Social initiatives of Putin to support the family, increase fertility

© RIA Novosti / Michael Clientgenerated in Photobacterium of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin holds final meeting of coordination Council on realization of National strategy of actions in interests of children for 2012-2017. 28 Nov 2017Social initiatives of Putin to support the family, increase fertility© RIA Novosti / Michael Clientgenerated the image Bank

Russian President Vladimir Putin on Tuesday announced a number of initiatives in the socio-demographic sphere, among them the extension of the program of the parent capital by the end of 2021, subsidize mortgage rates for families who have to be born a second or third child, as well as the establishment of monthly payments on the birth of a firstborn son to one and a half years.

Speaking at the meeting of the coordination Council of the national strategy of actions in interests of children with their proposals, the Russian head of state noted the need to «reset» the demographic policy in the country.

Extend the matkapital

Effect of the maternity capital program was completed at the end of next year, but on Tuesday, Putin offered to extend it until the end of 2021. The Russian leader also proposed to introduce additional possibilities of use of matkapital.

«Funds from the maternal capital can be obtained in the form of monthly payments to those families that are in need,» said Putin.

According to him, the approach would be targeted. In addition, it is now possible to use maternity capital for payment of preschool education, but rather to pay for the care and supervision of a child already at two months of age. «I know that the relevance of this measure is very large, in particular, the mother after the birth of a child will be able to continue work or education,» — said the Russian leader.

As said the first Deputy Chairman of the faction «United Russia» Andrei Isayev, Putin’s decision related to the parent capital and support for needy families that will positively affect the demographic situation.

«Many families are ready to have a second and third child, but they do not have the funds to solve the housing problem. And part of the parent capital remains untapped. Therefore extremely important for them to receive further assistance, such possibility will appear» — he said.

To maintain the firstborn

Putin said that from January 2018 in Russia will be set monthly payments to families when the first child is born, which will be paid until the child reaches the age of 1.5 years. The payoff amount will be calculated from the size of the subsistence minimum of the child, established in the subject of Federation. On average, it will be in 2018 10 523 rubles in 2019 — 10 836 rubles in 2020 — 11 143 of the ruble. This payment will be targeted. The financial cost of implementation of these measures will be for three years 144,5 billion.

The head of the Commission of Public chamber (OP) of the Russian Federation for the support of family, motherhood and childhood Diana Gurtskaya among all measures of family support to stimulate the birth rate proposed by the President, highlighted this initiative.

«I’m sure that for many it will be a weighty reason not to put motherhood ahead of career goals,» explained Gurtskaya RIA Novosti.

According to public workers, specific measures of support for families to stimulate the birth rate — it «a serious result of the implementation of the National strategy of actions in interests of children».

The first Deputy Chairman of the faction «United Russia» Isaev also considers an important decision in the monthly payment for the first child.

«Very properly chosen category from zero to one and a half because the family, where children from three to seven years, the problem is largely solved thanks to the program «kindergartens — to children», but just as the mother does not work, remains at home, receiving benefits, not wages, but wants, for example, start working early, — assistance in this case, the most effective, most important. This is the most sensitive in this case moment», — said the MP.

Tidy children’s polyclinics

Putin in his speech called for improving the availability and quality of rendering of medical aid to children and concerned problems condition of children’s clinics. According to him, to carry out their reconstruction, capital repair and equipping, according to preliminary estimates will require more than 50 billion rubles.

«It is obvious that the regions, keeping in mind even the assistance they received lately, will not be able to perform this work only at their own expense. Therefore, in the next three years the main part of this amount, 10 billion rubles a year, will provide the Federal budget», — said Putin.

The government together with the regions, he added, «it is necessary to promptly work out a detailed schedule of the reconstruction and overhaul of children’s clinics, including outpatient departments of hospitals, as well as to approve the terms of co-financing and rules for the selection of clinics to do so with the readiness of the design documentation and, above all, the severity of the problem.»

