Floor mosaic of the V century revealed the true role of women in early Christianity

© Photo : Mordechai AviamНайденная in the Western Galilee mosaic of the V century with the evidence of the high status of women in early ChristianityFloor mosaic of the V century revealed the true role of women in early Christianity© Photo : Mordechai Aviam

Israeli archaeologists have discovered in the Galilee a unique mosaic inscriptions which testify to the much higher than assumed, the status of women in early Christianity, according to Times of Israel.

The scientists found an inscription of the V century of our era, perpetuates the memory of a certain Susanna, who was the sponsor of building the Church. This inscription is one of seven discovered three Byzantine churches in the Western Galilee. The structure was discovered by archaeologists Mordechai Aviam and Jacob Ashkenazi.

Scientists struck by the fact that Susanna is mentioned without her husband or guardian, as usual was made in the Roman Empire and Byzantium. According to the researchers, this finding supports the view that women had very high status in the early Christian communities. The archaeological discoveries this theory has been confirmed only in the lives of some martyrs who for the sake of making Christianity divorced from their high-ranking husbands.

«We came to the conclusion that Susanna is an independent woman who donated money to the Church in the Galilee village» — say archaeologists.

Mordechai Aviam suggests that not all early Christian communities agreed with the principle of equality. In the V century this resulted in a large split, caused by disputes over the status of the mother of Christ. For example, the influential Bishop Nestorius argued that the virgin Mary gave birth to only Christ the person, not Christ the God, so she’s not a virgin. In the end, the Third Ecumenical Council in 431 declared it a doctrine is heresy.

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