The campaign: who’s running for President, and that it needs to

© RIA Novosti / Ramil to Setdiscoverable photolanguage President in 2018. Archival photoThe campaign: who’s running for President, and that it needs to© RIA Novosti / Ramil to Setdiscoverable the image Bank

The Federation Council officially set the election of the President of Russia on March 18 of next year, the campaign starts after the official publication of the decision of the Federation Council on the appointment of elections in the «Russian newspaper» — then all declared their presidential ambitions to join the election campaign.

Before the election race in three months is worth remembering who had expressed the desire to nominate his candidacy, in what time frame those who wish to compete for the presidency should be held necessary for the nomination of the event, and what documents must be submitted to the CEC.

Who wants to participate in the elections

Last week, acting Russian President Vladimir Putin said he would run for another presidential term. Yesterday, during the annual big press conference he said that he will go to elections as the independent candidate.

Traditionally will not pass presidential elections and parliamentary leaders, both present and represented in the early convocations of the state Duma. One of the first of their plans to participate in the election campaign said the leader of LDPR Vladimir Zhirinovsky and one of the founders of the «Yabloko» Grigory Yavlinsky, who will go to the polls from the party he created. The Chairman of the Central Committee of the Communist party Gennady Zyuganov said that his as leader of the Communist party put forward as candidate for the presidency of the party organization, but the final decision of the Congress.

According to opinion polls, the electoral rating of the current President, now exceeds the ratings of other potential participants in the race. Thus, according to the FOM at the beginning of December, Putin’s support of two-thirds of Russians (68%). To vote for Zhirinovsky in the presidential election could be 7%, and the leader of the Communists would have voted 4% of respondents.

Yavlinsky, according to the survey FOM, yet can only count on 1% of votes as the TV presenter Ksenia Sobchak, in mid-October announced its intention to run in the upcoming elections. The journalist is positioning himself as the candidate «against all»; it is assumed that it will move from the «Civil initiative» eks-the Minister of Economics of Russia Andrey Nechaeva.

Sobchak is not the only woman who has declared his intention to compete for the presidency. Of intent to participate in the elections, said the journalist and human rights activist Catherine Gordon, the leader of the party «Female dialogue» Elena Semerikova, head of the National parent Committee Irina Volynets.

First Vice-President of the agricultural complex «Mortadel» Elvira Agurbash plans to move forward from party «green Alliance». Not without other potential candidates from the business community, of intent to compete for the presidency was announced by the head of the Association of entrepreneurs for development of business of patriotism «Avanti» Rahman Anshukov, businessman Sergei Polonsky, the Russian billionaire Anton Bakov, a candidate who will nominate them based Monarchist party.

The election campaign intends to join and the candidate from the cohort of prominent Russian economists, the business Ombudsman Boris Titov, who will go to the polls from his Party’s growth.

Among the first to know about presidential ambitions, said political analyst Andrei Bogdanov, Director of the Institute of political sociology Vyacheslav Smirnov and expert in the field of social psychology Mikhail Kozlov. To fight for election in the upcoming elections and want some community leaders and opinion leaders, including one of the founders of the movement «Nashi» Boris Yakimenko, the leader of movement «the Renaissance» Alexander Chukhlebov and blogger, Samson Sholademi.

Earlier plans to run for President in 2018 was announced by opposition leader Alexei Navalny, sentenced probation in the case about the theft of «Kirovles». The head of the CEC of Russia Ella Pamfilova had previously stated that the Bulk of outstanding convictions may not run for presidential elections in 2018, he will be able to think about participation in the presidential campaign only after 2028. According to the law «About presidential elections of the Russian Federation», convicted to imprisonment for committing a serious crime can become head of state only after 10 years from the date of withdrawal or cancellation of conviction.

Requirements for candidates

In accordance with the Constitution, the President of the Russian Federation is elected for six years by citizens of the Russian Federation on the basis of universal, equal and direct suffrage by secret ballot.

Among the mandatory requirements for candidates in elections at all levels is the lack of conviction for a grave or especially grave crime. If a conviction exists, it must be repaid, and from that moment must be at least 10 years.

Mandatory for all candidates, including those wishing to become candidates for the presidency, is the absence of foreign citizenship or residence permit in another state.

To candidates in presidents of the Russian laws impose a number of requirements. Set age requirement and the residency requirement: candidate can be a citizen of Russia aged 35 years and residing in the territory of the Russian Federation not less than 10 years.

The first step

Election campaign involves several key steps, one of them the nomination. The presidential candidate may be nominated by a political party or participate in elections in self-nomination. A party nominates a candidate at its Congress, and independent candidate for this it is necessary to collect initiative group of voters, which would be at least 500 people.

