Scientists have discovered a new and dangerous property of sugar

© Fotolia / effkazТест the level of sugar in the bloodScientists have discovered a new and dangerous property of sugar© Fotolia / effkaz

Elevated sugar levels in the blood of the mother in early pregnancy increases the risk of a congenital heart defect in a child, say researchers at the Medical school of Stanford University. The work of scientists published in the journal of Pediatrics.

Previously, experts believed that such problems faced by children born to mothers with diabetes. Now scientists have come to the conclusion that the absence of diabetes is not a guarantee for the healthy development of the fetal heart.

«We found that can estimate the risk of congenital heart defect in a child by analyzing the levels of glucose in the blood (of the mother. — Approx. ed.) in the first trimester,» said one of the study’s authors, associate Professor in the Department of pediatric cardiology James priest.

The researchers analyzed medical records of more than 19 thousand pairs of mothers and their children. From the General list were excluded babies with genetic conditions or mothers with strongly deviating from the rules of the body mass index. In the end, the sample was reduced to 811 children with congenital heart disease.

After the researchers removed from the list of women who have diabetes either already had, or developed during pregnancy, formed the final result of the analysis. It turned out that the probability of a congenital heart defect in the fetus increases by 8% with every increase of level of glucose (in the first trimester of pregnancy) at 10 milligrams per deciliter of blood.

If the findings are confirmed, doctors will be able to assign mothers special treatment that can prevent the birth of a child, said the scientists.