The Minister of health Veronika Skvortsova on the results of the coordinating Council, told reporters that the Agency supports the request of the President about the reconstruction and construction of children’s clinics.

«We are faced with the fact that worn out of the clinic buildings, in General, require major renovation. And indeed, (is) sometimes adapted premises, sometimes in residential homes. Therefore, the task that was given by the President to prepare the program for the reconstruction, overhaul, construction of new clinics, we strongly support», — said Skvortsova.

She also believes that Putin proposed measures to improve the situation in the demography of Russia «full» and «apply to all faces and social assistance, social protection and medical support».

Mortgage special program

Social initiatives of Putin to support the family, increase fertility© RIA Novosti / Evgeny to Betemporary in fotobanka suggested spaciotime families waiting for second or third rebeccamycin proposed to launch special mortgage lending program for families in which starting from 1 January 2018 born second or third child. Buying housing on the primary market or refinancing previously obtained mortgage loans, these families can count on government subsidies to interest rates in excess of 6% per annum.

According to the Chairman of the Duma Committee on financial market Anatoly Aksakov proposed by the President of the Russian Federation the program will be in demand by these families, and banks.

«It is a good program, absolutely correct, many thanks to participation in it will be able to solve their problems. It is also beneficial to the banks. They will receive money from the budget, and since this is still a good mortgage product, there is the good, the banks are to work with him,» the Deputy told RIA Novosti, commenting on the proposal of the President.Social initiatives of Putin to support the family, increase fertility© RIA Novosti / Evgeny to Betemporary in fotobanka intended to stimulate the birth rate

Head of the analytical center CYANOGEN Alexei Popov believes that the implementation of this initiative will make affordable for families with two or more children in apartment buildings by 7-8%.

«Expanding the availability of mortgage products for families with multiple children may lead to increased demand for 2-3 bedroom apartments, which are now in many projects remain unsold due to the increased popularity of studios and one-bedroom» — said Popov, RIA real Estate.

The money and the funds are there

As reported to journalists by the speaker of the Federation Council Valentina Matvienko, the Ministry of Finance and Ministry of labor have previously calculated the cost of the President’s proposed social measures and confirmed the possibility of their implementation.Social initiatives of Putin to support the family, increase fertility© RIA Novosti / Evgeny to Betemporary in fotobanka noted the importance of the family institution for the state

«The President never makes anything without prior study, I know that. So, naturally, previously the Ministry of labor and social protection, the Ministry of Finance has calculated all these measures, and confirmed the possibility of their implementation», — said Matvienko.

According to her, quickly be prepared for changes in legislation and new measures to support families will be reflected in the budget of 2018.

According to the head of research and forecasting ACRES Natalya Porokhova, subsidize mortgage rates for families who have to be born a second or third child, would require 10 billion rubles annually, which is relatively modest budget subsidy.

Social initiatives of Putin to support the family, increase fertility© RIA Novosti / Michael Clientgenerated in photomontagist told how to Finance social initiatives, Putin’s»Family, which in 2018 will be born a 2nd or 3rd child — 0.5% of the population of the Russian Federation. If you assume the usual funding mechanism for the difference between the market rate and the social rate mortgage, the measure would require a relatively modest budget subsidies (not more than 10 billion rubles a year),» said Porokhova.

Chief economist of the Eurasian development Bank (EDB) Yaroslav Lissovolik believes that initiatives in the social sphere, announced by Putin, can be financed at the expense of additional oil and gas revenues of the Russian Federation.

«I think the compromise here might be that the draft budget of the Ministry of Finance is quite conservative and, probably, possible to provide for the implementation of such initiatives at the expense of additional budget revenues, which are obtained due to the excess in oil prices that we are now seeing. Perhaps such a compromise would have been possible in the conditions when, on the one hand, the necessary adaptation to lower oil prices the last three-four years and, on the other hand, it is necessary to stimulate growth and support the welfare of the population», — said Lissovolik RIA Novosti.

«Probably the way it will be resolved — that is due to the fact that priority in the allocation of additional budget revenues will be given to such projects», — he added.