Scientists: women of the stone age was stronger than Olympic Champions

© RIA Novosti / Vladimir Pescaprae in photosangelina Anuchina and Kira StepanovaScientists: women of the stone age was stronger than Olympic Champions© RIA Novosti / Vladimir Pescaprae the image Bank

Women from farming communities of the stone age and bronze age had a stronger hand than champion in rowing and other sports that points to the Central role of heavy physical labor in my life «weaker sex» at the time, said in an article published in the journal Science Advances.

«We can’t exactly tell, what exactly did these women, but history and anthropology tell us that they most likely had to grind the grain using a hand-held Burr. Women of the modern tribes «stuck» in primitive society, spend 4-5 hours every day for this «exercise,» says Alison McIntosh (Alison Macintosh) from the University of Cambridge (UK).

Today, scientists actively discuss the role that women could play in the life of tribes of hunter-gatherers and the first farmers of the Earth, which appeared in the middle East and in Iran, about 10-13 thousand years ago.

Traditionally, women were not engaged in heavy physical labor after the appearance of civilization, however, observing the behavior of «primitive» peoples of the Amazon and Africa shows that it is not the role of the strong sex, who have the most severe and debilitating labor, there are women, not men.

McIntosh and her colleagues tested this idea in an unusual way. They analyzed the bone structure of women who lived on Earth about 7,5-7 thousand years ago, and compared them with what the load is transferred bone British Housewives and the participating teams of the University of Cambridge in rowing, who train twice a day and every week pass at 120 kilometers.

As scholars have noted, the bones of men and women are constantly changing under the influence of those physical activities which they continually test, which allows to understand what he did or that person and even evaluate his own physical strength, comparing its bones with the same part of the skeleton from a representative of the same sex.

Having studied in a similar way, the tibia and the humerus of the ancient women, the scientists came to a stunning conclusion. It turned out that the strength of the hands they were ahead of modern British women by about a third, excelling in this respect the professional rowers of the women’s team of Cambridge by about 11-16% and not giving them the leg strength.

Having such a surprising result, the researchers conducted another similar experiment, this time examining the power of women who lived in the time of Bronzovogo century, about 4.3-3.5 thousand years ago. As it turned out, the force of their legs were slightly lower than the «superheroines» of the stone age, but their hands were as powerful as their predecessors.

Scientists assume that such a high power hand women’s bronze and stone age was not only due to the fact that they constantly had to manually grind grain. According to Mac, they are on a par with men participated in agricultural work in addition to taking care of the house.

«Before the invention of the plow, farmers had to manually plant the seeds of cereals, to cultivate fields and collect the harvest. Women, moreover, had to carry water to livestock, milking cows and process milk, to cook meat, tanned skins, and to weave strands of wool. Such a variety of physical activity and the associated «chaotic» changes in the bone structure can explain why no one had noticed this amazing feature of ancient women,» concludes McIntosh.