Secretary of the CEC, Maya Grishina explained that the composition of such group may be included only voters — that is, persons who have active suffrage. Other restrictions, for example, the position, or any other eligibility requirements.

Meeting in support of the candidate self group conducts in the election campaign period, that is after the official publication of the decision on purpose of elections. The CEC should be informed of the meeting not later than five days. According to Grishina, the Assembly can spend several action groups, but the candidate must choose one from which you will run.

The campaign: who’s running for President, and that it needs to© RIA Novosti / Michael Clientgenerated in photomontages of congresses: the party will be defined with candidates on elections of presidentputin can spend pre-election congresses also only after the official publication of the decision on purpose of elections. Many parties have already determined the dates of congresses — next week will be marked by a succession of events.

A member of the CEC of Russia Evgeny Shevchenko said earlier that self-nominated candidates will be 20 days after official publication of decision to call the election to file nomination documents to the CEC, the candidates of the parties is given for 25 days.

The documents

Submission of documents to the CEC for the nomination is carried out by all candidates on an equal basis. The law provides that each applicant submits documents personally, although there are a few cases reservations regarding, for example, disease.

At the first stage the candidate brings to the CEC the documents. For candidates from political parties and independent candidates the differences are not so much sets of documents are almost identical. Candidate going to the polls in the self-nomination must submit to the CEC a petition for registration of group of voters, and the party candidate to represent the decision of the Congress.

The campaign: who’s running for President, and that it needs to© RIA Novosti / Ramil to Setdiscoverable in photobacteria, USA and economy: Putin answered questions for more than 3.5 casafuerte to the key documents informing you of the nomination, all candidates must submit a statement of consent to run and proof of biographical information, including copies of passport, employment record, documents on education.

At this stage, candidates must submit information on the amount and sources of income (own and spouse) for the six years preceding the year of elections of the President and information on the property, deposits and securities.

As noted by CEC member Yevgeny Shevchenko, the CEC will work without days off during the new year holidays and will form a Rota to ensure reception of documents from candidates. The head of the Central election Commission Ella Pamfilova said earlier that the Agency has already made a preliminary work schedule in new year holidays: the Commission will work on one of the days from 4 to 8 January, perhaps even before midnight, because one of them will be the last day of acceptance of documents from the independents.

The campaign: who’s running for President, and that it needs to© RIA Novosti / Michael Clientgenerated in fotoracconti moments of conversation with Putin journalisterne Shevchenko said that those candidates who will have time to quickly conduct all the procedures for nomination, the CEC will accept documents for registration from 27 December to 18: 00 Moscow time on 31 January.

After submission of documents each candidate, the Central election Commission within five days to consider them and make the decision on registration of group of voters and its authorized representatives or authorized representatives of the parties, or to issue a motivated decision on refusal in their registration.

The collection of signatures

For registration as a presidential candidate, independent candidates and candidates from non-parliamentary parties need to collect signatures in his support. The collection of signatures begins after submission to the CEC of documents on nomination of a candidate at the party Congress or the initiative group.

The campaign: who’s running for President, and that it needs to© RIA Novosti / Grigory to Sysoeva in fotomontagen commented on the self Putinele all documents are in order, the Commission adopts a positive decision, the candidate shall open a special electoral account and print subscription lists — they are paid from the electoral Fund, therefore, may be made only after opening the account. Only then a candidate can start collecting signatures of voters in support of nomination.

The Deputy head of the Russian CEC Nikolai Bulaev said that the problems with opening the electoral accounts of candidates in presidents should arise, even if this period coincides with the new year holidays – the savings Bank, branches will need to apply to open an account, always goes to meet the requests and suggestions of the CEC. Shevchenko said that this question is almost agreed that the office worked almost all holidays.

The independent candidate will have to collect not less than 300 thousand signatures of voters, and each region should have no more than 7.5 thousand. Parties (except the Parliament) have to collect 100 thousand signatures in support of nominating a candidate, not more than 2,5 thousand signatures in one subject of the Russian Federation.

The campaign: who’s running for President, and that it needs to© RIA Novosti / Michael Clientgenerated in photobank»Election hour» big press conference Patenability parliamentary parties, the candidates, by law, are exempted from collecting signatures. Earlier, the Secretary of the CEC, Maya Grishina said that the elections in 2018, none of the extra-parliamentary party will not be able to do without this procedure, if it decides to nominate a presidential candidate, because none of them now has factions in the parliaments of at least the third region, that would free them from having to collect signatures.

Petitions candidates will have to submit at the registration stage. Candidates from parliamentary parties, which do not need to collect signatures will have, like everyone else, to open a special electoral account and come to the registration stage.

In addition, all candidates before registration to the time of the submission of the necessary documents required to close foreign accounts and deposits, if any.