The secret archive of the Vatican was first sent the documents to the exhibition in Moscow

© RIA Novosti / Maria Contraventional of the exhibition the Romanovs and the papacy: 1613-1917. Russia and the Vatican in MoscowThe secret archive of the Vatican was first sent the documents to the exhibition in Moscow© RIA Novosti / Maria she said

The secret archive of the Vatican was first sent to unique documents to the Moscow exhibition «the Romanovs and the papacy: 1613-1917. Russia and the Vatican» on the history of bilateral relations between the Holy see and Russia.

«The head of the Ministry Andrei Artizov and the Director of the Vatican secret archives, cardinal Jean-Louis Bruges recently signed a cooperation agreement in the field of archives. Our documents at the exhibition more than the Vatican because it was easier to organize their delivery. The opening of this exhibition is the first step after signing the agreement. The agreement is an important step in our cross-cultural and interfaith relations», — told RIA Novosti the Soviet and Russian diplomat, historian Pyotr Stegny.

Unique originals
© RIA Novosti / Maria Castrovillari, telling of the arrival in Russia of Sophia Paleologus and the items that she brought with herThe secret archive of the Vatican was first sent the documents to the exhibition in Moscow© RIA Novosti / Maria Castrovillari, telling of the arrival in Russia of Sophia Paleologus and the items that she brought with her

The organizers admitted that a little beyond a given theme. The exhibits tell about the relations between Russia and the papacy, starting with the marriage of Ivan III to Sophia Palaeologus, and not only since the reign of the Romanovs. Sophia was descended from the Imperial dynasty of Palaeologus, who ruled the Byzantine Empire. After the fall of the Empire of the future wife of Ivan III with relatives found refuge at the court of Pope Sixtus IV. The custody of children engaged in cardinal Bessarion.

He then arranged a marriage between Sophia and the Grand Duke of Moscow Ivan III. According to the record, wife of Grand Duke proposed «Orthodox Christian.» Thus was concealed the fact of her conversion to Catholicism. During a trip to Moscow, it became clear that Sophia will not be a conductor of Catholicism in Russia: the girl immediately returned to the faith of their ancestors.

«The exhibition is the original record, where a detailed account of the journey of Sophia in Russia and the subsequent wedding. Next to the chronicle we put Catholic Korsun cross. According to legend, he was carried before the carriage of Sophia Palaeologus on the way to Moscow. However, Ivan III ordered to so cross she did not appear in Moscow. So on the outskirts of the city, the cross was removed. However, it was subsequently located in the assumption Cathedral of the Kremlin», — said the exhibition curator Marina Sidorova.

The main exhibit

The exhibition particularly proud of the fact that the General public was able to exhibit the original of the Concordat – the agreement concluded by Emperor Nicholas I and Pope Pius IX.

© RIA Novosti / Maria Controlcontent signed by Nicholas I and Pope Pius IXThe secret archive of the Vatican was first sent the documents to the exhibition in Moscow© RIA Novosti / Maria Controlcontent signed by Nicholas I and Pope Pius IX

«The concordat is one of a kind document. One copy is kept in the Vatican, and the second original can now be seen at our exhibition. This document was signed between the Russian side and the papal throne in 1847. This is the only written document until 1917 on the situation of the Catholic Church in Russia. Before that it was either the bulls of the Pope, or the decrees of our government. Stored in the archive of foreign policy of the Russian Empire. As this is an important international Treaty, the archive is not usually puts it on display for everyone. For our exhibition, an exception was made», — explained the curator.

After joining Russia, Catholic Poland in 1795, there was a question of the coexistence of Orthodox and Catholics. New citizens of the Empire, often oppressed or persecuted. The contract contained 37 articles, and was granted the Catholic Church substantial freedom in Russia. Thanks to the agreement it was ordered the territorial-administrative division of the Latin dioceses, the number of clergy. The Empire established a new Seminary, and the authorities have even started to Fund the activities of the Catholic Church.

Mosaic from the Vatican
© RIA Novosti / Maria Sustrova ordered by Nicholas I in the Vatican as a gift to his wifeThe secret archive of the Vatican was first sent the documents to the exhibition in Moscow© RIA Novosti / Maria Sustrova ordered by Nicholas I in the Vatican as a gift to his wife

Pope Pius IX gave the wife of Nicholas I, several Roman mosaics. The details of the mosaic are so small that at first you might think that the Pope gave the Empress the usual pattern. And after a while Nicholas I ordered from Vatican masters table for his wife. On the lid of the table is a mosaic with image of the main attractions of the Italian cities visited by the Empress, and St. Peter’s square.

Also on display are the vestments of the Catholic clergy XVII, XIX centuries, and from the Vatican arrived some original papal bull relating to the life of believers and the Catholic clergy in the Russian Empire.

© RIA Novosti / Maria Kostromaoblgaz the Catholic clergy of the XVII-XIX centuriesThe secret archive of the Vatican was first sent the documents to the exhibition in Moscow© RIA Novosti / Maria Kostromaoblgaz the Catholic clergy of the XVII-XIX centuries

All guests of the exhibition will see over 250 exhibits and archival documents. Anyone can free passport to inspect the items, documents and paintings of the era of the Romanov dynasty. The exhibition will run until 18 February 2018 in the Exhibition hall of the Federal archives.

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