The EU summit will launch a new phase of negotiations on Brexit

© RIA Novosti / Alexei Vitvitskiy fotobanka in the EU. Archival photoThe EU summit will launch a new phase of negotiations on Brexit© RIA Novosti / Alexei Vitvitskiy the image Bank

The leaders of the member countries of the European Union on Thursday and Friday will be collected on the last scheduled summit 2017 to launch the extension of economic sanctions against Russia and a new stage of negotiations on the UK’s exit from the European Union.

In addition to the important, but expected decisions of the heads of state and government face a challenging discussion on the future migration policy of the European Union. In addition, the two leaders will discuss cooperation between the EU and NATO with NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg, will welcome the formal launch of defense cooperation (PESCO) 25 EU countries and will hold a summit of the Eurozone.

Sanctions against Russia: will be extended «according to tradition»

For informal dinner on Thursday evening, the leaders will raise several important questions. The theme will be the future EU migration policy. In addition, at the request of the Prime Minister of Belgium Charles Michel will be affected by the U.S. recognition of Jerusalem as the capital of Israel. Finally, the evening discussion will start the process of formal extension of economic sanctions against Russia.

Economic restrictive measures against Russia, which the EU introduced in the summer of 2014 on the background of the conflict in Ukraine, are valid until 31 January 2018. The leaders of the countries-EU members in March 2015 tied their action to the full implementation of the Minsk agreements and extends them every six months.

The extension of the sanctions for the fourth time will be preceded by a presentation by the leaders of France and Germany – the countries participating in the «Normandy format» along with Russia and Ukraine – the implementation of the Minsk agreements on the settlement of the conflict in the Donbass. And if in June 2016 direct connection between the presentation and the extension of sanctions has not been traced, in December 2016, German Chancellor Angela Merkel and former French President Francois Hollande recommended extending the restrictive measures in respect of lack of progress in the implementation of the Minsk agreements. Following discussions at the June summit in 2017 the EU President Donald Tusk agreed to extend the sanctions on Twitter.

This time, presenting the agenda of the summit leaders, Tusk wrote that on Thursday evening, Merkel and President of France Emmanuel Makron «report on the implementation of the Minsk agreements with the aim of extending economic sanctions against Russia.» As reported to journalists the high-ranking source in the EU, the decision to extend the sanctions to be adopted at the technical level already after the summit. According to the source RIA Novosti, they will be extended for six months without change.

Not all EU countries insist on political discussions for the renewal of sanctions: there are proponents of technical extension. But the existence of debate does not affect the result, restrictive measures were renewed regularly and in accordance with the rules of the EU, unanimously. According to a senior source in the EU, «it has become a tradition.»Migration Thursday solutions will not be accepted: in the work programme of the summits, presented in October, Tusk, the relevant agreement is scheduled for June or October 2018. The head of the European Council, as stated in his letter to the leaders, counting on «an open and sincere political debate», the results of which will be carried out with the aim to reach consensus on the reform of the EU’s migration policy.

It will not be easy. And, primarily because of disagreements on the reform of the common system of asylum in the EU «Dublin system». «Dublin» regulations edition 2013 provides that when a migrant is illegally crosses the border of the EU, responsible for the reception and consideration of its application is the country of entry.

However, in the course of the migration crisis in 2015, the EU decided to help the border countries and a majority of votes temporarily introduced mandatory quotas for the admission of refugees. Each member country of the EU were instructed to take part of 120 thousand refugees in Italy and Greece.

Serious differences in the EU started already in Hungary and Slovakia with the support of Poland challenged the decision on allocation of refugees in the EU Court. Their opponents were Belgium, Germany, Greece, Italy, Luxembourg, France and Sweden. Since positions closer together failed.

But differences arose not only between member countries but also between EU institutions. The European Commission in may 2016 proposed reform of the «Dublin system» and spread to other countries-EU members application for asylum, if they will be served too many in one country. It was proposed to define a quota for each country based on its population and GDP.

The EU summit will launch a new phase of negotiations on Brexit© 2017 AFP / Daniel Leal-OlivasСМИ reported «acceptable» for Britain to the sum of the output from Evrosoyuzav November 2017, the European Parliament approved a negotiating position on this issue, which has become more stringent than the EC proposals. MEPs decided that the country will no longer be responsible for examining applications for asylum. The EP believes that applying for asylum should automatically be spread across all EU countries from their entry. The EP has proposed to limit the access to financing from the General budget to those countries that refuse to accept quota refugees.

Given the disagreements between member countries, Tusk spoke out against the quota system. In his note on migration policy leaders before the summit, stated, inter alia, that «the question of compulsory quotas has proved to be a major factor separation approach has attracted extraordinary attention in light of its consequences on the ground, and in this sense it has been ineffective».

The EU summit will launch a new phase of negotiations on Brexit© RIA Novosti / Alex Monotonicity in fotobanka in the negotiations: the EU and Britain is ready for a new phase of discussion BrexitЗа day before the summit the EC rejected this position. First Vice-President of the European Commission Frans Timmermans said that strongly agree with the statements about the ineffectiveness of the distribution of refugees. According to him, «it is time that the leaders came out of the impasse in the Council (EU to reform the Dublin system) and found the right balance between solidarity and responsibility».

In addition to the reform of the system of refugee reception, the summit will discuss the possibility to Finance efforts to address the immigration crisis from the EU budget. Tusk has proposed to Finance migration policies, including curbing the flow of illegal migration through stable financial instruments. To abandon the system of fundraising from case to case, the head of the European Council proposes the inclusion of migration and countering illegal migration among the key priorities of the next multiannual financial plan of the EU (MFF).

Abbreviated

The EU summit will launch a new phase of negotiations on Brexit© RIA Novosti / Alexei Codecoverage in Photobacterium period after Brexit could drag on for years, according to Dublini Friday, the summit will convene in the format of the 27 EU countries to discuss the development of monetary and economic Union formed in the EU. Currently, its core is the Eurozone, consists 19 EU member States. As expected in the EU since the Euro may go almost all other EU member States, but the fulfilment of certain conditions. In addition, the Commission previously proposed to introduce the post of Minister of economy and Finance of the European Union, as well as to create a European monetary Fund.

In addition, leaders of the 27 EU countries will have on Friday to discuss progress in the negotiations on the separation of Britain from the EU, and also about the possibility to start with the so-called second phase of the negotiations on the transition in the relationship after divorce and the future structure of the partnership. The UK should leave the EU according to current plans to March 29, 2019.

The EU summit will launch a new phase of negotiations on Brexit© AFP 2017 / Dario Pignatelli Britain want to be required to follow the laws of the EU in the transitional period after BrexitКак expected, the heads of state acknowledge the existence of the required progress on the current stage of negotiations and, thus, will give the green light to transition to the second phase of discussions, indicate the materials to the summit.

Since this summer was the first stage of negotiations on the terms of a British exit from the European Union. The main topics addressed were the rights of citizens «divorcing» of the regions, the Irish border and the settlement of financial obligations of the United Kingdom to the EU. While these negotiations has not been sufficient progress, the EU did not want to move to the second phase.

However, in December the sides reached the necessary agreements on the first phase of the dialogue about Brexit and the European Commission recommended that the Summit of the heads of 27 EU member States to recognize the existence of sufficient progress, and to open the way for the second phase of the dialogue with the UK.

The EU summit will launch a new phase of negotiations on Brexit© RIA Novosti, Infographiste and prospects of the European Union

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