«Crocodile monster of our camp life»: 55 the story of Solzhenitsyn

The book by Alexander Solzhenitsyn’s One day of Ivan Denisovich. 1963«Crocodile monster of our camp life»: 55 the story of Solzhenitsyn

Fifty-five years ago in the November issue of the magazine «New world» appeared the first officially printed a story about the truth of camp life — «One day of Ivan Denisovich» by Alexander Solzhenitsyn.

Academician Sergey Averintsev then remembered: an expensive cost to go to Moscow and see how our compatriots were besieging kiosks «Soyuzpechat» and asked the open magazine. «I will never forget the man who could not pronounce the name of the magazine and asked kioskers: «this is where the whole truth-that it is written.» And she understood what he was saying. It had to be seen. It’s not the history of literature, and the history of Russia», — wrote Averintsev.

Of course, we can say that from that moment he began to publish the works on the camp theme. But two years later, in 1964, began a counterattack party «guardians», and the wife of Khrushchev then recalled how Nikita blamed for the fact that he was allowed to print the story. Scolded by his companions. Khrushchev can bring a lot of different claims, including when it was wild, the incredible persecution of the Church. But his great merit consisted in the fact that he dismissed political exile, dissolved the GULAG, people who have lived out of the camps. Their fate was peretolchina, but they talked about what happened, and this is our country and no of publications out wider and wider. So the changes were irreversible.

Lebedev, for example, required to have at least a single positive hero in the story, strengthen the «positivity» kavtorang. Insisted that prisoners rarely were used to escort the word «butt» (they are really called), and in relation to the authorities — «bastard» and «bastards». Solzhenitsyn lost, but acknowledged that it is for the good. And then left so even when it was able to print without notes. But the requirement to write the prisoners «hope of freedom» Solzhenitsyn is not lost, because there was that in the camps where he was sitting.

But the funny thing was this. Solzhenitsyn was a hater of Stalin, but did not consider it the sole culprit: he saw the cause of the disaster, in principle, in the mode. And it was not a single mention of Stalin in the original text. And Lebedev has demanded to call Stalin after Khrushchev led the anti-Stalinist fight. Solzhenitsyn lost and once mentioned «man mustache». But we can say that this publication was a miracle of Soviet censorship she hardly touched text.

Later he wanted to believe in what began irreversible changes to the justice and goodness, and so he believed Khrushchev. I think that his conversations with Khrushchev (about the publication. — Approx. ed.) were successful because they were sincere, he was able Khrushchev to persuade. But it took 10 months of hope and despair, belief and dips, 10 months of intra-party intrigue.

Name the story also gave Twardowski. Alexander Solzhenitsyn was «Sch-854» — the prisoner’s room of Ivan Denisovich. Twardowski said that it will never end. And the name he offered as a soft option, but Solzhenitsyn immediately recognized that this variant is better.

Solzhenitsyn, Tvardovsky each other much loved. But their life experience was very different. Twardowski, like many Soviet people, sometimes preferred not to notice some moments and believe in a bright future, even despite the fact that he had seen with his own eyes.

The same would be Solzhenitsyn, if not for the camp. He says: «the Writer I would become, but how? Bless you, prison». Solzhenitsyn was this camp experience, and in many tactical steps they went. Twardowski, for example, believed: «keep your head down, sit, soon the magazine will fight for publication».

In addition to «Ivan Denisovich» in the January issue of the «New world» 1963 printed two of the story of Alexander Solzhenitsyn — «Matrenin Dvor» and «the Case at station Kochetovka». Managed to publish two short story in 1965 and 1966 years, and then all was lost. But maybe the writer, which are already written «Cancer ward» and «the first circle», to wait and to hide them from readers? Solzhenitsyn gave the manuscript in samizdat. But Twardowski was angry.

© RIA Novosti / Vladimir Fedorenkova in fotobanka of the writer Natalia Solzhenitsyna at the opening of the exhibition dedicated to the life of writer and public figure Alexander Solzhenitsyn, in the Central exhibition hall «Manege»«Crocodile monster of our camp life»: 55 the story of Solzhenitsyn© RIA Novosti / Vladimir Fedorenkova in fotobanka of the writer Natalia Solzhenitsyna at the opening of the exhibition dedicated to the life of writer and public figure Alexander Solzhenitsyn, in the Central exhibition hall «Manege»

— Solzhenitsyn loved this story. He wrote: «While I was sitting on typewritten texts — all this was a myth, was not felt at all». Then, when it gave the set, he was summoned to check proofs, to make the author’s proofreading. And he says: «But when in front of me lay uncut magazine pages, I imagined how the light POPs up on the over-the ignorant crocodile monster of our camp life — and in the unusual luxury hotel rooms the first time I cried over the story itself».

— Do you remember the first time I read this piece?

— Of course. I read the story in the magazine «New world»: our family was signed for the publication, and we got this room. I was still a senior at mekhmat, I had a newborn son (with Solzhenitsyn we had a second marriage and he and I have). «Crocodile monster of our camp life»: 55 the story of Solzhenitsyn© RuptlyМосквичи event «Return of names» commemorates the repressed

And that evening when everyone went to bed, I on our five-meter tiny kitchen, put the magazine on the Desk, pulled out a stool, stood on her knees — kind of like a minute. Started reading and read the whole thing. Found herself standing knees on the stool, when it turned the last page. And then started reading again as the memories, by the way, was made by Twardowski.

I was very impressed. I knew there were camps, we have my grandfather died in there. But, of course, no one knew, how was there everyday, what was the life of prisoners, how to build the relationships between prisoners and authorities. And all this was for me an incredible discovery of a «parallel world». But I immediately realized that Solzhenitsyn is a huge writer in the sense of literary talent. And we met six years later.

© RIA Novosti / Valery Moreupdate in photobacteria in Russia a monument to the writer, Nobel prize winner Alexander Solzhenitsyn the works of sculptor Anatoly Shishkov established in Belgorod«Crocodile monster of our camp life»: 55 the story of Solzhenitsyn© RIA Novosti / Valery Moreupdate in photobacteria in Russia a monument to the writer, Nobel prize winner Alexander Solzhenitsyn the works of sculptor Anatoly Shishkov established in Belgorod

— This story is part of the school curriculum. How, in your opinion, need to teach his children what to pay attention?

— The main task is to ensure that the children themselves read the text of Solzhenitsyn or listened to (there are a lot of good records — and art in particular). If to talk about accents, which are set by the teacher, I think two things are important.

The first is purely historical. Should all people living in our country, know its history. This is especially important in this rapidly changing world in which we now live. You need to know — in particular, to ensure that our recent history is not repeated. Oblivion is dangerous for us and for our descendants.

The second task, no less important is that children see how different characters in the same circumstances behave. They say that Solzhenitsyn is a writer who opens camp theme. Yes, not the camp theme it opens, just that was his personal experience, on the basis of this experience he wrote.

In fact, in all his works he writes about human behavior in extreme circumstances. Tells about a man who was in a situation of war, the camps, the betrayal of the revolution.

No one is immune from illness, extreme poverty, prisons, all, we are not immune from wars and revolutions. Here’s how to maintain dignity, decency, the soul in these situations and what happens to those who are not saved, are the main themes and key lessons all of his books.

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