Stayed for maniac. How lives a man convicted in the case Mihasevich

© Sputnik / the Fund of the Belarusian state archive kinofotofonodokumentov Kovalev was one of 14 innocent people in the case of the Vitebsk Strangler Gennady MihasevichStayed for maniac. How lives a man convicted in the case Mihasevich© Sputnik / the Fund of the Belarusian state archives of films

As for people who served real time for crimes he did not commit? Sputnik-Russia tells the story of Valeria Kovaleva, who became one of 14 people, innocent prisoners on the case of Vitebsk Strangler Gennady Mihasevich, which in 1970-1980-ies killed 36 women.

Valery Kovalev is still living in Vitebsk, has been in business and does not like to remember the story about how he along with two friends accused of the murder of a woman, found guilty and sent to prison for 15 years.

© Sputnik / Faith Paskevichey Kovalev was one of 14 innocent people in the case of the Vitebsk Strangler Gennady MihasevichStayed for maniac. How lives a man convicted in the case Mihasevich© Sputnik / Faith Paskevichey Kovalev was one of 14 innocent people in the case of the Vitebsk Strangler Gennady Mihasevich

To serve he had twelve. He was released as soon as he apprehended the true murderer is good family man and worker, locksmith, mechanic stud farm «Dvina» Gennady Mihasevich.

From 1971 to 1985 Mihasevich strangled in the Vitebsk region 36 women. Some were raped. Kovalev and his friends Nikolay Yanchenko and Pashkevich, Vladimir was convicted of one of the first episode — then, in 1972, on the rye field near the house Kovalev’s body was found strangled and raped women.

In this Mihasevich admitted to investigators in 1986. But in 1974 was blamed Kovalev. Pashkevich, according to investigators, helped, and Yanchenko was present.

«You know, there is a crime, and the people there. There’s also how it happened: I was in the army, Pashkevich were on the citizen and Yanchenko — free. Now, all of them immediately took, was arrested. Hoisted «the hens,» Yanchenko began: we went… And then «hen» all dopodomani. The rest is the work of our investigators,» — said Kovalev about why then all this happened.

Those who were near

Business Kovalev, the Yanchenko and Pashkevich, as well as Glushakova has already been seated by the time Mihasevich, and others convicted of crimes of the Vitebsk maniac later was engaged in the celebrated investigator for particularly important cases of a procuracy of the BSSR of the legendary Mikhail Kuzmich Gavrilovic. It was called the legend behind one hundred percent detection.

© Sputnik / the Fund of the Belarusian state archive kinofotofonodokumentov from the movie «Vitebsk case», which is visible, the investigator for particularly important cases of Mikhail Kuzmich GenerowiczStayed for maniac. How lives a man convicted in the case Mihasevich© Sputnik / the Fund of the Belarusian state archive kinofotofonodokumentov from the movie «Vitebsk case», which is visible, the investigator for particularly important cases of Mikhail Kuzmich Generowicz

«His system was, he studied all who were near» — Kovalev explains why he and his friends were among the suspects.

Them Yanchenko and Pashkevich was allegedly seen near the crime scene. Now, however, Kovalev said that night was only met with Pashkevich.

© Sputnik / Faith Paskeviciute, where the summer of ’72 found the body of a strangled and raped woman Stayed for maniac. How lives a man convicted in the case Mihasevich© Sputnik / Faith Paskeviciute, where the summer of’ 72 found the body of a strangled and raped woman

«And there I was running cross. Every morning before Kukovyakin. She was strangled in the first hour of the night, according to their expertise. I ran in the morning. That is, according to them I had escaped the cross, did all that and ran on. They just Yanchenko provoked, said: «Pashkevich and Kovalev, Yes, they will be shot, and if at the trial they will organizuyutsya and tell you, you’ll have to shoot you. So let’s talk.» And he began to speak. But as he began to speak, so my army brought», — says Kovalev.

