In Russia in 2018 can develop a concept of regulation of robots

© Depositphotos / agsandrewИскусственный intelligence. Archival photoIn Russia in 2018 can develop a concept of regulation of robots© Depositphotos / agsandrew

The draft concept for the regulation of artificial intelligence (AI) and robots in the Russian Federation can be developed in 2018, said the Vice-President of MTS Ruslan Ibragimov, who is the head of the working group of the program «Digital economy» in the direction of «regulation».

«Cyber-physical systems, artificial intelligence and robots… Given that to date no country has adopted any clear regulation in this area, we proposed to depart from the General concept inherent in the program «Digital economy» in terms of creating specific acts, we recommended to first work on a concept how we will regulate artificial intelligence, what options we have to go before you have to reach the specific legislative acts», — he said during a round table on Monday.

«Therefore from our point of view, large communal professional analysis of this important topic, we have assumed the time, but aggressive enough time and put for all-until the end of the year to go normative», he added.

Chairman of the management Board of the SKOLKOVO Foundation (a center of competence for the direction of regulation) Igor Drozdov noted that it is necessary to determine the legal status of robots and applications of AI.

The Deputy head of the Ministry of economic development, Savva Shipov, said that already prepared a plan of actions in the direction of «regulation». The plan contains a large number of specific legislation to be enacted in 2018 or 2019. «We have to work in real time, therefore, within the plan, we have tried to give up a large number of policy documents, concepts and to move to concrete plans, specific amendments to the legislation that need to be taken in the near future», — said the Deputy Minister.

In addition, according to Shipova, in 2018 it is planned to prepare a concept of comprehensive changes in the legal regulation. «We need to think about how to globally change our laws due to the fact that we have a changing relationship, a new object relations and there is a need to regulate them to fit into the traditional scheme of our legislation. So one of the tasks of 2018 is preparing a concept of integrated management, there are matters on which we are unable to agree and decide now, including all that relates to artificial intelligence, and many other topics,» — said the Deputy Minister.

He also noted that the adoption of regulations should be significantly reduced in comparison with the existing regulations now. «The speed of change that is happening now is substantially different from the speed that was, say, last year. We understand that the speed of adoption of normative legal act — not even the law – more than 300 days. Three hundred days in the mode of need for rapid change is an unacceptably long period,» explained Spikes.

Infrastructure

The Deputy head of the Ministry of communications Alexey Kozyrev announced readiness plan for another direction of the program – «Information infrastructure». «To date, this action plan, which was presented by the competence centre, agreed on 24 of the Federal bodies of Executive power. All ideas, suggestions, solutions which it contains were checked for feasibility, and we are ready to accept the plan after its approval by government for implementation in the next three years», — said the Deputy Minister.

According to him, the plan contains three main areas – the provision of Internet access across the country, building a center of data storage and processing, as well as the creation of digital platforms for the use of existing data.

According to the Vice-President of «Rostelecom» (the core competence in this area) Boris Glazkov, in General, the need for funding in the direction of «Information infrastructure» for three years (from 2018 to 2020, inclusive) is estimated at 433 billion rubles, of which a large part – 299 billion – will be required to establish so-called hybrid networks that include the use of satellite groups.

Project hybrid networks was initiated by the holding «Russian space systems» (RCC, a subsidiary of the state Corporation «Roscosmos») in 2015, said the representative of the RCC Roman Kirillov. «This is a new system that will interact with ground infrastructure and will allow citizens, business and government to share information and transmit it via low earth orbit satellite system,» — said Kirillov. The details of the project, he said, noting that this can be done in early 2018. However, he assured that the project does not involve public funding, it is planned to use the funds of investors – including banks and Telecom operators.

Kozyrev noted that a hybrid network may be required to provide services in remote and sparsely populated areas.

According to Glazkova, excluding investments in hybrid communication networks for the implementation of other infrastructure tasks required in three years, 134 billion roubles, of which budget funds of 106.8 billion roubles (38 billion rubles in 2018, to 34.3 billion rubles in 2019 and 34.5 billion rubles in 2020).

Glazkov spoke about the expected results of the implementation of the plan. So, in 2020 it is expected to connect to the Internet about 5 thousand settlements with the population of 250-500 people (continued implemented by «Rostelecom» of the program of eliminating the digital divide). It is also expected that the network will receive about 14 thousand health care organizations, 80% of educational institutions — not only schools, but other educational institutions. It is assumed that 98% of transport infrastructure will also be connected to the Internet. It is also planned the creation of networks 5G «in two sectors of the economy and in some cities». In addition, broadband Internet access is planned to provide all the organs of state power.

Construction of data centers in six Federal districts, including in Siberia, the far East, the Urals. It is also planned to transfer to the national unified cloud platform, about 40% of Federal state information systems.

Speaking about the development in Russia of networks 5G, Director of «MegaFon» for relations with state authorities Dmitry Petrov noted that some industry experts proposed to conduct the auction for the allocation of frequencies for the development of such networks in 2018, without waiting for the decisions of the world Radiocommunication conference, where it must be approved technology for networks of the fifth generation. This will allow you to prepare for the launch of the project in 2019-2020, as well as to replenish the budget.

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