The level of CO2 in the atmosphere for the first time has increased over the past three years, researchers found

© RIA Novosti / Alexey Mangalore greenhouse gas emissions in Russia for 25 years almost halvedThe level of CO2 in the atmosphere for the first time has increased over the past three years, researchers found© RIA Novosti / Alexey Maligawa

. The level of greenhouse gas emissions for the first time has increased over the last three years, which significantly complicates the implementation of the main objectives of the Paris agreements to keep global warming at around 1.5 degrees Celsius, say scientists in a new report by the Global Carbon Project.

«It is extremely discouraging data, but I still retain the hope that we will manage to stabilize the climate system. In the U.S., for example, citizens and private companies have not abandoned green technologies and production methods, despite the fact that the government has recently abolished all the privileges and indulgences for them,» said Rob Jackson (Rob Jackson), a climatologist from Stanford and head of the GCP.

The Global Carbon Project, a community of several dozen leading climate scientists in the world, each year prepares and publishes reports on the total emissions of CO2 and other greenhouse gases produced in every country in the world. These reports include detailed data on the structure and dynamics of emissions for each state, as well as projections for the future.

The first GCP experts ‘ reports published in the past decade and at the beginning of 2010 showed that greenhouse gas emissions grew at a record pace – 3% from 2000 to 2010, and a record 6% in 2011. In 2013, emissions growth has stopped unexpectedly «stuck» at around 36 billion tons of CO2 equivalent.

This anomaly, scientists have linked with a few things – the growing popularity and active development of «green» energy in the United States, Germany and other European countries, the transition of industry to more energy efficient technologies, and reducing the role of coal in the energy and industry of China. All this left the hope that the ambitious goals of the Paris agreement can be implemented.

This trend shows a new report Jackson and his colleagues, was not a long term trend, and short-term fluctuations in this year the level of emissions of industrial greenhouse gases will rise to the level of 37 billion tons of CO2 equivalent and total emissions will reach 41 billion tonnes.

Most of this growth will be due to the development of industry in China under the current forecasts, the volume of greenhouse gas emissions produced in China will rise by 3.5%. The reason for this is the sharp increase in consumption of oil and gas in the near future, as the researchers note, will overtake coal and become the primary source of anthropogenic greenhouse gases in China, and the world at large.

Russia continues to remain in 4th place in total emissions, behind China, USA and India. Its performance is virtually unchanged compared with the year 2016, down from 1670 to 1620 billion tons CO2 equivalent. Similarly lower emissions in the United States and Europe, and in India, their volume increased slightly.

Overall, as scholars have noted, the trend of increased concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere came on the adverse path of development laid down in the forecasts of the intergovernmental panel on climate change (IPCC) of the United Nations. If things continue to move in this direction, the temperature on Earth will rise by 2-4 degrees Celsius by the end of the century.

This, according to Jackson and his colleagues, suggests that humanity has little or no chance that a simple restriction of CO2 emissions will keep global warming at around 1.5 degrees Celsius. For this reason, as the scientist believes, should start now to develop technologies that would extract CO2 from the air, pump it into underground storage or neutralize in some other way to protect civilization from destruction.

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