Kovalev says that he served in battalion sports, played basketball and boxed. Said that after demobilization he waited in Kurgan military aviation school for the post of chief physical training. He had even bought tickets but did not get.

«In Vitebsk took place the championship of the Belarusian military district in Boxing. I won this championship, and I was given 15 days of vacation. And then get a call from the Mound, from the military-political aviation school: maybe you can come visit us, play, and then, after demobilization back to our school head of physical training? It’s podpolkovnichyu position. It was assumed that 19 APR receive Lieutenant shoulder straps, and back on podpolkovnichyu position. It’s a fairy tale. In General, take a ticket to Moscow, from there to the mound to fly. Arrived at the airport, and me in the car and in the bullpen. Did not explain anything. The next morning was taken to the guardhouse, gave ten days «for violating the dress code». My pants were altered and suede boots. And then came Gavrilovic and says:

«Hello, stranger. And how did you get here? But I have searched and could not find.» This investigator says. And work has begun. Yanchenko and Pashkevich already been arrested,» — says Kovalev.

Blackmail shot

Of the three accused in this case only Pashkevich was to end — not my fault and all. First confessed Yanchenko. As he said in the late 1980s the author of the film «Vitebsk case» Viktor Dashuk, he was constantly threatened with execution, and then, after conversations with Generalitem, at some point, he began to think that they could actually commit the crime.

© Sputnik / the Fund of the Belarusian state archive kinofotofonodokumentov from the movie «Vitebsk case»Stayed for maniac. How lives a man convicted in the case Mihasevich© Sputnik / the Fund of the Belarusian state archive kinofotofonodokumentov from the movie «Vitebsk case»

From the materials of the criminal case on the abuse of Javanovich: «23 April 1974, chief inspector Fomin together with other police officers beat Kovalev supposedly perfect for them to escape. In fact, Kovalev went for water at the suggestion of Javanovich. Three days later, Kovalev beat the senior investigator of Prosecutor’s office of Vitebsk region and the Prosecutor of the investigation Department. In the presence of Javanovich Kovalev inflicted multiple punches and kicks to various parts of the body. As a result of these and other illegal activities Kovalev, fearing for his fate, to mitigate the punishment written statement on the voluntary surrender».

And Yanchenko, and Kovalev together with Generalitem visited the site of the discovery of the body. Showed the investigator how and what they «did» with a dead woman. In a criminal case there’s a photo of those investigative trips. Why did they perjure themselves? Kovalev believes that to prove the innocence of it was impossible. And the theme of capital punishment — shooting — sounded in conversations with the investigator constantly.

«I been to the army the Director of studies of children’s sports school. And that idea — that I, the teacher, committed such a crime. The regional Committee then gathered 45 thousand signatures of teachers in the region who asked me for punishment,» he recalls.

Did not lead then to blackmail only Pashkevich. During the confrontation, openly asked who took the blame Yanchenko: «what, were You beaten?» — and all attempts Javanovich to incorporate it into the version of the investigation told the same thing: «It’s a lie, I wasn’t there».

They again tried to defend himself in court, the first day was silent, trying to demand that witnesses who could prove their innocence.

But then, according to Yanchenko, attorney Kovalev again reminded him about the shooting, and he was forced to accept the version of the investigation. And then admitted guilt and Yanchenko.

As a result, in October 1974, the Vitebsk regional court sentenced Kovalyov to 15 years of imprisonment, Pashkevich — 12, Yanchenko — to two and a half.

«No, not forgiven»

Yanchenko and Pashkevich spent from start to finish. Pashkevich was released a few days before detained Mihasevich. He was arrested on 9 December, and Pashkevich was released 7th.

«He did 12 years. And I was released April 19th, and the 21st I should make the sentence: seven and a half years of special regime and to send to Vinnytsia», — says Kovalev.

Another term threatened him for violations of the regime. In the film Dashuk Kovalev told that four times he cut himself. In addition, he was frequently in the hole. Released it also, incidentally, out of the hole.

