Scientists discovered in the Kuril Islands, about 30 new species of marine creatures

© RIA Novosti / Roman to Deniability in fotomonster Matua. Archival photoScientists discovered in the Kuril Islands, about 30 new species of marine creatures© RIA Novosti / Roman to Danilovmarat the image Bank

Scientists of the Kamchatka branch of Pacific Institute of geography Feb RAS discovered about 30 new species of hydrobionts (aquatic organisms), as reported on the website of the Institute.

«The scientific staff in July-August 2017 conducted a comprehensive gathering of marine and terrestrial flora and fauna of the Kuril Islands Matua. According to the first results in the collected material revealed approximately 30 new species of aquatic organisms», — stated in the message.

According to preliminary data, at least two families of marine invertebrates were first noted in Russian waters. The representatives of these families found in the waters of the island of Matua — actinium (Acrylates korotkoactute) and hydroid (Similarlaw snow).

«Sea anemone was first described in the year 2016 in all four instances from the coastal waters of the island Adak the Aleutian chain as a new species, a new genus and a new family. The island of Matua, these anemones are found in large numbers, and it is the first record of a representative of this family in the waters of Russia,» explain the researchers.

The same fate and hydroida, too, was first described quite recently in 2015 with the Pacific coast of Canada (British Columbia). The discovery of this species on the island of Matua is the first indication of this family for Russian waters.

«In Kamchatka, by the way, there is nothing similar. Probably, these island species prefer to live in clear water drains away from the mainland,» the researchers note.

The island of Matua discovered one kind of echiurida — a kind of invertebrates blue-green color. Part of the collected specimens were sent to the Japanese specialist and he identified them as a species described as early as 1946, the Aleutian Islands (Duch Harbor). Since it nowhere identified.

«Thus, our finding of this species on the island of Matua is the first indication of his in Russian waters and the first finding of the species since its original description in 1946,» — said in the message.

In the collected material also revealed about a dozen new species of anemones, at least eight new species of sponges, there are new species among the hydroids, molluscs and other groups of aquatic organisms.

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