The state Duma ratified the agreement with China on the protection of space technologies

© Fotolia / FotolEdhar Business handshake. Archival photoThe state Duma ratified the agreement with China on the protection of space technologies© Fotolia / FotolEdhar

The state Duma ratified the agreement between the governments of Russia and China on the protection of technologies and the cooperation in the exploration and use of outer space for peaceful purposes.

The corresponding bill submitted to the lower house of Parliament, the government. Previously the state Duma Committee on international Affairs recommended ratification of this agreement.

The agreement was signed on 25 June 2016 in Beijing during the official visit of the President of Russia Vladimir Putin to China. It is noted that the document is aimed at development of Russian-Chinese cooperation in space activities.

The document defines the principles and rules for cooperation in the field of space activities, regulating the volume and the order of access of the parties as to technical data and material-related joint projects at all stages of their implementation, according to the certificate agreement.

According to the certificate, in part related to export control in the agreement included provisions obliging the parties to implement adequate measures for the protection of the protected technology, and also provides for appropriate mechanisms to ensure such protection, including through the development and approval of specific plans for protection of technologies.

It is noted that the agreement is subject to ratification because it contains rules other than those stipulated by Russian legislation. Its implementation will allow to intensify the activities of domestic organizations and enterprises of space-rocket industry, providing them with additional orders, according to the website of the Cabinet of Ministers.

