Archaeologists have found a mysterious tunnel under the temple of KUKULCAN in Chichen Itza

© AP Photo / Israel LealЛюди near the pyramid of Kukulkan in Chichen Itza, MexicoArchaeologists have found a mysterious tunnel under the temple of KUKULCAN in Chichen Itza© AP Photo / Israel Leal

Underwater excavations in the canal system near the temple of Kukulkan in Chichen Itza helped archaeologists find mysterious locked passage in its walls that they can open in the near future, reports the newspaper El Universal.

«We were able to get to the caves beneath the temple of KUKULCAN through his crypt and found a blocked passage, which was closed, probably by the Maya. Soon we will be back and will probably open up the passage and try to understand where it leads and whether it is associated with the temple tank», — said Guillermo de Anda (de Anda, Guillermo), one of the leaders of the initiatives of the Great Mayan Aquifer Project.

The Maya civilization existed for several thousand years, leaving many «dead cities» and cultural monuments in the Yucatan Peninsula, suddenly disappeared from the face of the Earth about the ninth century BC, when most of the city-States of the Maya were abandoned by their inhabitants. The causes of this civilizational collapse are still the subject of debate among scientists.

One of the distinguishing features of these «dead cities» is a very extensive network of surface and underground water reservoirs and connecting tunnels, and canals, which today historians assume, helped «policies» Maya is not to experience serious problems during small periods of drought. These channels, as suggested by mathematics, was the cause of their «extinction» after the drought became longer because of a series of climate extremes.

De Anda and his colleagues for two years conducting excavations in the territory of Chichen Itza, trying to find traces of a large cavern below the temple of KUKULCAN, whose existence was first declared a Mexican archaeologist Rene Chavez (Chavez Rene), «enlighten» pyramid with electroresistive scanner. He found under it a large void and a second, smaller pyramid, over which was built the current temple of the God of water ancient Mayan.

The fact that Kukulkan was the God of water led archaeologists to assume that the pyramid was built next to the cave is not accidental, and that it served as a natural analogue reservoirs of water, constructed in Tikal and other major Maya cities. For this reason, scientists have long been trying to find the entrance to this cave, and channels leading to it and from it.

Says de Anda, his team are close to the opening of these tunnels. If they open the passage does lead to the reservoir, archaeologists expect to enter it and make a three-dimensional map of the cave and other passages leading into it, with the help of robots and other scientific instruments.

This map and the study of sediments on the bottom of the cave, as scientists hope, will bring us closer to understanding whether the Mayans became extinct due to increased frequency of drought, or they disappeared for very different, while the reasons not known to us.