», — he said.

«In the near future we plan to sign a big agreement, including cooperation in the framework of the track «Dual technology» GenerationS. We have interesting ideas for collaboration. Indeed, colleagues, we have already recommended several projects,» he added.