Space news in pictures, October 2017© NASA / JPL-Caltech/Univ. ArizonaМногофункциональная of automatic interplanetary station NASA’s Mars Reconnaisance Orbiter (MRO) has obtained images of the deepest valley on the planet — the plains of Hellas. The picture shows the Central part of the largest visible crater in the Solar system, with its dunes and ravines left in the sand during the descent of the blocks of dry ice.The state Duma ratified the agreement with China on the protection of space technologies© NASA / JPL-Caltech/Univ. ArizonaМногофункциональная of automatic interplanetary station NASA’s Mars Reconnaisance Orbiter (MRO) has obtained images of the deepest valley on the planet — the plains of Hellas. The picture shows the Central part of the largest visible crater in the Solar system, with its dunes and ravines left in the sand during the descent of the blocks of dry ice.© NASA / SDO/Aana the surface of the Sun there was a kind heart magnetic field lines. The outer contour of the shape was «drawn» cold magnetic loops, looking darker, and in the center of the heart was located bright, hot, active area. The size of the figures amounted to about a million kilometers.The state Duma ratified the agreement with China on the protection of space technologies© NASA / SDO/Aana the surface of the Sun there was a kind heart magnetic field lines. The outer contour of the shape was «drawn» cold magnetic loops, looking darker, and in the center of the heart was located bright, hot, active area. The shape size was about a million kilometres.© ESA/Hubble & NASAТелескоп the Hubble took a picture of the tarantula nebula – a region of active star formation, which is located in the Large Magellanic cloud, and the Honeycomb nebula. In the picture you can see a long and thin thread of gas, similar to the jet that inspired the discoverers of the object to the name tarantula, and the unusual structure of «bubbles» of cosmic gas and dust that forms the nebula Cell.The state Duma ratified the agreement with China on the protection of space technologies© ESA/Hubble & NASAТелескоп the Hubble took a picture of the tarantula nebula – a region of active star formation, which is located in the Large Magellanic cloud, and the Honeycomb nebula. In the picture you can see a long and thin thread of gas, similar to the jet that inspired the discoverers of the object to the name tarantula, and the unusual structure of «bubbles» of cosmic gas and dust that forms the nebula Cell.© Photo : Roscosmos/Sergey Razyskivayut Sergei Ryazansky published a photo of Moorea, located in French Polynesia, which he photographed from the ISS.The state Duma ratified the agreement with China on the protection of space technologies© Photo : Roscosmos/Sergey Razyskivayut Sergei Ryazansky published a photo of Moorea, located in French Polynesia, which he photographed from the ISS.© Photo : ESA/Hubble & NASAОрбитальная Observatory «Hubble» has received detailed images of galaxies in the constellation of Cancer, which after a collision scattered into two bright and long tail, consisting of millions of stars.The state Duma ratified the agreement with China on the protection of space technologies© Photo : ESA/Hubble & NASAОрбитальная Observatory «Hubble» has received detailed images of galaxies in the constellation of Cancer, which after a collision scattered into two bright and long tail, consisting of millions of stars.© Photo : NASA/JPL-Caltech/AML field, discovered in Aldanskom the region of Mars can be the «key» to explain the origin of life on Earth. Volcanoes and standing water on Mars in ancient times provided the same living conditions that existed at the time on the Ground.The state Duma ratified the agreement with China on the protection of space technologies© Photo : NASA/JPL-Caltech/AML field, discovered in Aldanskom the region of Mars can be the «key» to explain the origin of life on Earth. Volcanoes and standing water on Mars in ancient times provided the same living conditions that existed at the time on the Ground.© Photo : Roscosmos/Sergei Ryazanskiy photo cosmonaut Sergei Razankova Land of night in the moonlight, photographed from the ISS.The state Duma ratified the agreement with China on the protection of space technologies© Photo : Roscosmos/Sergei Ryazanskiy photo cosmonaut Sergei Razankova Land of night in the moonlight, photographed from the ISS.© ESA/Roscosmos/SaaS-Russian probe «ExoMars-TGO» gave the Ground one of the first color photographs of the Martian clouds obtained by the spacecraft almost immediately after arriving to Mars last fall.The state Duma ratified the agreement with China on the protection of space technologies© ESA/Roscosmos/SaaS-Russian probe «ExoMars-TGO» gave the Ground one of the first color photographs of the Martian clouds obtained by the spacecraft almost immediately after arriving to Mars last fall.© NASA / JPL-Caltech/UCLA/MPS/DLR/IDAЗонд Dawn found the first hint of the existence of ice on Ceres, the giant of the ocean, whose waters in the distant past covered a large part of the surface of the dwarf planet.The state Duma ratified the agreement with China on the protection of space technologies© NASA / JPL-Caltech/UCLA/MPS/DLR/IDAЗонд Dawn found the first hint of the existence of ice on Ceres, the giant of the ocean, whose waters in the distant past covered a large part of the surface of the dwarf planet.© Photo : ESO/A. Grado & L. LimatolaТелескоп VLT has helped scientists to obtain more detailed photos galaxy NGC 1316, which is often called the «face of God». In the pictures, in addition to the NGC 1316, you can see her nearest neighbor, the spiral galaxy NGC 1317, which looks at us is almost flat, and hundreds of other «star cities» inside a giant cluster of galaxies in the constellation of the Furnace.The state Duma ratified the agreement with China on the protection of space technologies© Photo : ESO/A. Grado & L. LimatolaТелескоп VLT has helped scientists to obtain more detailed photos galaxy NGC 1316, which is often called the «face of God». In the pictures, in addition to the NGC 1316, you can see her nearest neighbor, the spiral galaxy NGC 1317, which looks at us is almost flat, and hundreds of other «star cities» inside a giant cluster of galaxies in the constellation of the Furnace.© NASA / JPL-Caltech/SwRI/MSSS/Gerald EichstädtКамерам Juno probe managed to photograph the giant shadow cast Amalthea, one of the small moons of Jupiter, the surface of the giant planet. Amalthea has an unusual elongated shape, which is reflected in the form of its shadow.The state Duma ratified the agreement with China on the protection of space technologies© NASA / JPL-Caltech/SwRI/MSSS/Gerald EichstädtКамерам Juno probe managed to photograph the giant shadow cast Amalthea, one of the small moons of Jupiter, the surface of the giant planet. Amalthea has an unusual elongated shape, which is reflected in the form of its shadow.© ESA/Hubble & NASA»Hubble» photographed a galaxy-«rekordsmenka» of the star formation rate. Dwarf galaxy ESO 553-46 has no clear structure and visible nucleus, it consists of clusters of small hot stars that are related to each other by gravity.The state Duma ratified the agreement with China on the protection of space technologies© ESA/Hubble & NASA»Hubble» photographed a galaxy-«rekordsmenka» of the star formation rate. Dwarf galaxy ESO 553-46 has no clear structure and visible nucleus, it consists of clusters of small hot stars that are related to each other by gravity.© Photo : Roscosmos/Alexander Misurkin Space truck «Progress MS-07», launched at the second attempt to the ISS, the carrier rocket «Soyuz-2.1 a», October 16, docked with the station in automatic mode.The state Duma ratified the agreement with China on the protection of space technologies© Photo : Roscosmos/Alexander Misurkin Space truck «Progress MS-07», launched at the second attempt to the ISS, the carrier rocket «Soyuz-2.1 a», October 16, docked with the station in automatic mode.© Photo : Roscosmos/Sergey Razyskivayut Sergei Ryazansky 23 Oct photographed «one of 16 unique sunsets that the ISS crew watching the day».The state Duma ratified the agreement with China on the protection of space technologies© Photo : Roscosmos/Sergey Razyskivayut Sergei Ryazansky 23 Oct photographed «one of 16 unique sunsets that the ISS crew watching the day».© NASA / JPL-Caltech/ASUЗонд Mars Odyssey received the first infrared photographs of Phobos, one of the two moons of Mars, which will help scientists understand when it will eventually fall apart and turn into a giant ring of dust. The picture shows only one half of Phobos, as the second part of it is under the cover of night. The moon’s surface is warming rapidly, that suggests that she covered with a large layer of sand or dust.The state Duma ratified the agreement with China on the protection of space technologies© NASA / JPL-Caltech/ASUЗонд Mars Odyssey received the first infrared photographs of Phobos, one of the two moons of Mars, which will help scientists understand when it will eventually fall apart and turn into a giant ring of dust. The picture shows only one half of Phobos, as the second part of it is under the cover of night. The moon’s surface is warming rapidly, that suggests that she covered with a large layer of sand or dust. /

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