© Sputnik / the Fund of the Belarusian state archives of films shot from the movie «Vitebsk case», where Kovalev during the investigative experiment Stayed for maniac. How lives a man convicted in the case Mihasevich© Sputnik / the Fund of the Belarusian state archives of films shot from the movie «Vitebsk case», where Kovalev during the investigative experiment

«Just released: sitting in the hole. Then the good COP on duty was cigarettes brought me. Said look only, so no smoke. I opened the window, smoke break. It’s April, not drowned, there’s a cooler one in the hole. In General, I was sitting on his haunches, kemaru, then the door opened, we saw that the stripes are. There’s also the camera is small, and crammed five people, probably. And I’m sitting huddled up and I thought: well, shoot. And they say: «Well, Valerie, let’s go…» I said, «Where?» Ignatovich (Nikolay Ignatovich — the investigator for particularly important cases at the Prosecutor’s office of the BSSR, caught Mihasevich. — Approx. ed.) asks: «have Things?» And I’m in Vinnitsa was going. They say, «Come and get it and go.» From the holding cell area cops usually drive, and then the door opened — and go. I went. The inmates ask: «where are You going?» and I of Pontus: «For freedom.» In General, get your things washed. Tea was given. Came and went», — says Kovalev.

In the statement issued by Kovalev during the liberation, it appeared that on account of he’s got a little more than four rubles. No job, no reputation. On a question, sorry if in front of him, Kovalev laughing: who, Javanovich or Prosecutor?

«Sorry only investigative group. When I arrived in Minsk the Prosecutor’s office, went to the attorney General, there sits the General Proshkin (Leonid Proshkin, the investigator for particularly important cases under the Prosecutor General of the USSR, to investigate the abuse of officials in the case of the Vitebsk maniac. — Approx. ed.) were from the Supreme Council. Said sorry so and so. Belarusians do not apologize. Only Muscovites, the investigation team,» he says.

Muscovites is the Supreme Soviet of the USSR — eventually took the decision on compensation of the wrongly convicted.

© Sputnik / the Fund of the Belarusian state archives of films shot from the movie «Vitebsk case» where Yanchenko interrogationStayed for maniac. How lives a man convicted in the case Mihasevich© Sputnik / the Fund of the Belarusian state archives of films shot from the movie «Vitebsk case» where Yanchenko interrogation

From the letter Kovalev, General Secretary of the CPSU Central Committee: «I, Kovalev, convicted illegally, please answer why restructuring doesn’t affect us, offended by the Soviet law. For the sake of someone else’s stars and awards they took away 12 years of life. For that I was paid compensation in the amount of 3 thousand 700 rubles. Thus I withhold personal income tax and a tax on childlessness. Who gave me the conditions to have children and some income tax for the prison?»

In addition to compensation, Kovalev and others imprisoned for Mihasevich were able to recover work experience: one year in prison, they counted three and gave them privileges, in particular the opportunity to get out of turn scarce commodity.

«I’m made for himself, to justice. Not a system one. My friends, Pashkevich, other, very close is all perceived. They could not come to terms with it. They ate themselves. Are they mother Tereni, who was shot, the apartment was given?! And it was necessary that they were fed. And then I arrived, she no TV, nothing no home,» — said Kovalev.

© Sputnik / the Fund of the Belarusian state archives of films shot from the movie «Vitebsk case» where Pashkevich during the interrogation, during the investigation on a confrontation Stayed for maniac. How lives a man convicted in the case Mihasevich© Sputnik / the Fund of the Belarusian state archives of films shot from the movie «Vitebsk case» where Pashkevich during the interrogation, during the investigation on a confrontation

TERENA is one of 14 wrongfully convicted in the case Mihasevich, which still was sentenced to capital punishment and executed.

Of investigators, prosecutors and judges working on these cases, serious punishment, no one suffered. There appeared before the court several people who are as unreasonable as Kovalev and friends, was sent to prison Oleg Adamov. The most severely punished of the head of the investigative group on the case of Adam — zonal Prosecutor of the Belarusian transport Prosecutor’s office forty. He was sentenced to four years in prison.

