«Pour the collar». How to work sobering-up stations in Russia

© RIA Novosti / Grigory to Sysoeva in fotobounce detox in Khimki. Archival photo«Pour the collar». How to work sobering-up stations in Russia© RIA Novosti / Grigory to Sysoeva the image Bank

Wooden bench, cool floor, and after a penalty and a photo on the wall of shame. In the Soviet Union the system of sobering-up stations were part of the struggle against immorality and drunkenness. In institutions were brought and bullies who place in the police Department, and pretty drunk, which is often in need of medical care. MIA is periodically required to remove the «trasvase» from the list of their duties, but the Ministry of health from them in every possible way struggled.

In the end, the receivers eliminated across the country in 2011. Officially sobering-up stations in Russia are still there, but in some regions they work — however, not as in Soviet times. Current legislation the work of these institutions does not regulate. The RIA Novosti correspondent found out what sobering-up stations exist today and the need to revive this system at the Federal level.

«Sleep it off» as a social service

«It’s sincere people, good. Nurses in kissing hands» — the head of the «receiver» in Nizhny Novgorod Mikhail Bouloukos speaks of his clients with love. Local centre assistance for people in a state of alcoholic intoxication opened two years ago, has nothing to do with the medical facility or police and works for the municipal social centre «Hope».

Balulalow — Colonel, almost 30 years served in the airborne, then began to teach the lessons of Patriotic education of schoolchildren. He says when he was asked to lead detox, agreed without hesitation.

«Our institution is called in the people the old fashioned way, but not much of the former sobering-up stations. Still people believe that now they will be doused with cold water, stripped, and then given a fine and report to work. We don’t like: stay entirely voluntary, anonymous and free. All the costs a municipality incurs,» says the chief.

According to Belolikova, detox only accept those who are in high degree of intoxication.

«Easy degree when the person had too much to drink and he still want to have fun. Such clients we interfere, do not let others sleep. And those who are already in serious condition, need to be hospitalized and treated, — says the chief. — The first time the police were brought to us all in a row: I was trying to explain them, at least visually determine the degree of intoxication».

Drunkenness is not a crime and not a disease

The Deputy Director for expert work at Moscow research center of narcology Vladimir Egorov believes that the sobering-up stations that work in medical institutions, — the worst option for the revival of «receivers».

According to Yegorov, in such places doctors actually provide services that are not medical, and it’s too expensive: about 9% of the budget of all health facilities. «The man who had too much, you just need to sleep it off in a warm room. Medical care it is not required. But hospitals and clinics are forced once again to play it safe and leave the drunk under supervision. Often aggressive behavior of these «customers» leads to the disruption of the work of receiving offices,» explains the expert.

The work of sobering-up stations, according to the psychiatrist, now is not regulated by any law that does not give them the opportunity to develop the institutions of a modern sample.

© RIA Novosti / Grigory to Sysoeva in fotobounce detox in Khimki«Pour the collar». How to work sobering-up stations in Russia© RIA Novosti / Grigory to Sysoeva in fotobounce detox in Khimki

«Drunkenness is neither a disease nor severe mental disorders, and therefore, the holding of a person against his will in the current edition of the law «On health care» is unacceptable. In addition, drunkenness is not a criminal and not an administrative offence. Nobody will break the law if, for example, will lie quietly in the gutter. Therefore, to pick up and hold against the will not. And certainly not always possible to obtain consent from barely standing on the legs of a man. So while the lawyers for the government does not settle this area, the sobering-up stations properly will not work», — said Vladimir Yegorov.

«Come on, I have a ticket»

«Remember how I was in the «sober» funny and awful at the same time, — says 42-year-old Maxim. He was in the «receiver» of all time back in the 90s — Young and slightly drunk, we tried to defecate in a public place, and was twisted by police and taken to the Department.»

«Later in the cage brought another man, who came up to our bench and said: «come on, I have the entrance ticket». We began to wonder what kind of ticket? And he from the sleeve took out a bottle of vodka».

It ended up, says Maxim that all three of them got drunk right in the camera and began to behave aggressively. The police took them to detox.

© RIA Novosti / Michael Mordasova in fotobank city medical detox. The employee fills in the service log outfits sobering-up station«Pour the collar». How to work sobering-up stations in Russia© RIA Novosti / Michael Mordasova in fotobank city medical detox. The employee fills in the service log outfits sobering-up station

«There we were stripped to their underwear and asked to poprisedat with your eyes closed, walk through the narrow stripe. Then went for the sheets and sent to the «house». The bench was single, with bars from floor to ceiling. Sometimes employees were given a drink of water from a shared mug. Sometimes released from the toilet. The drunks at «the windmill» talked, made plans for the next day. Life was in full swing. The cell was cold, the sheets are not saved. But for the «sober», probably, it is the norm to insane people faster to bring to life,» he says.

Maxim is sure that the sobering-up stations that were in the Soviet Union, will not be able to take root in modern Russia: «Not those rules, not make the laws, and everyone now knows his rights. There people could humiliate. But the idea is good: streets were cleaned from the homeless, heavily drunk and hooligans».

Deputy brainstorming

Soon the detention centres for drunk want to revive in 11 cities of Russia, where in 2018 will host the world Cup. But if this pilot project successfully prove itself, then perhaps grow in the Federal program. In December Moscow city Duma deputies intend to discuss the question of the organization of such centres in the capital.

© RIA Novosti / Michael Mordasova in fotobounce detox in Veliky Novgorod«Pour the collar». How to work sobering-up stations in Russia© RIA Novosti / Michael Mordasova in fotobounce detox in Veliky Novgorod

Chairman of the Duma Alexey Shaposhnikov told RIA Novosti that while the most appropriate seems to be the creation of sobering-up stations on the basis of budgetary institutions. They will work together with the police, after having received the license for rendering of first aid. In this case, said the President, centers designed for drunk people who don’t need medical care. Their presence must be voluntary, therefore, to amend the legal framework, according to Shaposhnikov, is not required.

Other Deputy of Moscow city Duma Vladimir Platonov sees prospects in the establishment of sobering-up stations on the system of public-private partnerships (PPPs). As an example, he cites Yakutia, where such «receivers» create private clinics, and then enter into a contract with the Ministry of health.

© RIA Novosti / Grigory to Sysoeva in photovacation medical detox«Pour the collar». How to work sobering-up stations in Russia© RIA Novosti / Grigory to Sysoeva in photovacation medical detox

«If the patient gives the police his medical services are provided for free, and if family or loved ones, all the procedures will have to pay. The Institute of PPP allows the combination of certain social security and a high level of service,» says Platonov.

The Deputy is sure: to defer the issue of establishment of sobering-up stations for an indefinite period anymore. But to return to the former Soviet system — was inappropriate and illegal, and the time is long past. It is more important to find a balance between preserving the principles of voluntariness and interests of other people who may suffer from the neighborhood with the drunk man.

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