Duma adopted in the second reading the draft on the import and export of cultural values

© RIA Novosti / Vladimir Fedorenkova in photobacteria meeting of the state Duma of the Russian Federation. 20 Dec 2017Duma adopted in the second reading the draft on the import and export of cultural values© RIA Novosti / Vladimir Fedorenkova the image Bank

The state Duma adopted in the second reading the draft law on the procedure of import into Russia and export of cultural values.

«This Law regulates relations on the movement of cultural goods from Russia to foreign countries that are not member States of the Eurasian economic Union, as well as to the Russian Federation from foreign States which are not member States of the Eurasian economic Union», — stated in the text of the law.

The second reading of the bill was added a number of additions. So, it is noted that the displacement of cultural values and their enumeration are determined in accordance with the law of the Eurasian economic Union.

Permit

The export of cultural goods in respect of which the law of the Eurasian economic Union established the licensing procedure for export, effected by individuals for personal use on the basis of the conclusion (permission document). The results of the corresponding report carried out by the authorized body.

Also according to the text of the bill, cannot be exported without the obligation of reverse import of cultural values of special importance, except the cases of export of such cultural property by the natural person — the author; the cultural values constantly stored in the state and municipal museums, archives, libraries, performing permanent storage of cultural values; cultural values, included in structure of Archival Fund of the Russian Federation Museum Fund of the Russian Federation, in the national library collection, including those in private ownership; archaeological objects.

In this case temporarily imported to the Russian Federation cultural values are exported without issuing findings on the export of cultural property or licenses for the exportation of cultural property in accordance with the law of the Eurasian economic Union.

«Temporary export of cultural values is carried out in the following order: organization and holding of exhibitions, presentations; implementation of restoration works and scientific researches; implementation of tour and concert activities; organizing and conducting religious rites and ceremonies; personal use,» according to the text of the law.

Illegal import and export of

Clarifies that cultural values, smuggled and illegally exported, shall be detained in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation and can be transferred to the authority to enable the examination of cultural values.

«In cases of theft and export of cultural property, the authorized body provides assistance to the owners upon presentation of their claims for recovery of cultural property from illegal possession, the courts of foreign States, and also facilitates the return of these cultural values in Russia or the owner,» the text of the draft law.

Individuals that fail to return of temporarily exported cultural values within the prescribed period are liable under the legislation of the Russian Federation, the expert on cultural values, which gave a false expert opinion, which is also responsible.

While the citizens of the Russian Federation, foreign citizens and persons without citizenship who have made a major contribution to the return of cultural property in the Russian Federation, awarded with the state awards of the Russian Federation.

Council for preservation of cultural heritage

The draft law also created the Council on preservation of cultural heritage and development of the international exchange of cultural values, which is composed of representatives of public authorities, state, municipal museums, representatives of scientific and cultural community, independent artists and other.

«The Council has the following functions: submits to the authorized body the recommendations on improvement of the legislation of the Russian Federation governing the export, temporary export, import and temporary import of cultural property; recommends that the competent body of persons for certification as experts on cultural values», — said in the text of the draft law.

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