In the southern Urals found unique petroglyphs

© Photo : O. Servicesauthority camel found in Kapova caveIn the southern Urals found unique petroglyphs© Photo : O. Charvatova

Restorers and archaeologists from Russia and foreign countries have discovered in Kapova cave in Bashkiria extremely unusual figure of a camel, indicating that stone age people were eager to share the artistic know-how, the press service of the Moscow state University.

«Picture of a camel was found on the famous since the late 1970s polychrome mural «Horses and Signs», has no analogues in the fine complex of caves in France and Spain, but has some similarities with the figure of a camel from Ignatievskaya cave in the Chelyabinsk region. Now he probably becomes a meaningful way upper Paleolithic cave bestiary of the southern Urals,» — said Vladislav Zhitenev, head of the South Ural archaeological expedition of Moscow state University.

Cave paintings and other manifestations of the fine arts of ancient «Palaeolithic Venus» and other statues used to be considered a distinctive trait of our ancestors penetrated into the territory of Europe about 40 thousand years ago. It was later revealed that the Neanderthals knew how to draw, and the most ancient drawings of people images pigs babirusas and other animals are not in Europe, and in South-East Asia.

In fact, today believe paleontologists and anthropologists, art was born much earlier, at least 100 thousand years ago, before the Exodus of man from Africa, just drawings of those times did not live to see us because of the Equatorial climate and their venerable age. For example, in 2011, scientists found the alleged «palette» – a conch shell, covered with paint and working tools of the ancient artists age in 100-150 thousand years, conducting excavations in the cave Blombos in South Africa.

The most famous examples of ancient «art» in Russia are located inside the Kapova cave located in the South of Bashkortostan in the foothills of the Urals. The most ancient paintings were left on the walls about 36 thousand years ago, and over the next tens of thousands of years the CRO-magnons drew there are dozens of different images, many of which still remain hidden under the build-up of calcite.

Part of these drawings are in critical condition, and now the Russian and foreign scientists are actively studying them and trying to find ways to save ancient monuments from destruction. In the course of such work, which recently conducted an edual ‘ Giami known restorer from Andorra, the scientists were able to find a unique picture of a camel hidden under the cave deposits at a time when Eurasia was settled by the first people.

According to Zhitenev, the uranium-thorium analysis of sediments covering the figure, shows that he was left on the cave walls during the upper Paleolithic, not earlier than 37 thousand years ago, but not later than 15 thousand years ago. This makes it one of the oldest examples of rock paintings in the Kapova cave, whose age was already calculated by scientists.

According to him, the way was drawn by horse, camel and other elements of the picture, as well as their location on the stone «painting», suggests that it was written by artists who are familiar with the traditions of the art of the stone age, emerged on the territory of modern South of France and North of Spain. This part of Europe was one of the «centers of civilization» during the latest occurrence of the glaciers and was the most densely populated area of the Earth approximately 37-20 thousand years ago.

On the other hand, emphasizes the scientist, camels on the European cave paintings are not found, and can be seen only in the caves of Mongolia and in the Ignatius cave, located relatively close to the Kapova cave. This, according to archaeologists, suggests that artistic traditions have developed independently and on the territory of the southern Urals, and in consequence they are intertwined with the artistic know-how from France.

As notes a press-service of the Moscow state University, scientists continue to study the caves in December, when the wall of the underground halls and galleries will be much drier than in summer, which will reveal the smallest details of the drawings, and will also re-evaluation required for the beginning of restoration.


1 Comment on "In the southern Urals found unique petroglyphs"

  1. Questo conferma un’asse, un percorso che dall’Europa del sud verso la Russia, i Cro-Magnon percorrevano sia in una direzione che nell’altra nei periodi di riscaldamento e raffreddamento “glaciazioni”, al seguito degli spostamenti delle mandrie di animali legati in particolare al freddo, i cacciatori raccoglitori, legati indissolubilmente alla caccia di questi animali per procurarsi il cibo, erano costretti a seguirli nei loro spostamenti, anche per questo, alcuni di loro, raggiunsero le Americhe.

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