Michal Generowicz as a war veteran, have avoided responsibility.

«Generalitem met at the Prosecutor at the confrontation, when he was already detained in the case Mihasevich. It was brought here on an investigative experiment. Well — sitting a sick old man, takes off shoes, says froze his feet in captivity. But he did not say that he is guilty, continued to say: he is the murderer», — says Kovalev.

After his release he met and the judge in the Eye. In the film Dashuk Kovalev says it was an accident, as Sputnik said, what went to the judge purposefully, look in the eyes.

«When I was released, the gear he brought to eat. And every year, then he drove. Why? In the punishment. And it is this peredachku enough and fled to the Prosecutor’s office conducted the examination, I thought I wanted to poison. When we came out, all visited. Didn’t hit anyone. Important was the presence. It’s a lot worse than beat. They’re half finished it’s not very sweet», — says Kovalev.

They came to the lawyer Maria Kunina — the same one that, according to Yanchenko, reminded the court Kovalev about the prospect of the death penalty.

«When we came to the lawyer, she hid in the drawer. Money we have not taken. They even apartments offered — here-live. But I don’t. This is the life that I have your money. And no, not forgiven,» the decades recognized Kovalev.

In the early 1990s in an interview Dashuk Kunin tried to explain how it was that obviously innocent people received such terms, and why she did not defend them. And years later she said she did not doubt the guilt of Kovalyov, the Yanchenko and Pashkevich, so convincing were the proofs. And to avoid the idea that the evidence was falsified, according to her, she could not.

A family man, a public man and a maniac

Curious, but Mihasevich Kovalev holds no evil. In the end, he is not the same fabricated case.

«He even in some sense good — so substitute. But he is not the same I was planted. Planted Gavrilovic, who was interested in the sons who worked in the Prosecutor’s office was interested in merit awards, money», — says Kovalev.

One day he saw Mihasevich — went on an investigative experiment with his participation. The question looked whether Mihasevich maniac, Kovalev answers in the negative.

«No. He avenged like he wanted to be different. He himself began to speak. For example, he spoke to the investigator about me that was, like, man, I was sitting — he gave us coupons for the competition was given, although everyone always lied. And then the coupons received and the shoes we were given. To me because the investigator who worked with him, and called: come over, look», — says Kovalev.

Kovalev suggests that could cross mihasevich before the military or during service, when he helped to organize in the area of one of the competitions. Mihasevich was a social worker, an activist, all participated, and until recently had been in good standing.

The court Mihasevich told that I was angry at women, they often hurt it. Talked about failed relationship with a girlfriend, which he was never able to forgive. Told me that, when killed, it became easier, that sometimes wanted to strangle the wife and daughter loved, because her name was Lena. He had his own theory.

From the testimony Mihasevich in court: «I am not an exception. Millions of people live under the existing rules, commit crimes. This is my theory. I don’t want to talk about it because you will laugh. It is illegal for you, but for me legally as I have reached my goal. I don’t care about the injured woman black woman, Russian or Belarusian — I was choking and it was removed from the souls of heaviness».

Mihasevich sentenced to death, the sentence was executed about 30 years ago in September 1987, whether in January 1988. It was a just verdict, said Kovalev.

«I for one head higher as requested, and there are so many. He was sane, I saw him. Not schizophrenic. It just a feeling of malice some say», — says Kovalev.

In spite of stayed for nothing years, despite the blackmail of the shooting, he remains a supporter of the death penalty. Even given the fact that the system, in his opinion, has not significantly changed and errors are possible. For serial killers, death penalty should be retained, I am sure Kovalev.

«And how the system can change? In the West even worse. But the monsters need the death penalty. Terrorists, bad people. A life that is better?» he says.

The material used footage from the movie «Vitebsk case» Director Victor Dashuk from the funds of the Belarusian state archives of films.

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